MIT Visualizing Cultures
The Opium Wars of 1839 to 1842 and 1856 to 1860 marked a new stage in China’s relations with the West. This unit focuses on the first Opium War, with particular attention to the visual record of the opium trade linking England, India, and China; the military assault of British forces on China; and the conclusion of the first of the "unequal treaties" that redefined China’s position in the world.
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The First Opium War
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MIT Visualizing Cultures VC Units MIT Visualizing Cultures About VC VC Scholars Partner Institutions Outreach Events Contact Join Us Follow Us Essay Opium Trade Production & Consumption Hostilities 1st Unequal Treaty War Stories Sources
 & Credits Units Icon View Text View Curriculae The First Opium War Image Galleries The Opium War in Japanese Eyes The Second Opium War Curriculum