Lecture Notes

This page contains slides reviewing each lecture by the graduate students in the class. All student work is used with permission. Some lectures were also accompanied by handouts containing images from textbooks and other sources. These citations are provided at the end of the page for further reading.

SES # TOPICS REVIEWS IMAGES
1 Introduction    
2 Basic crystallography; BCC, FCC, HCP structures; Miller indices; crystal symmetry; stereographic projection (PDF)

Diagrams of the stereographic projection and cubic crystal poles, sources unknown.

Drawings of the hexagonal close-packed lattice in "Close-Packing of spheres." From Lecture 1, Fundamental Aspects of Solids and Sphere Packing. Heyes, S. J. Structures of Simple Inorganic Solids. Oxford College, 1999.

Fig. 1.33 in Reed-Hill

Fig. 2-38 in Cullity

Table 3.1 in Courtney

fcc (111) stereographic projection for MEIS

(PDF)

3 Crystal shear stress and yielding; Burgers' vector; introduction to edge, screw, and mixed dislocations; stress, strain, and stored energy (PDF) (Courtesy of Leslie Dewan. Used with permission.)

Diagrams of edge and screw dislocations in lattices, sources unknown.

Fig. 4.22, 4.23 in Reed-Hill

Fig. 3.16 in Courtney / Fig. 2.5 in Read

4 Dislocation energy; stress fields; movement of dislocations (PDF - 1.2MB) (Courtesy of Leslie Nachbar. Used with permission.)

Fig. 4.15 in Reed-Hill

(PDF)

5 Dislocation interactions; Peach-Koehler equation; effects on material behavior; Frank-Read sources; observing dislocations (PDF)

TEM of dislocations in Si, source unknown.

Fig. 4.9, 5.1 in Reed-Hill

Fig. 11.1b, 12.2 in Read

Fig. 3.41 in Courtney

Fig. 4.14 in Forwood, C. T., and L. M. Clarebrough. Electron Microscopy of Interfaces in Metals and Alloys. Bristol, England: Adam Hilger, 1991. ISBN: 9780750301169.

6 Crystal structures and their slip systems; dislocation shear stress resolution; using stereographic projections (PDF)

Fig. 11.1b in Read

Fig. 5.27 in Reed-Hill

(PDF)

7 Applying stress; cross-slipping; dislocation locking; jogs and partials (PDF)

Table of stacking fault energies for Ag, Cu, Ni, and Al, source unknown.

Fig. 3.9, 5.3, 5.6, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 7.4, 7.5 in Hull & Bacon

Fig. 6.42a,b in Gottstein, G√ľnter. Physical Foundations of Materials Science. New York, NY: Springer, 2004. ISBN: 9783540401391.

(PDF)

8 More dislocation interactions; Orowan looping; work hardening; polycrystal deformation (PDF)

Fig. 1 in Childs, C. B., and L. M. Slifkin. "Dislocations and nuclear particle tracks in silver chloride crystals." British Journal of Applied Physics 16 (1965): 771-777.

Fig. 4.23 in Courtney

(PDF)

9 Twinning (PDF) (Courtesy of Genevieve Russo, et al. Used with permission.)

Fig. 17.1a, 17.3, 17.5, 17.6, 17.16 in Reed-Hill

Fig. 1a, 2b, 3a in Chen, Mingwei, et al. "Deformation Twinning in Nanocrystalline Aluminum." Science 300 (May 23, 2003): 1275-1277.

(PDF)

10 Heating metals; dislocation climb; recovery; annealing (PDF - 1.6MB) (Courtesy of Danny Codd. Used with permission.)

Fig. 8.5, 8.8, 8.12, 8.13 in Reed-Hill

Fig. 11.1b in Read

11 Annealing; recrystallization; polygonization; coarsening; JMAK analysis

Fig. 1.1a,c,d, 4.9b in Humphreys

Fig. 9.8 in Hosford

12 Recrystallization; nucleation; grain growth; effects of temperature, strain, grain size, impurities (PDF)

Fig. 1.1, 6.4, 6.8a, 6.10a in Humphreys

(This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

13 Review for Exam 1    
14 Exam 1    
15 Alloying and deformation; forces on dislocations (PDF) (Courtesy of Leslie Nachbar. Used with permission.)  
16 Solid solutions; strengthening; annealing; diffusion kinetics (PDF)

Fig. 5.13b,c in Courtney

Fig. 9.12 in Reed-Hill

(PDF)

17 Precipitate hardening; heat treatment; effect of time and temperature on microstructure (PDF)  
18 Precipitate hardening; phase boundaries; mechanisms; size effects (PDF)

Graph of strengthening in nickel via different sizes of Ni3Al precipitates, source unknown.

19 Contributions to precipitate hardening; phase diagrams; kinetics; Ostwald ripening; TTT diagrams (PDF - 1.2MB)

Fig. 4.2c, 4.6 in Fuller, Christian B. "Temporal Evolution of the Microstructures of Al(Sc,Zr) Alloys and Their Influences on Mechanical Properties." Ph.D Thesis, Northwestern University, 2003. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 1.9MB)

Fig. 2 (View Online), 6 (View Online) in "Plate Steels."
Fig. 16 in "Cast Irons."
Fig. 135 in "Aluminum Alloys."
Fig. 31 (View Online) in "Lead and Lead Alloys."
Fig. 52 (View Online) in "Titanium and Titanium Alloys."
Fig. 104 (View Online) in "Copper and Copper Alloys."
Vol. 9, Metallography and Microstructures. ASM Handbook, 9th ed. Materials Park, OH: ASM International, 1985. ISBN: 9780871700155.

Fig. 371, 1047, 2709 in Vol. 7, Atlas of Microstructures for Industrial Alloys. ASM Handbook, 8th ed. Metals Park, OH: ASM, 1972.

(This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

20 Intra-particle stresses; isostrain and isostress; modulus limits; contiguity and percolation (PDF) (Courtesy of Leslie Dewan. Used with permission.)  
21 Introduction to steel; Fe-C phase diagram; phases and microstructures (PDF) (Courtesy of Genevieve Russo. Used with permission.)

Fig. 18.1, 18.2, 18.9, 18.30 in Reed-Hill

Fig. 3 in "Microstructures, Processing, and Properties of Steel." Vol. 1, Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys. ASM Handbook, 10th ed. Materials Park, OH: ASM International, 1990. ISBN: 9780871703774.

Fig. 157 in "Carbon and Alloy Steels." Vol. 9, Metallography and Microstructures. ASM Handbook, 9th ed. Materials Park, OH: ASM International, 1985. ISBN: 9780871700155.
22 Steel properties (PDF)

Fig. 18.2, 18.9, 18.28, 18.30, 19.14, 19.17 in Reed-Hill

Fig. 2, 3, 17 in "Microstructures, Processing, and Properties of Steel." Vol. 1, Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys. ASM Handbook, 10th ed. Materials Park, OH: ASM International, 1990. ISBN: 978-0871703774.

Fig. 107, 157 in "Carbon and Alloy Steels." Vol. 9, Metallography and Microstructures. ASM Handbook, 9th ed. Materials Park, OH: ASM International, 1985. ISBN: 9780871700155.

23 Steel (cont.)   Fig. 18.34, 18.36, 18.37 in Reed-Hill
24 Exam 2    
25 Nanocrystalline metals; properties, dislocations, and grain boundaries; applications (PDF) (Courtesy of Danny Codd. Used with permission.)  
26 Conclusions    

Image Sources

Buy at Amazon Reed-Hill, Robert E., Reza Abbaschian, and Lara Abbaschian. Physical Metallurgy Principles. 4th ed. Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning, 2008. ISBN: 9780495082545.

Buy at Amazon Cullity, B. D., and S. R. Stock. Elements of X-Ray Diffraction. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2001. ISBN: 9780201610918.

Buy at Amazon Courtney, Thomas H. Mechanical Behavior of Materials. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press, 2005. ISBN: 9781577664253.

Read, William T. Dislocations in Crystals. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1953.

Buy at Amazon Hull, Derek, and David J. Bacon. Introduction to Dislocations. Boston, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2001. ISBN: 9780750646819.

Buy at Amazon Humphreys, F. John, and Max Hatherly. Recrystallization and Related Annealing Phenomena. Oxford, England: Pergamon, 1996. ISBN: 9780080426853.

Buy at Amazon Hosford, William F. Physical Metallurgy. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2005. ISBN: 9780824724214.