The main purpose of this laboratory is to make acoustical analyses of stop and fricative consonants.
Here are the resources that you will need:
Lab 4 Handout (PDF)
You will need your database of recorded utterances from Lab 1. In this lab, you will use the following consonants from at least one of the following sets in your database:
If you have not recorded an utterance database in Lab 1, you can download example recordings of the utterances needed for this lab.
Liberman, A. M. Speech: A Special Code. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1996, chapters 4, 5, and 8. ISBN: 0262121921.
Stevens, K. N. "Models for the production and acoustics of stop consonants." Speech Communication 13 (1993): 367-375.
———. Acoustic Phonetics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999, Chapters 7 and 8. ISBN: 026219404X.
Manuel, S. Y., and K. N. Stevens. "Formant transitions: Teasing apart consonant and vowel contributions." Proc International Conference of Phonetic Sciences. Vol. 4. Stockholm, Sweden, 1995, pp. 436-439.
Stevens, K. N., S. E. Blumstein, L. Glicksman, M. Burton, and K. Kurowski. "Acoustic and perceptual characteristics of voicing in fricatives and fricative clusters." J Acoust Soc Am 91 (1992): 2979-3000.
Stevens, K. N. "Diverse acoustic cues at consonantal landmarks." Phonetica 57 (2000): 139-151.