Topics in Phonology: Phonetic Realization

Top of trapezoid, divided into onset, target, center, release.

Gestural coordination in an optimality theory framework, as illustrated by Gafos. (Image by MIT OpenCourseWare. Adapted from Gafos, Adamantios I. "A Grammar of Gestural Coordination." Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 20 (2002): 269-337.)


MIT Course Number


As Taught In

Fall 2006



Cite This Course

Course Features

Course Description

Many details of phonetic realization cannot be predicted from standard phonological representations on a language-independent basis, so phonetic realization must be specified in grammar. In this seminar we will investigate phonetic realization as a component of grammar.

The basic questions that we will address are:

  • What is the form of the phonetic realization component?
  • What is its relationship to phonology?

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Edward Flemming. 24.964 Topics in Phonology: Phonetic Realization, Fall 2006. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology: MIT OpenCourseWare), (Accessed). License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA

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