MIT Visualizing Cultures
In October 1860, the Second Opium War came to a violent end when British and French forces sacked and destroyed the Yuanmingyuan. The wooden buildings were burned. The stone and marble European-style palaces lay in ruins. Many valuable objects of art made their way into the great “Oriental” collections of the West—the issue of looted Chinese art and artifacts continues to make news today. The Yuanmingyuan remains a symbol of modern China’s humiliation at the hands of rapacious foreigners in the nineteenth century.
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The Garden of Perfect Brightness III
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MIT Visualizing Cultures VC Units MIT Visualizing Cultures About VC VC Scholars Partner Institutions Outreach Events Contact Join Us Follow Us Essay Opium Wars: The Final Act Plundering Paradise Collecting Loot Relics & Controversy Ruins & Memory Sources & Credits Units Icon View Text View The Garden of Perfect Brightness III Image Gallery The Garden of Perfect Brightness I The Garden of Perfect Brightness II