|1||Overview of course; what is life? The history of paleontology Geochronology||
[Stanley], chapters 1 and 2.
[Kump], pp. 187-195.
|2||Formation of matter; time scales of major events in formation of the Universe and Solar System; abundance of elements. Geochronology; introduction to geological processes, rocks and minerals. Planetary accretion and differentiation. Plate tectonics; stratigraphy. Isostasy||[Stanley], pp. 129-151 and 177-197.|
|3||Sedimentary environments; water and life; habitable zone; radiative balance; greenhouse gases. Faint Young Sun|
|4||Prebiotic chemistry, nucleic acids, origin of life, panspermia||
[Kump], pp. 195-204 and 383-390.
[Stanley], pp. 103-127.
Woese paper for Lec #5 instead of problem set.
|5||Cell structure; chemiosmotic theory; transcription, translation; mutation. Molecular evolution. Discussion of Woese paper||
[Brock], pp. 29-47, 204-211, and 422-445.
[Kump], pp. 195-203.
[Stanley], pp. 153-175.
|6||Aquatic chemistry. Redox chemistry. Energy yield of redox processes||[Brock], pp. 103-126 and 645-653.|
|7||Isotopes; isotopic nomenclature; definition of atm%, ratio, α, δ, ε; how to do simple isotopic calculations including mass balance; CHNOS standards, what they are and the forms that are prepared for analysis; what processes cause isotopic fractionation including C, H and N in OM and C and O in limestones; S in pyrite and sulfate; ballpark δ values of C, O, S in main reservoirs and biomass||[Stanley], pp. 221-244.|
|8||Redox processes, eH/pH diagrams, examples from various environments||[Hering and Morel], pp. 421-477.|
|9||Anoxygenic and oxygenic photosynthesis. Pigments. Carbon fixation. Nitrogen fixation. Nutrient acquisition. Microbes and minerals. Anaerobic metabolisms. Carbon and nitrogen fixation||
[Brock], pp. 574-639.
Lindsay: review session
|10||Evidence for early life on Earth; stromatolites; microfossils. Microbial sediments||[Stanley], pp. 245-270.|
|11||Geological evidence of photosynthesis and oxygenation. Early atmosphere. Oxygenation of the ocean/atmosphere system. Snowball Earth||
[Kump], pp. 207-220 and 230-244.
[Stanley], pp. 273-288.
|12||More about fractionated isotopes; how H&O are fractionated in the hydrological cycle; how (roughly) C&H fractionation occurs in lipids. Biogeochemical carbon cycle||
[Kump], pp. 147-172.
[Stanley], pp. 273-288.
|13||Biomineralization; ediacaran fauna. Evidence of early animals and plants. Animal body plans. Sponges||
Prothero, pp. 206-221.
C. Marshall paper for Lec #15
|14||Evolution and radiation of photosynthetic organisms||
"Keeling Trends" in Eco & Evo 20, 2005.
Heckman et al., Science 293 (2002): 1129.
|15||Evolution and radiation of animals (Guest lecturer Charles Marshall)|
|16||Reefs and carbonate precipitation through time|
|17||Paleozoic time||[Stanley], chapters 13, 14, and 15.|
|19||Mesozoic time. Geology and biology. K-T boundary, LPTM. Volcanism, carbon cycle perturbation or impact?||Prothero, pp. 410-448 (16).|
|20||Fossil fuels. Fate of buried organic carbon; petroleum and natural gas occurrence and distribution. Methane hydrates. Holocene climate; abrupt climate change; anthropogenic forcing of climate||[Kump], pp. 289-341.|
|21||Climate oscillations throughout earth history|
|22||Molecular microbiology and paleontology. PCR, genomics, trees. Modern microbially-dominated ecosystems|