|1 ||Introduction to the Middle East and Islamic Empires || |
- Cleveland. A History of the Modern Middle East. Pp. 1-58.
- Muwaylihi. A Period of Time, trans. by Allen. Pp. 107-139, 155-163, 202-210, 231-379. (Start reading.)
- Understand the diversity of the Middle East in terms of geography, religion, ethnicity, and economy.
- Trace the origins of Islam and relate to the socio-economic conditions of the Arabian Peninsula.
- Explain the five pillars of Islam.
- Analyze the issues of succession and legitimacy with respect to Islamic leadership and relate to the origins of the Umayyad and Abbasid empires.
|2 ||The Ottoman Order and the Age of Imperialism || |
- Cleveland. A History... Pp. 62-129.
- Muwaylihi. A Period of Time. (Finish reading.)
- Trace the origins of the Ottoman Empire and name its significant characteristics.
- Compare and contrast early and 19th century Ottoman reform.
- Compare and contrast world empires and world economies.
- Trace the rise of European monarchies over the Ottoman Empire.
- Define settler colonialism, commercial imperialism, and financial imperialism.
- See handout for Muwaylihi's "Isá ibn Hisham" (in A Period of Time, trans. by Roger Allen).
- Class 2: reaction paper #1 due (Eid al-Adha - Feast of the Sacrifice celebrated by Muslims).
- Class 3: sign up for week to lead discussion; decide on book for presentation; secondary instructor's presentation on writing and effective communication.
|3 ||World War One and The End of Empire || |
- Cleveland. A History... Pp. 130-140, 146-167.
- Define nationalism.
- Compare and contrast nationalism as it arises in Europe and the Middle East.
- Define Islamic reformism.
- Discuss Ottoman entrance into WWI.
- Name the difficulties encountered by the Ottomans in WWI.
- Evaluate the Arab Revolt, naming its key players.
- Analyze the significance of the partition of the Ottoman Empire and the creation of protectorates.
- Class 2: reaction paper #2 due (or Muwaylihi review due.)
|4 ||Iran and Turkey || |
- Cleveland. A History... Pp. 140-145, 169-189.
- Selections from The Middle East and North Africa in World Politics: A Documentary Record, edited by Hurewitz:
- "Reuter Concession for the Imperial Bank of Persia" (1899)
- "Concession of Tobacco Regie in Persia" (1890)
- "Russian-Persian Railroad Agreement" (1890)
- "The William Knox D'Arcy Oil Concession" (1901)
- "Great Britain and Persia Agreement" (1919)
- "The Turkish National Pact" (1920)
- "Treaty of Friendship: Turkey and Russia" (1921)
- Compare and contrast Iranian and Arab history from the 16th-19th centuries.
- Analyze changes in Iranian Shiism in the post-Safavid era.
- Discuss Iran as a battleground between the British and the Russians.
- Evaluate the reign of Nasir al-Din Shah.
- Analyze political upheaval in Iran between 1905 and 1911.
- Evaluate the role of Reza Khan in bringing down the Qajar dynasty and consolidating his own power.
- Describe conditions in Anatolia following WWI.
- Compare and contrast the Treaty of Sevres and the Treaty of Lausanne.
- Identify Mustafa Kemal and discuss his role in Turkish nationalist opposition.
- Name the six principles that laid the foundation for Ataturk's rule and analyze how they were applied to the new Turkish state.
- Class 2: reaction paper #3 due.
|5 ||The Arab-Israeli Conflict, Part I || |
- Cleveland. A History... Pp. 233-264.
- Schulze. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. Pp. 1-22; documents 1-7 (pp. 97-105).
- Kanafani. Palestine's Children: Returning to Haifa and Other Stories. Pp. 1-12, 149-198.
- Trace the origins of Zionism.
- Discuss the role of Theodor Herzl in political Zionism.
- Review the conflicting promises made by the British to the French, the Sharif Hussein of Mecca, and to Lord Rothschild.
- Describe the life, organizations, institutions, and leadership of both the Arab and Jewish communities in the Palestine mandate.
- Discuss the role of immigration as a source of conflict in the Palestine mandate.
- Evaluate the role of the British in administering the Palestine mandate.
- Trace international efforts to resolve the building crisis.
- Define revisionist Zionism.
- Analyze the first Arab-Israeli war and the creation of the state of Israel.
- See handout for Kanafani's Returning to Haifa.
- Class 2: reaction paper #4 due.
|6 ||Egypt, Iraq, and Transjordan in the Interwar Period || |
- Cleveland. A History... Pp. 190-211.
- Mahfouz. Midaq Alley (all).
- Discuss how Egypt differed from the other post-WWI Middle Eastern mandates.
- Trace Egyptian independence from the 1919 Revolution to the 1936 Anglo-Egyptian Treaty.
- Identify sources for leadership in Egypt in the post-WWI era.
- Discuss social and intellectual currents in Egypt during the interwar period.
- Trace the creation of the states of Transjordan and Iraq.
- Identify sources for leadership in Transjordan and Iraq.
- See handout for Mahfouz's Midaq Alley
- Class 2: reaction paper #5 due (or Kanafani review due.)
|7 ||Syria and Lebanon in the Interwar Period || |
- Cleveland. A History... Pp. 212-232.
- Salibi. A House of Many Mansions. Chap. 1.
- Daneshvar. Savushun: A Novel About Modern Iran. (Start reading.)
- Compare and contrast British and French methods for administering mandates.
- Trace the creation of the state of Syria.
- Identify sources for leadership in mandate Syria.
- Compare and contrast elite and popular visions of Syrian nationalism.
- Understand continuity as it relates to Lebanese history.
- Trace the origins of sectarian strife in 19th century Lebanon.
- Analyze the creation of the Lebanese state.
- Identify the National Pact and discuss its role in Lebanese political history.
- Trace the origins of Saudi Arabia.
- Class 2: reaction paper #6 due (or Mahfouz review due--last chance for book review from first set of choices).
|8 ||Turkey and Iran in the Post-WWII Era; Egyptian Revolution || |
- Cleveland. A History... Pp. 265-300.
- Daneshvar. Savushun. (Finish reading.)
- Compare and contrast Turkey and Iran from the post-WWII era to 1970s.
- Trace the social and economic origins of the Egyptian Revolution.
- Discuss Nasser's consolidation of power.
- Name the goals of the Egyptian revolution and identify their internal contradictions.
- Discuss US foreign policy objectives in the Middle East following WWI and identify the role which Eisenhower and Dulles hoped Nasser would play.
- See handout for Daneshvar's Savushun.
- Class 2: reaction paper #7 due.
|9 ||The Middle East in the Age of Nasser || |
- Cleveland. A History... Pp. 300-335.
- Schulze. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. Pp. 23-32; documents 8 and 9 (pp. 105-106).
- Khalifeh. Wild Thorns. (start reading.)
- Trace the development of the Suez Crisis, naming major players and events.
- Evaluate the Eisenhower Doctrine through its (non)application in the Jordanian, Syrian, and Lebanese Crises of 1957-58.
- See handout for film.
- Class 2: reaction paper #8 due (or Daneshvar review due)
- Class 3: Watch Nasser 56 (movie)
|10 ||The Arab-Israeli Conflict Part II || |
- Cleveland. A History... Pp. 336-358.
- Schulze. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. Pp. 33-60; documents 10-15 (pp. 107-112).
- Khalifeh. Wild Thorns. (Finish reading.)
- Discuss the motives of Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, and Lebanon following the 1949 cease-fire agreements.
- Discuss the development of political institutions in Israel following statehood.
- Compare and contrast the nature of the Arab-Israeli conflict in the 1950s and the 1960s.
- Trace the origins of the 1967 June War and evaluate the responsibility of all key players.
- Evaluate the repercussions of the 1967 War.
- Identify the War of Attrition.
- Analyze the significance of Black September.
- See handout for Khalifeh's Wild Thorns.
- Trace the origins of the 1973 October War.
- Discuss the Kissinger approach to Middle Eastern diplomacy.
- Evaluate the 1979 Camp David Accords.
- Class 2: reaction paper #9 due.
|11 ||The Development of the Client State || |
- Cleveland. A History... Pp. 359-409.
- Schulze. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. Pp. 61-70; documents 16-18 (pp. 112-114).
- Ibrahim. The Committee (all).
- Evaluate the significance of the 1967 defeat and Nasser's death to government and society in the Middle East in the 1970s and 80s.
- Relate the political/economic conditions of the Middle East to the role of the superpowers therein from the 1950s-80s.
- Relate political trends in the Middle East to cultural/intellectual trends.
- Identify the phases of the Lebanese Civil War and describe their characteristics.
- Name the major players, internal and external, in the Lebanese conflict and evaluate their roles. Discuss the impact of class and sect on internal factions.
- See handout for Ibrahim's The Committee.
- Class 2: reaction paper #10 due (or Khalifeh review due).
|12 ||Iranian Revolution; Oil, Politics, Petrodollars, and Arms || |
- Cleveland. A History... Pp. 410-435.
- Prepare for presentations.
- Define fundamentalism and identify Western misconceptions regarding it.
- Understand the nature of the Iranian Revolution and its continuing significance for fundamentalist groups.
- Trace the origins of ruling powers in the Gulf countries, and discuss the notion of citizenship there.
- Discuss the creation of the oil industry in the Middle East.
- Relate independence of the Gulf states, fluctuations in the oil market, the arms race in the Middle East, and regional cooperation efforts.
- Describe the extent to which democratization has taken place in the Middle East, and identify the ways in which regimes have stifled the voice(s) of opposition movements.
- Relate the Iran-Iraq war and the Gulf War to the larger crises of the region.
- Analyze the economic and political repercussions of the Gulf War.
- Evaluate the fall of the Soviet Union with respect to the stability of the Middle East.
- Class 2: reaction paper #11 due (or Ibrahim review due--last chance for book review #2).
- Class 3: researchers must share papers with the rest of their group.
|13 ||Presentations; Islamist Movements ||Cleveland. A History... Pp. 436-457. || |
- Trace the development of the current reform movement in Iran, naming major players and groups.
- Discuss the many faces of fundamentalism in Egypt.
- Identify the circumstances leading to Sadat's assassination in 1981.
- Analyze the role of students Islamic movements throughout the region.
- Discuss the appeal of Islamicist organizations, and describe the aims of the most radical groups.
- Define modernity and democracy, and determine whether or not Islamicist movements can be modern and democratic.
- Analyze Turkey as a country caught literally and figuratively between East and West.
- Evaluate the roles that censorship and lack of intellectual freedom have played in the Middle East.
- Discuss changes in the Palestinian resistance movement in the 1980s.
- Trace the development of the two intifadas.
- Discuss trends in Israeli politics in the 1980s.
- Evaluate the peacemaking efforts of the Reagan, Bush, and Clinton administrations.
- Class 1:"On Point" radio program taping
See also: Related Boston Review articles
- Class 2: Turkey & Iran Presentations.
- Class 3: Palestine/Israel Presentation.
|14 ||Conflict or Peace? || |
- Cleveland. A History... Pp. 483-526.
- Schulze. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. Pp. 71-96; documents 19-25 (pp. 115-121).
- Bush roadmap for peace (PDF)
- Binational State Proposal (PDF)
- Iraqi reconstruction (PDF)
- Cover any objectives not covered last week.
- In light of the second intifada and the current "war on terror", evaluate the current prospects for lasting peace between the Israelis and Palestinians.
- Questions for final exam determined.
- Class 2: 21st Century Luncheon; you will receive invitations and instructions. (PDF)