Selected readings are assigned from the textbook and from the references given below.


American Concrete Institute. "Fracture Mechanics of Concrete: Concepts, Models and Determination of Material Properties." ACI Committee 446 (1989). Farmington Hills, MI.

American Concrete Institute. "Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-02)," and "Commentary (ACI 318-02)." ACI Committee 318 (2002). Farmington Hills, MI.

Aitcin, P. C. High-Performance Concrete. New York, NY: E & FN Spon 1998.

Barker, A. L. L. The Ultimate Load Theory Applied to the Design of Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete Frames. London, England: Concrete Publications, 1956.

Bazant, Z. P. Fracture Mechanics of Concrete Structures. New York, NY: Elsevier, 1992.

Billington, D. P. Thin Shell Concrete Structures. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1982.

Bresler, B. "Design Criteria for Reinforced Concrete Columns under Axial Load and Biaxial Bending." ACI Journal, Proceedings 57, no. 5 (1960): 481-490.

Bresler, B., and K. S. Pister. "Failure of Plain Concrete under Combined Stresses." ASCE Transactions (August 1955): 1049-1050.

Bresler, B., ed. Reinforced Concrete Engineering: Volume I - Materials, Structural Elements, Safety. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, 1974.

Buyukozturk, O. "Nonlinear Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Structures." Computers and Structures 7 (1977): 149-156.

Buyukozturk, O. "Imaging of Concrete Structures." NDT & E International 31, no. 4 (1998): 233-243.

Buyukozturk, O., and Z. P. Bazant. "Creep Analysis of Structures." Chapter 3 in Mathematical Modeling of Creep and Shrinkage of Concrete. Edited by Z. P. Bazant. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons, 1988.

Buyukozturk, O., and O. Gunes. "Advances in Earthquake Risk Assessment and Hazard Reduction for Large Inventory of Structures with High Characteristic Variability." ARI The Bulletin of The Istanbul Technical University 53, no. 2 (2002).

Buyukozturk, O., and A. H. Nilson. "Deformation and Fracture of Particulate Composite." Journal of the Engineering Mechanics Division, ASCE 98, no. EM3 (1972): 581-593.

Buyukozturk, O., and S. S. Shareef. "Constitutive Modeling of Concrete in Finite Element Analysis." Computers & Structures 21, no. 3 (1985): 581-610.

Chattejee, B. K. Theory and Design of Concrete Shells. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Chapman & Hall, 1988.

Chen, E. S., and O. Buyukozturk. "Constitutive Model for Concrete in Cyclic Compression." Journal of Engineering Mechanics, ASCE 111, no. 6 (1985): 797-814.

Chen, W. F. Plasticity in Reinforced Concrete. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1982.

De Silva, C. W., D. N. Wormley, and O. Buyukozturk. "Postcracking Compliance Analysis of RC Beams." Journal of The Structural Division, ASCE 105, no. ST1 (1979): 35-51.

Fardis, M. N., and O. Buyukozturk. "Shear Transfer Model for Reinforced Concrete." Journal of The Engineering Mechanics Division, ASCE 105, no. EM2 (1979): 255-274.

———. "Shear Stiffness of Concrete by Finite Elements." Journal of The Structural Division, ASCE 106, no. ST6 (1980): 1311-1327.

Farshad, M. Design and Analysis of Shell Structures. The Netherlands: Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1992.

Gori, R. "Theoretical Performance of RC Elements Built at the Turn of the Century." Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, ASCE 13, no. 2 (1999): 57-66.

Gould, P. L. Analysis of Shells and Plates. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag, 1988.

Guidotti, G., M. Lucchesi, A. Pagni, and G. Pasquinelli. "Application of Shell Theory to Structural Problem Using the Finite Element Method." Istituto CNUCE 115 (1986), CNR-Pisa, Roma, Italy.

Hsu, T. T. C. Torsion of Reinforced Concrete. Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1984.

Ingerslev, A. "The Strength of Rectangular Slabs." J. Inst. Struct. Engng. 1, no. 1 (January 1923): 3-14.

Jawad, M. H. Theory and Design of Plate and Shell Structures. New York, NY: Chapman & Hall, 1994.

Johnson, K. W. Brudlinieteorier. Copenhagen: Gjellerups Forlag, July 1943, p. 191.

Kellar, V. S., and R. T. Sewell. Fundamentals of the Analysis and Design of Shell Structures. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1987.

Kupfer, H., H. K. Hilsdorf, and H. Rüsch. "Behaviour of Concrete Under Biaxial Stress." Journal of American Concrete Institute (ACI Journal) 66, no. 8 (1969): 656-666.

Leet, K. M. Reinforced Concrete Design: Conforms to 1995 ACI Codes. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1997.

Mehta, P. K., and P. J. M. Monteiro. Concrete: Microstructure, Properties, and Materials. 2nd ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1993.

Mindess, S., J. F. Young, and D. Darwin. Concrete. 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2003.

Mollmann, H. Introduction to the Theory of Thin Shells. Chichester, United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons, 1982.

Nawy, E. G. Reinforced Concrete - A Fundamental Approach. 5th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2003.

Nielsen, N. P. Limit Analysis and Concrete Plasticity. 2nd ed. New York, NY: CRC Press, 1999.

Nilson, A. H., D. Darwin, and C. W. Dolan. Design of Concrete Structures. 13th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2004.

Niordson, F. I. Shell Theory. New York, NY: Elsevier, 1985.

Park, R., and T. Pauley. Reinforced Concrete Structures. 1st ed. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, 1975.

Park, R., and W. L. Gamble. Reinforced Concrete Slabs. 2nd ed. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, 2002.

Penelis, G. G., and A. J. Kappos. Earthquake Resistant Concrete Structures. New York, NY: E & FN Spon, 1997.

Ramamurthy, L. N. "Investigation of the Ultimate Strength of Square and Rectangular Columns under Biaxially Eccentric Loads." Reinforced Concrete Columns 13, no. ACI-SP (1966): 263-298, Detroit, MI.

Sacks, R., and O. Buyukozturk. "Expert Interactive Design of R/C Columns under Biaxial Bending." Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, ASCE 1, no. 2 (1987): 69-81.

Tasuji, M. E., F. O. Slate, and A. H. Nilson. "Stress-Strain Response and Fracture of Concrete in Biaxial Loading." ACI Journal 75, no. 7 (1978): 306-312.

Timoshenko, S., and S. Woinowsky-Krieger. Theory of Plates and Shells. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1959.

Wempner, G., and D. Talaslidis. Mechanics of Solids and Shells: Theories and Applications. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2003.

William, K. J., and E. P. Warnke. "Constitutive Model for The Triaxial Behavior of Concrete." Int. Assoc. Bridge Struct. Engng. Proc. 19 (1975).

Wium, D. J. W., and O. Buyukozturk. "Behavior of Precast Segmental Concrete Bridges." Research Report R84-06 (1984). Department of Civil and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA.

———. "Variability in Long-term Concrete Deformations." Journal of Structural Engineering 111, no. 8 (1985): 1792-1809. ASCE.

Wood, R. H. Plastic and Elastic Design of Slabs and Plates. London: Thames and Hudson, 1961, p. 344.

Zingoni, A. Shell Structures in Civil and Mechanical Engineering. London, United Kingdom: Thomas Telford, 1997.