LEC # | TOPICS | READINGS |
---|---|---|
1 | Introduction and objectives | ESD Symposium Committee. "ESD Terms and Definitions (Version 16)." March 29, 2002. Updated February 4, 2007 for ESD.342. (PDF) |
2 | Basic foundations for course emphasizing ways of thinking and biases | Six Degrees, chapters 1 and 2. Newman, M. E. J. "The Structure and Function of Complex Networks." SIAM Review 45, no. 2 (2003): 167-256. Read sections I and II. (PDF) Crawley, Edward, et al. "The Influence of Architecture in Engineering Systems." Cambridge, MA: MIT ESD Engineering Systems Monograph, March 2004. (PDF) "Virtual Round Table on Ten Leading Questions for Network Research." The European Phyiscal Journal B 38 (2004): 143-145. |
3 | Introduction to graphs, networks, hierarchies, and DSM's | Hayes, Brian. "Graph Theory in Practice: Part 1." American Scientist 88, no. 1 (2000): 9-13. ———. "Graph Theory in Practice: Part 2." American Scientist 88, no. 2 (2000): 104-109. Strogatz, Steven H. "Exploring Complex Networks." Nature 410 (2001): 268-276. |
4 | MATLAB® and network representations | Whitney, Daniel E. "Network Models and Basic Operations." Cambridge, MA: MIT Engineering Systems Division, 2008. (PDF) |
5 | Discussion and identification of focus systems; project definition | |
6 | Basic network metrics and operations | Mahadevan, Priya, et al. "The Internet AS-Level Topology: Three Data Sources and One Definitive Metric." ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review 36, no. 1 (2006): 17-26. Whitney, Daniel E. "Basic Network Metrics." Cambridge, MA: MIT Engineering Systems Division, 2008. (PDF) |
7 | Quantitative network fundamentals | Newman, M. E. J. "The Structure and Function of Complex Networks." SIAM Review 45, no. 2 (2003): 167-256. Read section III. (PDF) Six Degrees, chapters 3 and 4. |
8 | Canonical structures and their organizational implications | |
9 | Complexity and flexibility | |
10 | Constraints | Whitney, Daniel E. "Physical Limits to Modularity." Cambridge, MA: MIT Engineering Systems Division, 2005. |
11 | Network observational methods and quantitative metrics | Whitney, Daniel E., and David Alderson. "Are Technological and Social Networks Really Different?" Paper presented at the International Conference on Complex Systems, Boston, MA, June 25-30, 2006. (PDF) |
12 | Student presentations on project status | |
13 | Random networks | Six Degrees, chapters 6, 7, and 8. Newman, M. E. J. "The Structure and Function of Complex Networks." SIAM Review 45, no. 2 (2003): 167-256. Read section IV. (PDF) Watts, Duncan. "A Simple Model of Global Cascades on Random Networks." PNAS 99, no. 9 (2002): 5766-5771. |
14 | Decomposition methods and modeling framework | Milo, R., S. Shen-Orr, et al. "Network Motifs: Simple Building Blocks of Complex Networks." Science 298 (2002): 824-827. |
15 | Affiliation networks | Watts, Duncan, Peter Sheridan Dodds, and M. E. J. Newman. "Identity and Search in Social Networks." Science 296 (2002): 1302-1305. Six Degrees, chapter 5. OptionalKleinberg, Jon. "The Small-World Phenomenon: An Algorithmic Perspective." Proceedings of the 32nd ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing, 2000. (PDF) |
16 | Technological networks and constraints | Gastner, Michael T., and M. E. J. Newman. "Shape and Efficiency in Spatial Distribution Networks." Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment (2006): P01015. |
17 | Scaling and allometry as constraints | West, Geoffrey, James Brown, and Brian Enquist. "A General Model for the Origin of Scaling Laws in Biology." Science 276, no. 5309 (1997): 122-126. OptionalChave, Jerome, and Simon Levin. "Scale and Scaling in Ecological and Economic Systems." Environmental and Resource Economics 26, no. 4 (2003): 527-557. (PDF) |
18 | Organizational structures | Sloan, Alfred. "Co-Ordination by Committee," "The Management: How it Works," and "Change and Progress." Chapters 7, 23, and 24 in My Years with General Motors. New York, NY: Doubleday, 1990. ISBN: 9780385042352. Ouchi, William G. Theory Z. New York, NY: Avon Books, 1983. ISBN: 9780380594511. Read the introduction, and chapters 1-3. Piore, Michael, and Charles Sabel. The Second Industrial Divide. New York, NY: Basic Books, 1986. ISBN: 9780465075614. Read chapters 6 and 9. |
19 | Advanced models of technological systems | Guimera, R., S. Mossa, et al. "The Worldwide Air Transportation Network: Anomalous Centrality, Community Structure, and Cities' Global Roles." PNAS 102, no. 22 (2005): 7794-7799. Doyle, John, David Alderson, et al. "The "Robust Yet Fragile" Nature of the Internet." PNAS 102, no. 41 (2005): 14497-14502. |
20 | Modeling organizational architecture | Dodds, Peter Sheridan, Duncan Watts, and Charles Sabel. "Information Exchange and the Robustness of Organizational Networks." PNAS 100, no. 21 (2003): 12516-12521. OptionalSah, Raaj Kumar, and Joseph E. Stiglitz. "Committees, Hierarchies, and Polyarchies." The Economic Journal 98, no. 391 (1988): 451-470. |
21 | Student project reports | |
22 | Studies of structure function and dynamics of complex systems | Koh, Heebyung, and Christopher L. Magee. "A Functional Approach for Studying Technological Progress: Extension to Energy Technology." Technological Forecasting and Social Change 75 (2008): 735–758. OptionalKoh, Heebyung, and Christopher L. Magee. "A Functional Approach for Studying Technological Progress: Application to Information Technology." Technological Forecasting and Social Change 73 (2006): 1061–1083. |
23 | Standards and the practice of complex system architecture, reuse and standards | David, Paul, and Shane Greenstein. "The Economics of Compatibility Standards: An Introduction to Recent Research." Economics of Innovation and New Technology 1 (1990): 3-41. OptionalCook, H. E., and A. Wu. "On the Valuation of Goods and the Selection of the Best Design Alternative." Research in Engineering Design 13 (2001): 42-54. |
24 | Role of materials innovation; final presentations | Arbesman, Samuel, Jon Kleinberg, and Steven Strogatz. "Superlinear Scaling for Innovation in Cities." Physical Review E 79 (2009): 016115. OptionalBettencourt, Luis, et al. "Growth, Innovation, Scaling, and the Pace of Life in Cities." PNAS 104, no. 17 (2007): 7301-7306. Magee, Christopher L. "The Role of Materials Innovation in Overall Technological Development." Journal of Management 62, no. 3 (2010): 20-24. |
25 | Project presentations and course wrap-up Discussion of quality of emerging models and theoretical needs |