1 Introduction: What is Social Visualization? Readings

Garton, Haythornthwaite, and Wellman. Studying Online Social Networks.

Freeman, Lin. Visualizing Social Networks.

More Examples

They Rule (Josh On).

September 11 Terror Network and Political Books, Polarized Readers by Valdis Krebs. See also these Ryze and Blog Networks.

Works by Mark Lombardi.

The Sociable Media Group's Social Network Fragments.

Possibly Useful Software

Here is a list of open source graphing software, for those of you who wish to try computational sketching. There are some nice examples with TouchGraph, among others.
2 Social Networks: Foci, Strong and Weak Links Readings on Perception and Design

Buy at Amazon Tufte, Edward R. Envisioning Information. Cheshire, CT: Graphics Press. 1 May 1990. ISBN: 9780961392116.

On color: Jacobsen, and Bender. "Color as a Determined Communication."

Some quick readings on gestalt perception: David Chandler's page on Gestalt Principles and this one by Carlo Pedroza.

Readings on Social Networks

Granovetter. "The Strength of Weak Ties." (PDF - 2.1 MB)

Feld, Scott. "The Focused Organization of Social Ties." (PDF - 2.0 MB)

Adamic, and Adar. How to Search a Social Network. (PDF)

Ravid, and Rafaeli. Asynchronous Discussion Groups as Small World and Scale Free Networks.
3 Basic Design Elements: Using Color, Form and Line Readings

Small, David. "Navigating Large Bodies of Text." IBM Systems Journal 35, no. 3 and 4 (1996).

Donath, Judith. A Semantic Approach to Visualizing Conversations. 2002.

Goodwin, Charles. "Action and Embodiment within Situated Human Interaction." Journal of Pragmatics 32: 1489-522 OR Goodwin, and Heritage. "Conversation Analysis." Annual Review of Anthropology 19: 283-307. (PDF 1 - 2.2 MB) (PDF 2 - 2.8 MB)
4 The Social Structure of Conversations Readings

Lifelines University of Maryland (Plaisant).

Wiki history IBM (Wattenberg and Viegas).

Artifacts of the Presence Era SMG (Donath, Viegas, Perry and Howe).

Map Life Path.
5 Time, Narrative and History Readings

Donath, Judith. A Semantic Approach to Visualizing Online Conversation.

Whittaker, Terveen, Hill, and Cherny. The Dynamics of Mass Interaction. (PDF)

Boyd, Danah, Hyun-Yeul Lee, Daniel Ramage, and Judith Donath. Developing Legible Visualizations for Online Social Spaces. (PDF)

Smith, Marc. Netscan: the interface and a paper (with Andrew Fiore).

Wattenberg, and Millen. Conversation Thumbnails for Large-scale Discussions.

Sack, Warren. Conversation Map and a paper about it.
6 Inhabited Visualizations Readings

Donath, Judith. Visualizing Email. (PDF)

Duchenaut, and Bellotti. Email as Habitat.

Remail Project at IBM.
7 Visualizing Email Required Readings

Buy at Amazon Brilliant, Richard. Chapter 1 in Portraiture. Chicago, IL: Reaktion Books, 1 August 2004. ISBN: 9780948462191.

Id/Entity: Portraits in the 21st Century - also DVD.

Supplementary Readings

From Paradise Now Exhibit Catalog, works by Nancy Burson, Kevin Clarke, Larry Miller, Steve Miller, and G Schneider.

Quinn, Marc. Sir John Sulston: A Genomic Portrait.

Felix Gonzalex-Torres.

Gary Schneider.

Campbell, Jim. Portrait of My Mother, Portrait of My Father.

Diego Goldberg Family Portraits, The Brown Sisters.

Miscellaneous stuff at New Portrait.

Grocery Lists.
8 Data Portraits  
9 Final Project Proposal Presentations Readings

Azar, Beth. What is in a face?

Ecological Face Displays.

Donath, Judith. Mediated Faces (draft). (PDF)

Walker, Sproull, and Subramani. Using a Human Face in an Interface (local copy). (PDF)
10 Visualized Faces Readings

Buy at Amazon Johnson, Mark, and George Lakoff. Metaphors We Live By. 2nd ed. Chicago, IL: University Of Chicago Press, April 15, 1980. ISBN: 9780226468013.

Buy at Amazon Lynch, Kevin. Chapter 1 in The Image of the City. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, June 15, 1960. ISBN: 9780262620017.
11 Spaces, Metaphors and Maps Readings on Augmenting Public Space

Rozier, Karahalios, and Donath. "Here and There: An Augmented Reality System of Linked Audio." 2001. (PDF)

Reckimoto, J., Y. Ayatsuka, and K. Hayashi. "Augmentable Reality: Situated Communication Through Physical and Digital Spaces." ISWC'98. 1998. (PDF)


Readings on Ambient Displays

Redström, Johan, Tobias Skog, and Lars Hallnäs. "Informative Art: Using Amplified Artworks as Information Displays."
12 Visualization as Architecture  
13 Final Project  

Social Visualization

Viégas, Fernanda, Ethan Perry, Ethan Howe, and Judith Donath. "Artifacts of the Presence Era: Using Information Visualization to Create an Evocative Souvenir." To be presented at InfoVis 2004, in Austin, TX. (PDF)

Perry, Ethan, and Judith Donath. "Anthropomorphic Visualization: A New Approach For Depicting Participants in Online Spaces." Short paper, ACM Computer-Human Interaction 2004, Vienna, Austria. (PDF)

Viégas, Fernanda, Danah Boyd, David H. Nguyen, Jeffrey Potter, and Judith Donath. "Digital Artifacts for Remembering and Storytelling: PostHistory and Social Network Fragments." HICSS 2004 (conference paper). (PDF)

Donath, Judith. "A Semantic Approach to Visualizing Online Conversations." Communications of the ACM 45, no. 4 (April 2002).

Borovoy, R., F. Martin, S. Vemuri, M. Resnick, B. Silverman, and C. Hancock. "Meme tags and community mirrors: Moving from conferences to collaboration." In Proceedings of CSCW '98. Seattle, WA: Nov. 1998, pp. 14-19.

Donath, J. "Visual Who." In Proceedings of ACM Multimedia`95. San Franciso, CA: Nov. 5-9, 1995.

Susani, Marco. Mapping conversation.

Minar, Nelson, and Judith Donath. "Visualizing the crowds at a web site." CHI 1999 (short paper).

Xiong, Rebecca, and Judith Donath. "PeopleGarden: Creating data portraits for users." UIST 1999. (PDF - 2.5 MB)

Kerr, Bernard. Thread Arcs.

Smith, Marc. "Netscan: measuring and mapping the social structure of Usenet." In Communities in Cyberspace. London: Routledge (in press), 1998.

Sack, Warren. Conversation Map.

Ben Fry - Activity in the Media Lab Shop.


They Rule (Josh On).

September 11 Terror Network (Valdis Krebs).

Mark Lombardi's works.

Jason Salavon's works (especially flayed figure (male), late night triptych).

Komar and Melamid Most Wanted Paintings.


Related Techniques and Examples

Lumeta Web Map (Bill Cheswick).

Atlas of Cyberspace.

Maps of the World Wide Web.

TextArc (Brad Paley).

Visual Thesaurus (Plumb Design).

Valence and Anemone (Ben Fry).

Hyperbolic Browser (InXight).

Spacenet (Jared Schiffman).

Tamara Munzner.

SequoiaView (Jarke [Jack] Van Wijk).

StarTree Hyperbolic Browser (Ramana Rao, Inxight).

Ahlberg, C., and B. Shneiderman. "Visual information seeking: Tight coupling of dynamic query filters with starfield displays." In Human Factors in Computing Systems CHI '94 Conference Proceedings. 1994, pp. 313-317.

Bederson, B. B., J. D. Hollan, K. Perlin, J. Meyer, D. Bacon, and G. Furnas. "Pad++: A zoomable graphical sketchpad for exploring alternate interface physics." Journal of Visual Languages and Computing 7, no. 1 (March 1996): 3-31.

Bier, E. A., M. C. Stone, K. Pier, W. Buxton, and T. DeRose. "Toolglass and magic lenses: The see-through interface." In Proceedings of SIGGRAPH 93. Anaheim, CA: August 1-6, 1993, pp. 73-80.

Brave, Scott, and Andrew Dahley. "InTouch: a medium for haptic interpersonal communication." Extended Abstracts of CHI'97: Conference on Human Factorsin Computing Systems. ACM Press, 1997, pp. 363-364.

Card, Stuart K., George Robertson, and William York. "The WebBook and the Web Forager: An Information Workspace for the World-Wide Web." In Proceedings of ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI'96). 1996, pp. 111-117.

Dourish, P. "Culture and Control in a Media Space." In Proc. Third European Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work ECSCW'93 (Milan, Italy). Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1993. (PS)

Eick, Stephen G., and Graham J. Wills. "Navigating Large Networks with Hierarchies." In Visualization '93 Conference Proceedings. San Jose, California: October 1993, pp. 204-210, 25-29.

Feiner, S., and C. Beshers. "World within world: Metaphors for exploring n-dimensional virtual worlds." In Proceedings of UIST '90. 1990, pp. 76-83.

Feiner, S., B. MacIntyre, M. Haupt, and E. Solomon. "Windows on the world: 2D windows for 3D augmented reality." In Proc. UIST '93 (ACM Symp. on User Interface Software and Technology). Atlanta, GA: November 3-5, 1993, pp. 145-155.

Furnas, George, and Benjamin Bederson. "Space-scale diagrams: understanding multiscale interfaces." In CHI '95. Conference proceedings on Human factors in computing systems. pp. 234-241.

Hill, W. C., J. D. Hollan, D. Wroblewski, and T. McCandless. "Edit wear and read wear." In Proceedings of CHI `92. 1992, pp. 3-9.

Honkela, Timo, Samuel Kaski, Krista Lagus, and Teuvo Kohonen. "WEBSOM-Self-Organizing Maps of Document Collections." In Proceedings of WSOM'97, Workshop on Self-Organizing Maps. Helsinki University of Technology, Finland: June 4-6, 1997, pp. 310-315.

Ishii, H., and B. Ullmer. "Tangible Bits: Towards Seamless Interfaces between People, Bits, and Atoms." In Proceedings of CHI'97, ACM. March 1997, pp. 234-241.

Kautz, Henry, Bart Selman, and Mehul Shah. "The hidden web." AI Magazine 18, no. 2 (Summer 1997): 27-36.

Munzner, T., and P. Burchard. "Visualizing the Structure of the World Wide Web in 3D Hyperbolic Space." In Proceedings of the VRML '95 Symposium. San Diego, CA: December 13-16, 1995, pp. 33-38.

Rennison, E. "Galaxy of news: An approach to visualizing and understanding expansive news landscapes ." In Proceedings of UIST '94. 1994, pp. 3-12.

Robertson, G. G., S. K. Card, and J. D. Mackinlay. "Information visualization using 3D interactive animation." In Communications of the ACM 36, no.4: 57-71.

Small, David. "Navigating large bodies of text." In IBM Systems Journal 35 no. 3 and 4 (1996).

Perception, Cognition and Design

Buy at Amazon Albers, Josef. Interaction of Color. Revised ed. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, September 10, 1975. ISBN: 9780300018462.

Buy at Amazon Zakia, Richard D. "Art and Visual Perception." In Perception and Imaging. 2nd ed. Boston, MA: Focal Press, December 2001. p. 18. ISBN: 9780240804668.

Buy at Amazon Harris, Robert L. "The Semiology of Graphics." In Information Graphics: A Comprehensive Illustrated Reference. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, December 13, 1999. ISBN: 9780195135329.

Brewster, S. A., P. C. Wright, and A.D.N. Edwards. "An Evaluation of Earcons for Use in Auditory Human-Computer Interfaces." In Proceedings of ACM CHI '93. April 1993, pp. 222-227.

Donath, Judith. "Mediated Faces." Cognitive Technology 2001 (invited paper). (PDF)

Buy at Amazon Nielson, Gregory M., Heinrich Mueller, and Hans Hagen, eds. "Scientific Visualization Overviews, Methodologies and Techniques." IEEE. Washington, DC: Computer Science Press, March 1997, pp. 191-210. ISBN: 9780818677779.

Social Analysis

Milgram, Stanley. "Psychological maps of Paris." In The Individual in a Social World Reading. MA: Addison-Wesley, 1977.

Ibid. The familiar stranger: an aspect of urban anonymity.

Wirth, Lewis. "Urbanism as a way of life." American Journal of Sociology. Reprinted and abridged in editions by LeGates, R. and Stout, F., eds., The City Reader, 1938.

Whyte, William H. "City: Rediscovering the Center." New York: Doubleday, 1988.

Golder, Scott, and Judith Donath. "Social Roles in Electronic Communities." Extended abstract of a paper to be presented at AoIR, 2004.