]> Exercise 2.7

Exercise 2.7

What are the appropriate signs for each of these functions in the different quadrants?

Solution:

All these functions are positive in the first quadrant. Cosine is an even function of x and sine and tangent are odd functions. Therefore cosine is positive in the fourth quadrant while sine and tangent are negative there.

Since cos x = sin ( π 2 x ) , cos x is negative in the second quadrant, (for x between π 2 and π ) and since it is an even function it is negative in the third quadrant as well.

The relations between cosine and sine and tangent and the two yields the results:

Sine: positive in the first and second quadrants otherwise negative.

Cosine: positive in the first and fourth quadrants, otherwise negative.

Tangent: positive in the first and third quadrant negative in the others.