SOURCES | ENDNOTES | CREDITS

SOURCES

Google Books Links
Two Years in The Forbidden City
by Princess Der Ling, First Lady in Waiting to the Empress Dowager (New York: Moffat, Yard and Company, 1911)
(complete view)

Imperial Masquerade: the Legend of Princess Der Ling
Grant Hayter-Menzies, Pamela Kyle Crossley (Hong Kong University Press, 2008)
(preview)

With the Empress Dowager of China
Katharine Carl (New York: The Century Co., 1905) (London: Eveleigh Nash, 1905)
(complete view)


Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Links
Freer and Sackler Archives home page

Cixi, Empress Dowager of China Images in the Freer and Sackler Archives


Bibliography
Backhouse, E and Bland, J.O.P. China Under the Empress Dowager: Being the History of the Life and Times of Tze Hsi: Compiled from State Papers and the Private Diary of the Comptroller of Her Household (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1910).

Willis, Bailey. Friendly China (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1949).

Carl, Katharine Augusta. With the Empress Dowager of China (New York: The Century Co., 1905) (London: Eveleigh Nash, 1905).

Chen Shen, et al. Zhongguo she ying shi (History of photography in China, 1840–1937) (Taibei Shi: She ying jia chu ban she, 1990).

Conger, Sarah Pike. Letters from China: with Particular Reference to the Empress Dowager and the Women of China (Chicago: McClurg, 1910).

Dan, Lydia. “The Unknown Photographer: Statement Written for the Smithsonian” (Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, 1982)

Derling, Princess. Two Years in the Forbidden City (New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1911).

Ding, Ruqin. Qingdai Neiting Yanxi Shihua (A History of Theatre in the Qing Inner Court) (Beijing: Zijingcheng Chubanshe, 1999).

Farquhar, David M. “Emperor as Bodhisattva in the Governance of the Ch'ing Empire.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies Vol. 38 (1978), pp. 5-34.

Feng Huang. “Cixi ban Guangyin (Cixi as Guanyin)” in Zijingcheng (Forbidden City). Vol. 4 (1980), pp. 34-36.

Goldstein, Joshua. Drama Kings: Players and Publics in the Re-creation of Peking Opera, 1870-1937 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007).

Hevia, James Louis. English Lessons: the Pedagogy of Imperialism in Nineteenth-century China (Durham: Duke University Press, 2003).

Lin Jing, The Photographs of Cixi in the Collection of the Palace Museum (Beijing: Forbidden City Publishing House, 2002) p. 30.

Liu Beisi and Xu Qixian, eds. Gugong Zhencang Renwu Zhaopian Huicui (Exquisite Collection of Figure Photographs in the Palace Museum (Beijing: Zi jin cheng chu ban she, 1994).

Longworth, Alice Roosevelt. Crowded Hours (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1933).

Ma Zhengyuan, et al. Zhongguo Sheying Shi (A History of Chinese Photography) (Beijing: Zhongguo she ying chu ban she, 1987).

Pu Jia, Pu Jie. Wan Qing gong ting sheng huo jian wen (Beijing: Wen shi zi liao chu ban she, 1982).

Rawski, Evelyn Sakakida. The Last Emperors: a Social History of Qing Imperial institutions (Berkeley: University of California Press, ca. 1998).

Sergeant, Philip Walsingham. The Great Empress Dowager of China (London: Hutchinson & Co., 1910).

Smith, Arthur Henderson. Chinese Characteristics (New York: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1894).

Wei Jiangong et al, eds. “Qingdai Baozuo” in Suoji Qinggong (Beijing: 1990).

Wue, Roberta. “Essentially Chinese, the Chinese Portrait Subject in Nineteenth-Century Photography.” In Body and Face in Chinese Visual Cultures, edited by Hung Wu (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2005), pp. 257-80.

Yu, Rongling. Qing Gong Suo Ji (Miscellaneous Notes of the Qing Court) (Beijing: Beijing chu ban she, 1952).


ENDNOTES

1. Backhouse, E and Bland, J.O.P. China Under the Empress Dowager: Being the History of the Life and Times of Tze Hsi: Compiled from State Papers and the Private Diary of the Comptroller of Her Household (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1910).

2. Philip Walsingham Sergeant, The Great Empress Dowager of China (London: Hutchinson & Co., 1910).

3. In 2010, I oversaw the re-scanning of the plates at extreme high resolution, which allowed thorough analysis of content and condition. The images and discussion presented here are largely a product of that project. As my research advanced, I also uncovered two original prints here in Washington DC that persuasively illustrate the role of the photographs in the broader sphere of international diplomacy.

4. Dan, Lydia. “The Unknown Photographer: Statement Written for the Smithsonian” (Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives, 1982).

5. Derling, Princess. Two Years in the Forbidden City (New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1911).

6. Derling, Princess. Two Years in the Forbidden City (New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1911).

7. Derling, Princess. Two Years in the Forbidden City (New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1911).

8. Wei Jiangong et al, eds. “Qingdai Baozuo” in Suoji Qinggong (Beijing: 1990).

9. Willis, Bailey. Friendly China (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1949).

10. Longworth, Alice Roosevelt. Crowded Hours (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1933).

11. The Washington Times, September 14, 1905.

12. Longworth, Alice Roosevelt. Crowded Hours (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1933).

 
 

CREDITS

“The Empress Dowager and the Camera” was developed by
Visualizing Cultures at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
and presented on MIT OpenCourseWare.

MIT Visualizing Cultures:
John W. Dower
Project Director
Emeritus Professor of History

Shigeru Miyagawa
Project Director
Professor of Linguistics
Kochi Prefecture-John Manjiro Professor of Japanese Language and Culture

Ellen Sebring
Creative Director

Scott Shunk
Program Director

Andrew Burstein
Media designer

In collaboration with:
David Hogge
Author, essay
Head of Archives, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery at Smithsonian Institution

Freer Gallery of Art

Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution


SUPPORT

Visualizing Cultures is indebted to the following sources for images
presented in this unit:
Freer Gallery of Art

Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

Funding for this website was provided by:
The J. Paul Getty Foundation
The Henry Luce Foundation
The Andrew Mellon Foundation
The U.S. Department of Education



 
 


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