|2||Time Travel / Free Will|| |
Lewis, David. "The Paradoxes of Time Travel." (PDF) American Philosophical Quarterly 13, no. 2 (1976): 145–52.
Baber, H. E. "The Paradoxes of Time Travel: David Lewis." sandiego.edu.
Arntzenius, Frank, and Tim Maudlin. "Time Travel and Modern Physics." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2009.
Yudkowsky, Eliezer. "Causal Universes." LessWrong.com.
|3||Newcomb's Paradox|| |
Lewis, David. "Prisoners' Dilemma is a Newcomb Problem." Philosophy & Public Affairs 8, no. 3 (1979): 235–40.
———. "Causal Decision Theory." Chapter 27 in Philosophical Papers: Volume II. Oxford University Press, 1987. ISBN: 9780195036466. [Previw with Google Books]
Weirich, Paul. "Causal Decision Theory." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2012.
Yudkowsky, Eliezer. "Newcomb's Problem and Regret of Rationality." LessWrong.com.
Newcomb's paradox, Wikipedia.org.
Prisoner's dilemma, Wikipedia.org.
Coordination Game: Nash Equlibria, Schelling Points and the Prisoner's Dilemma
(This session was conducted by TA Owain R. Evans.)
|5||Foundations of Probability|| |
Lewis, David. Sections 1 through 4 of "Humean Supervenience Debugged." (PDF) Mind 103, no. 412 (1994): 473–90.
Read sections 5 through 10 of the above article.
|6||Zeno's Paradoxes|| |
Parsons, Josh. "The Eleatic Hangover Cure." Analysis 64, no. 4 (2004): 364–66.
[Rucker] Chapter 2: "All The Numbers."
|8||The Higher Infinite|| |
[Rucker] Excursion 1: "The Transfinite Cardinals."
|9||The Axiom of Choice|| |
Arntzenius, Frank, Adam Elga, et al. "Bayesianism, Infinite Decisions, and Binding." Mind 113, no. 450 (2004): 251–83.
|10 and 11||Computability|| |
|12 and 13||Computability (cont.) / Gödel's Theorem|| |
[Rucker] Excursion 2: "Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems."
For those who want to have a look at the proofs, the following book is recommended
Also Recommended Is
|14||Concluding remarks||No readings|