Calendar

WEEK # TOPICS READINGS OBJECTIVES ASSIGNMENTS
1 Introduction to the Middle East and Islamic Empires
  • Cleveland. A History of the Modern Middle East. Pp. 1-58.
  • Muwaylihi. A Period of Time, trans. by Allen. Pp. 107-139, 155-163, 202-210, 231-379. (Start reading.)
  • Understand the diversity of the Middle East in terms of geography, religion, ethnicity, and economy.
  • Trace the origins of Islam and relate to the socio-economic conditions of the Arabian Peninsula.
  • Explain the five pillars of Islam.
  • Analyze the issues of succession and legitimacy with respect to Islamic leadership and relate to the origins of the Umayyad and Abbasid empires.
 
2 The Ottoman Order and the Age of Imperialism
  • Cleveland. A History... Pp. 62-129.
  • Muwaylihi. A Period of Time. (Finish reading.)
  • Trace the origins of the Ottoman Empire and name its significant characteristics.
  • Compare and contrast early and 19th century Ottoman reform.
  • Compare and contrast world empires and world economies.
  • Trace the rise of European monarchies over the Ottoman Empire.
  • Define settler colonialism, commercial imperialism, and financial imperialism.
  • See handout for Muwaylihi's "Isá ibn Hisham" (in A Period of Time, trans. by Roger Allen).
  • Class 2: reaction paper #1 due (Eid al-Adha - Feast of the Sacrifice celebrated by Muslims).
  • Class 3: sign up for week to lead discussion; decide on book for presentation; secondary instructor's presentation on writing and effective communication.
3 World War One and The End of Empire
  • Cleveland. A History... Pp. 130-140, 146-167.
  • Define nationalism.
  • Compare and contrast nationalism as it arises in Europe and the Middle East.
  • Define Islamic reformism.
  • Discuss Ottoman entrance into WWI.
  • Name the difficulties encountered by the Ottomans in WWI.
  • Evaluate the Arab Revolt, naming its key players.
  • Analyze the significance of the partition of the Ottoman Empire and the creation of protectorates.
  • Class 2: reaction paper #2 due (or Muwaylihi review due.)
4 Iran and Turkey
  • Cleveland. A History... Pp. 140-145, 169-189.
  • Selections from The Middle East and North Africa in World Politics: A Documentary Record, edited by Hurewitz:
    • "Reuter Concession for the Imperial Bank of Persia" (1899)
    • "Concession of Tobacco Regie in Persia" (1890)
    • "Russian-Persian Railroad Agreement" (1890)
    • "The William Knox D'Arcy Oil Concession" (1901)
    • "Great Britain and Persia Agreement" (1919)
    • "The Turkish National Pact" (1920)
    • "Treaty of Friendship: Turkey and Russia" (1921)
  • Compare and contrast Iranian and Arab history from the 16th-19th centuries.
  • Analyze changes in Iranian Shiism in the post-Safavid era.
  • Discuss Iran as a battleground between the British and the Russians.
  • Evaluate the reign of Nasir al-Din Shah.
  • Analyze political upheaval in Iran between 1905 and 1911.
  • Evaluate the role of Reza Khan in bringing down the Qajar dynasty and consolidating his own power.
  • Describe conditions in Anatolia following WWI.
  • Compare and contrast the Treaty of Sevres and the Treaty of Lausanne.
  • Identify Mustafa Kemal and discuss his role in Turkish nationalist opposition.
  • Name the six principles that laid the foundation for Ataturk's rule and analyze how they were applied to the new Turkish state.
  • Class 2: reaction paper #3 due.
5 The Arab-Israeli Conflict, Part I
  • Cleveland. A History... Pp. 233-264.
  • Schulze. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. Pp. 1-22; documents 1-7 (pp. 97-105).
  • Kanafani. Palestine's Children: Returning to Haifa and Other Stories. Pp. 1-12, 149-198.
  • Trace the origins of Zionism.
  • Discuss the role of Theodor Herzl in political Zionism.
  • Review the conflicting promises made by the British to the French, the Sharif Hussein of Mecca, and to Lord Rothschild.
  • Describe the life, organizations, institutions, and leadership of both the Arab and Jewish communities in the Palestine mandate.
  • Discuss the role of immigration as a source of conflict in the Palestine mandate.
  • Evaluate the role of the British in administering the Palestine mandate.
  • Trace international efforts to resolve the building crisis.
  • Define revisionist Zionism.
  • Analyze the first Arab-Israeli war and the creation of the state of Israel.
  • See handout for Kanafani's Returning to Haifa.
  • Class 2: reaction paper #4 due.
6 Egypt, Iraq, and Transjordan in the Interwar Period
  • Cleveland. A History... Pp. 190-211.
  • Mahfouz. Midaq Alley (all).
  • Discuss how Egypt differed from the other post-WWI Middle Eastern mandates.
  • Trace Egyptian independence from the 1919 Revolution to the 1936 Anglo-Egyptian Treaty.
  • Identify sources for leadership in Egypt in the post-WWI era.
  • Discuss social and intellectual currents in Egypt during the interwar period.
  • Trace the creation of the states of Transjordan and Iraq.
  • Identify sources for leadership in Transjordan and Iraq.
  • See handout for Mahfouz's Midaq Alley
  • Class 2: reaction paper #5 due (or Kanafani review due.)
7 Syria and Lebanon in the Interwar Period
  • Cleveland. A History... Pp. 212-232.
  • Salibi. A House of Many Mansions. Chap. 1.
  • Daneshvar. Savushun: A Novel About Modern Iran. (Start reading.)
  • Compare and contrast British and French methods for administering mandates.
  • Trace the creation of the state of Syria.
  • Identify sources for leadership in mandate Syria.
  • Compare and contrast elite and popular visions of Syrian nationalism.
  • Understand continuity as it relates to Lebanese history.
  • Trace the origins of sectarian strife in 19th century Lebanon.
  • Analyze the creation of the Lebanese state.
  • Identify the National Pact and discuss its role in Lebanese political history.
  • Trace the origins of Saudi Arabia.
  • Class 2: reaction paper #6 due (or Mahfouz review due--last chance for book review from first set of choices).
8 Turkey and Iran in the Post-WWII Era; Egyptian Revolution
  • Cleveland. A History... Pp. 265-300.
  • Daneshvar. Savushun. (Finish reading.)
  • Compare and contrast Turkey and Iran from the post-WWII era to 1970s.
  • Trace the social and economic origins of the Egyptian Revolution.
  • Discuss Nasser's consolidation of power.
  • Name the goals of the Egyptian revolution and identify their internal contradictions.
  • Discuss US foreign policy objectives in the Middle East following WWI and identify the role which Eisenhower and Dulles hoped Nasser would play.
  • See handout for Daneshvar's Savushun.
  • Class 2: reaction paper #7 due.
9 The Middle East in the Age of Nasser
  • Cleveland. A History... Pp. 300-335.
  • Schulze. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. Pp. 23-32; documents 8 and 9 (pp. 105-106).
  • Khalifeh. Wild Thorns. (start reading.)
  • Trace the development of the Suez Crisis, naming major players and events.
  • Evaluate the Eisenhower Doctrine through its (non)application in the Jordanian, Syrian, and Lebanese Crises of 1957-58.
  • See handout for film.
  • Class 2: reaction paper #8 due (or Daneshvar review due)
  • Class 3: Watch Nasser 56 (movie)
10 The Arab-Israeli Conflict Part II
  • Cleveland. A History... Pp. 336-358.
  • Schulze. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. Pp. 33-60; documents 10-15 (pp. 107-112).
  • Khalifeh. Wild Thorns. (Finish reading.)
  • Discuss the motives of Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, and Lebanon following the 1949 cease-fire agreements.
  • Discuss the development of political institutions in Israel following statehood.
  • Compare and contrast the nature of the Arab-Israeli conflict in the 1950s and the 1960s.
  • Trace the origins of the 1967 June War and evaluate the responsibility of all key players.
  • Evaluate the repercussions of the 1967 War.
  • Identify the War of Attrition.
  • Analyze the significance of Black September.
  • See handout for Khalifeh's Wild Thorns.
  • Trace the origins of the 1973 October War.
  • Discuss the Kissinger approach to Middle Eastern diplomacy.
  • Evaluate the 1979 Camp David Accords.
  • Class 2: reaction paper #9 due.
11 The Development of the Client State
  • Cleveland. A History... Pp. 359-409.
  • Schulze. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. Pp. 61-70; documents 16-18 (pp. 112-114).
  • Ibrahim. The Committee (all).
  • Evaluate the significance of the 1967 defeat and Nasser's death to government and society in the Middle East in the 1970s and 80s.
  • Relate the political/economic conditions of the Middle East to the role of the superpowers therein from the 1950s-80s.
  • Relate political trends in the Middle East to cultural/intellectual trends.
  • Identify the phases of the Lebanese Civil War and describe their characteristics.
  • Name the major players, internal and external, in the Lebanese conflict and evaluate their roles. Discuss the impact of class and sect on internal factions.
  • See handout for Ibrahim's The Committee.
  • Class 2: reaction paper #10 due (or Khalifeh review due).
12 Iranian Revolution; Oil, Politics, Petrodollars, and Arms
  • Cleveland. A History... Pp. 410-435.
  • Prepare for presentations.
  • Define fundamentalism and identify Western misconceptions regarding it.
  • Understand the nature of the Iranian Revolution and its continuing significance for fundamentalist groups.
  • Trace the origins of ruling powers in the Gulf countries, and discuss the notion of citizenship there.
  • Discuss the creation of the oil industry in the Middle East.
  • Relate independence of the Gulf states, fluctuations in the oil market, the arms race in the Middle East, and regional cooperation efforts.
  • Describe the extent to which democratization has taken place in the Middle East, and identify the ways in which regimes have stifled the voice(s) of opposition movements.
  • Relate the Iran-Iraq war and the Gulf War to the larger crises of the region.
  • Analyze the economic and political repercussions of the Gulf War.
  • Evaluate the fall of the Soviet Union with respect to the stability of the Middle East.
  • Class 2: reaction paper #11 due (or Ibrahim review due--last chance for book review #2).
  • Class 3: researchers must share papers with the rest of their group.
13 Presentations; Islamist Movements Cleveland. A History... Pp. 436-457.
  • Trace the development of the current reform movement in Iran, naming major players and groups.
  • Discuss the many faces of fundamentalism in Egypt.
  • Identify the circumstances leading to Sadat's assassination in 1981.
  • Analyze the role of students Islamic movements throughout the region.
  • Discuss the appeal of Islamicist organizations, and describe the aims of the most radical groups.
  • Define modernity and democracy, and determine whether or not Islamicist movements can be modern and democratic.
  • Analyze Turkey as a country caught literally and figuratively between East and West.
  • Evaluate the roles that censorship and lack of intellectual freedom have played in the Middle East.
  • Discuss changes in the Palestinian resistance movement in the 1980s.
  • Trace the development of the two intifadas.
  • Discuss trends in Israeli politics in the 1980s.
  • Evaluate the peacemaking efforts of the Reagan, Bush, and Clinton administrations.
  • Class 1:"On Point" radio program taping
    See also: Related Boston Review articles
  • Class 2: Turkey & Iran Presentations.
  • Class 3: Palestine/Israel Presentation.
14 Conflict or Peace?
  • Cleveland. A History... Pp. 483-526.
  • Schulze. The Arab-Israeli Conflict. Pp. 71-96; documents 19-25 (pp. 115-121).
  • Bush roadmap for peace (PDF)
  • Binational State Proposal (PDF)
  • Iraqi reconstruction (PDF)
  • Cover any objectives not covered last week.
  • In light of the second intifada and the current "war on terror", evaluate the current prospects for lasting peace between the Israelis and Palestinians.
  • Questions for final exam determined.
  • Class 2: 21st Century Luncheon; you will receive invitations and instructions. (PDF)