Primary literature references for required readings are correlated with syllabus topics below. A bibliography of optional readings is also listed by topic.

Required Readings


vanNagell, J. R., and P. D. DePriest. "Management of Adnexal Masses in Postmenopausal Women." Am J Obs Gyn 193 (2005): 30-35.

Tiffen, J., and S. M. Mahon. "Ovarian Cancer Screening: Are There Any Options?" Clin J Onc Nurs 9 (2005): 369-372.


Berkley, K. J., A. J. Rapkin, and R. E. Papke. "The Pains of Endometriosis." Science 308 (2005): 1587-89.

Giudice, L. C., and L. C. Kao. "Endometriosis." Lancet 364 (2004): 1789-99.

Fetal Monitoring

Armour, K. "Using Surveillance to Improve Maternal and Fetal Outcomes." AWHONN Lifelines 8: 232-240.

Hormonal and Non-hormonal Contraception

Supplement Article: J AIDS 38 (2005): S1-S23.

Kaunitz, A. M. "Beyond the Pill: New Data and Options in Hormonal and Intrauterine Contraception." Am J Obs Gyn 192 (2005): 998-1004.

Hoffman, S., J. Mantell, T. Exner, and Z. Stein. "The Future of the Female Condom." Pers Sex Reprod Health 36 (2004): 120-125.


Nie, G., A. R. Butt, L. A. Salamonsen, and J. K. Findlay. "Hormonal and Non-Hormonal Agents at Implantation as Targets for Contraception." Reprod Fertil Dev 9 (1997): 65-76.


Beck, V., U. Rohr, and A. Jungbauer. "Phytoestrogen Derived from Red Clover: An Alternative to Estrogen Replacement Therapy?" J Ster Bioch Mol Bio 94 (2005): 499-518.

National Institutes of Health. "State-of-the-Science Conference Statement: Management of Menopause-Related Symptoms." Ann Int Med 142 (2005): 1003-1013.

Menstrual Cycle

Emperaire, J. C., and R. G. Edwards. "Time to Revolutionize the Triggering of Ovulation." Reprod BioMed 5 (2004): 480-483.

Non-Hormonal Contraception

Wilkinson, D., M. Tholandi, G. Ramjee, and G. W. Rutherford. "Nonoynol-9 Spermicide for Prevention of Vaginally Acquired HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Including more than 5000 Women." Lancet 2 (2002): 613-617.


Karumanchi, S. A., S. E. Maynard, I. E. Stillman, F. H. Epstein, and V. P. Sukhatme. "Preeclampsia: A Renal Perspective." Kid Int 67 (2005): 2101-2113.


Lapinsky, S. E. "Cardiopulmonary Complications of Pregnancy." Crit Care Med 33 (2005): 1616-1622.

Ross, L. E., B. J. Murray, and M. Steiner. "Sleep and Perinatal Mood Disorders: A Critical Review." J Psych Neurosci 30 (2005): 247-256.

Prenatal Screening

Lambert-Messerlian, G. M., H. Pinar, E. Laprade, U. Tantravahi, A. Schneyer, and J. A. Canick. "Inhibins and Activins in Human Fetal Abnormalities." Molec and Cell End 255 (2004): 101-108.

Kuliev, A., and Y. Verlinsky. "Place of Preimplantation Diagnosis in Genetic Practice." Am J Med Gen 134A (2005): 105-110.


Havelock, J. C., R. J. Auchus, and W. E. Rainey. "The Rise in Adrenal Androgen Biosynthesis: Adrenarche." Sem Repr Med 22 (2004): 337-347.

Waylen, A., and D. Wolke. "Sex 'n' Drugs 'n' Rock 'n' Roll: The Meaning and Social Consequences of Pubertal Timing." Eur J End 151 (2004): 151-159.

Rh isoimmunization

Thaplial, A., U. Ramachandran, K. K. Sharma, P. Gautam, and N. Sarkar. "Rh Iso-Immunisation with Syndrome of Hepatocellular Damage. An Unusual Presentation with Review of Literature." Int J Clin Pract 58, no. 11 (November 2004): 1056-60.

Sex Differentiation

MacLaughlin, D. T., and P. K. Donahoe. "Sex Determination and Differentiation." N Eng J Med 350 (2004): 367-378.


De Santis, M., E. D. Gianantonio, G. Straface, A. F. Cavaliere, A. Caruso, F. Schiavon, R. Berletti, and M. Clementi. "Ionizing Radiations in Pregnancy and Teratogenesis: A Review of Literature." Reprod Tox 20 (2005): 323-329.

Termination of Pregnancy

Zindler, L. "Ethical Decision Making in First Trimester Pregnancy." J Perinat Neonat Nurs 19 (2005): 122-131.

Say, L., R. Kulier, M. Gulmezoglu, and A. Campana. "Medical versus Surgical Methods for First Trimester Termination of Pregnancy." Cochrane Database Syst Rev 1 (January 25, 2005): CD003037.

Trophoblastic Disease

Seki, K., H. Matsui, and S. Sekiya. "Advances in the Clinical Laboratory Detection of Gestational Trophoblastic Disease." Clinica Chimica Acta 349 (2004): 1-13.

Devriendt, K. "Hyatidiform Mole and Triplody: The Role of Genomic Imprinting in Placental Development." Hum Reprod Up 11 (2005): 137-142.

Soper, J. T., D. G. Mutch, and J. C. Schink. "Diagnosis and Treatment of Gestational Trophoblastic Disease: ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 53." Gyn Onc 93 (2004): 575-585.


Kravetz, J. D., and D. G. Federman. "Toxoplasmosis in Pregnancy." Am J Med 118 (2005): 212-216.

Uterine Physiology

Bulletti, C., D. De Ziegler, P. L. Setti, E. Cicinelli, V. Polli, and C. Flamigni. "The Patterns of Uterine Contractility in Normal Menstruating Women: From Physiology to Pathology." Ann NY Acad Sci 1034 (2004): 64-83.

Optional Readings

Eggs and Sperm

Surani, M. A. "Stem Cells: How to Make Eggs and Sperm." Nature 427, no. 6970 (January 8, 2004): 106-7.

Geijsen, N., M. Horoschak, K. Kim, J. Gribnau, K. Eggan, and G. Q. Daley. "Derivation of Embryonic Germ Cells and Male Gametes from Embryonic Stem Cells." Nature 427, no. 6970 (January 8, 2004): 148-54. Epub 2003 December 10.

Germ Cells

Saitou, M., S. C. Barton, and M. A. Surani. "A Molecular Programme for the Specification of Germ Cell Fate in Mice." Nature. 148, no. 6895 (July 18, 2002): 293-300.

Blackwell, T. K. "Germ Cells: Finding Programs of Mass Repression." Curr Biol 14, no. 6 (March 23, 2004): R229-30.


Johnson, J., J. Bagley, M. Skaznik-Wikiel, H. J. Lee, G. B. Adams, Y. Niikura, K. S. Tschudy, J. C. Tilly, M. L. Cortes, R. Forkert, T. Spitzer, J. Iacomini, D. T. Scadden, and J. L. Tilly. "Oocyte Generation in Adult Mammalian Ovaries by Putative Germ Cells in Bone Marrow and Peripheral Blood." Cell 122, no. 2 (July 29, 2005): 303-15.

Hubner, K., G. Fuhrmann, L. K. Christenson, J. Kehler, R. Reinbold, R. De La Fuente, J. Wood, J. F. Strauss 3rd, M. Boiani, and H. R. Scholer. "Derivation of Oocytes from Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells." Science 300, no. 5623 (May 23, 2003): 1251-6. (Epub May 1, 2003)

Primordial Germ Cells

McLaren, A. "Primordial Germ Cells in the Mouse." Dev Biol 262, no. 1 (October 1, 2003): 1-15.

Refusing Emergency Contraception

Cantor, J., and K. Baum. "The Limits of Conscientious Objection--may Pharmacists Refuse to Fill Prescriptions for Emergency Contraception?" N Engl J Med 351, no. 19 (November 4, 2004): 2008-12.