Boudreau, K. J., and K. R. Lakhani. "How to Manage Outside Innovation." MIT Sloan Management Review 50, no. 4 (2009): 68-76.
Kalil, Thomas. "Prizes for Technological Innovation." Brookings Institute Discussion Paper. Washington, DC: Brookings Institute, 2006.
McKinsey & Company. ""And the Winner Is…": Capturing the Promise of Philanthropic Prizes." Sydney, Australia: McKinsey & Company, 2009. (PDF - 3.5MB)
Semadeni, M. "Energy Storage as an Essential Part of Sustainable Energy Systems." Center for Energy Policy and Economics Working Paper No. 24. Zurich, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology, 2003.
Hoyt, David, and James Phillis. "X PRIZE Foundation: Revolution Through Competition." Stanford Graduate School of Business Case. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing. Case SI-90, February 6, 2007.
Goodenough, John, et al. "Basic Research Needs For Electrical Energy Storage." Report of the Basic Energy Sciences Workshop on Electrical Energy Storage, April 2-4, 2007. Office of Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy, 2007. (PDF - 8.1MB)
Boudreau, Kevin, and Karim Lakhani. "How to Manage Outside Innovation." MIT Sloan Management Review 50, no. 4 (2009): 69-76.
Christensen, Clayton, Scott Anthony, and Erik Roth. Seeing What's Next: Using the Theories of Innovation to Predict Industry Change. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 2004. ISBN: 9781591391852.
Davis, Lee. "Should We Consider Alternative Incentives for Basic Research? Patents vs. Prizes." Paper for the Druid Summer Conference on Industrial Dynamics. Copenhagen, Denmark, June 6-8, 2002. (PDF)
———. "How Effective Are Prizes as Incentives to Innovation? Evidence from Three 20th Century Contests." Paper for the Druid Summer Conference on Industrial Dynamics. Copenhagen, Denmark, June 14-16, 2004. ( PDF)
Diamandis, Peter. "Using Incentive Prizes to Drive Creativity, Innovation and Breakthroughs." Playa Vista, CA: X PRIZE Foundation, 2009. (PDF) (Courtesy of Peter Diamandis. Used with permission.)
Horrobin, D. "Glittering Prizes for Research Support." Nature 324 (1986): 221.
Morgan, J. "Inducing Innovation Through Prizes." Innovations 3, no. 4 (2009): 105-117.
National Research Council. "Innovation Inducement Prizes at the National Science Foundation." Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2007.
Schrage, Michael. "How Prizes Can Help Spur New Technology." Los Angeles Times, July 19, 1990.
Utterback, James, and William Abernathy. "A Dynamic Model of Process and Product Innovation." OMEGA 3, no. 6 (1975): 639-656.