Lecture Notes

The lecture notes for this course are available in a single file (PDF - 3.1MB). The lecture slides files in the table are the slides shown in class.

1 Introduction; electron-specimen interactions; electron detectors; scanning electron imaging (backscattered and secondary electron, BSE and SE); cathodoluminescence (CL) imaging; qualitative analysis using BSE imaging and energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). (PDF - 2.9MB)
2 X-ray generation, emission, detection and measurement; wavelength dispersive spectrometer (WDS); analyzing crystals and proportional counters; WDS signal processing with single channel analyzer; compositional imaging (X-ray mapping) using WDS (PDF - 3.6MB)
3 Quantitative analysis using WDS; sample preparation; carbon coating; peak and background in WD spectra; detector settings through pulse height analysis; peak overlap corrections. (PDF - 1.1MB)
4 Matrix (ZAF) corrections in quantitative analysis; φ(ρz) corrections (PDF)