|2||Scope and Definitions|| Hensel, Paul. "Territory: Theory and Evidence on Geography and Conflict." In What Do We Know About War? Edited by John Vasquez. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2000, pp. 57-84. ISBN: 9780847699261.
Vasquez, John, and Marie T. Henehan. "Territorial Disputes and the Probability of War 1816-1992." Journal of Peace Research 38, no. 2 (2001): 123-138.
Huth, Paul K. Chapter 2 in Standing Your Ground.
Burghardt, Andrew F. "Bases of Territorial Claims." Geographical Review 63, no. 2 (1973): 225-245.
Prescott, J. R. V. Political Frontiers and Boundaries . London, UK: Routledge, 1990, pp. 58-135. ISBN: 9780044459484.
Bradford, Thomas L. "International Boundaries: Lines in the Sand (and the Sea)." In Reordering the World: Geopolitical Perspectives on the Twenty-First Century. 2nd ed. Edited by George J. Demko, and William B. Wood. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1999, pp. 69-93. ISBN: 9780813334059.
Kimura, Masato, and David A. Welch. "Specifying 'interests': Japan's Claim to the Northern Territories and Its Implications for International Relations Theory." International Studies Quarterly 42 (1998): 213-244. [Focus on 216-232].
|3||Sources I: Territoriality, Nationalism and Homelands||Goemans, Henk. "Territoriality, Territorial Attachment and Conflict." In Territoriality and Conflict in an Era of Globalization. Edited by Miles Kahler, and Barbara Walter. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming.
Duffy Toft, Monica. "Indivisible Territory and Ethnic War." Working paper, Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Harvard University, Cambridge, 2001.
Anderson, James. "Nationalist Ideology and Territory." In Nationalism, Self-Determination and Political Geography. Edited by R. J. Johnston, David B. Knight, and Eleonore Kofman. London, UK: Routledge Kegan & Paul, 1988, pp. 18-40. ISBN: 9780709914808.
Murphy, Alexander B. "National Claims to Territory in the Modern State System: Geographical Considerations." Geopolitics 7, no. 2 (2003): 193-214.
Grosby, Steven. "Territoriality: The transcendental primordial feature of modern societiesm." Nations and Nationalism 1, no. 2 (1995): 143-162.
Gellner, Ernest. "Nationalism in the Vacuum." In Thinking Theoretically about Soviet Nationalities. Edited by Alexander J. Motyl. New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 1995, pp. 243-54. ISBN: 9780231075138.
|4||Sources II: Geography, Resources and the State||Dzurek, Daniel. "What Makes Some Boundary Disputes Important?" IBRU Boundary and Security Bulletin 7, no. 4 (1999): 83-95.
Herbst, Jeffrey. Chapters 1-2 in States and Power in Africa.
Liberman, Peter. Does Conquest Pay? The Exploitation of Occupied Industrial Societies. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998, pp. 3-35. ISBN: 9780691002422.
Vanzo, John P. "Border Configuration and Conflict: Geographical Compactness as a Territorial Ambition of States." In A Road Map to War. Edited by Paul F. Diehl. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press, 1998, pp. 73-112. ISBN: 9780826513298.
Spykman, Nicholas J. "Geography and Foreign Policy, I." The American Political Science Review 32, no. 1 (February 1938): 28-50. [esp pp. 28-39].
———. "Geography and Foreign Policy, II." The American Political Science Review 32, no. 2 (April 1938): 213-236. [esp pp. 231-236].
Spykman, Nicholas J. and Abbie A. Rollins. "Geographic Objectives in Foreign Policy, I." The American Political Science Review 33, no. 3 (June 1939): 391-410. [focus on 391-403].
———. "Geographic Objectives in Foreign Policy, II." The American Political Science Review 33, no. 3 (August 1939): 591-614.
Forsberg, Tuomas. "Explaining Territorial Disputes: From Power Politics to Normative Reasons." Journal of Peace Research 33, no. 4 (November 1996): 433-459.
|5||Revisionism, Expansion and Territorial Conflict||Huth, Paul K. Chapter 4 in Standing Your Ground.
Huth, Paul K., and Todd L. Allee. "Domestic Political Accountability and the Escalation and Settlement of International Disputes." Journal of Conflict Resolution 46, no. 6 (December 2002): 754-790. [esp. pp. 768-772].
Snyder, Jack. Chapter 2 in Myths of Empire: Domestic Politics and International Ambition. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1991. ISBN: 9780801425325.
Horowitz, Donald. "Irredentas and Secessions: Adjacent Phenomena, Neglected Connections." In Irredentism and International Politics. Edited by Naomi Chazan. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1991, pp. 9-21. ISBN: 9781555872212.
Weiner, Myron. "The Macedonian Syndrome: An Historical Model of International Relations and Political Development." World Politics 23, no. 4. (July 1971): 665-683.
Van Evera, Steven. "Hypotheses on Nationalism and War." International Security 18, no. 4 (Spring 1994): 5-39.
Cases: Africa and Serbia
Kapil, Ravi L. "On the Conflict Potential of Inherited Boundaries in Africa." World Politics 19, no. 4 (July 1966): 656-673.
Gagnon, V. P., Jr. "Ethnic Nationalism and International Conflict: The Case of Serbia." International Security 19, no. 3 (Winter 1994-95): 130-166.
|6||Anarchy, Power and Territorial Conflict
Cases: Badme and the Gulf Islands
|Huth, Paul K. Chapter 5 in Standing Your Ground.
Huth, Paul K., and Todd L. Allee. "Domestic Political Accountability and the Escalation and Settlement of International Disputes." Journal of Conflict Resolution 46, no. 6 (December 2002): 754-79 [esp pp. 780-783].
Walter, Barbara. "The Intractability of Territorial Conflict." International Studies Review 5, no. 4 (December 2003): 137-153.
Posen, Barry R. "The Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict." Survival 35, no. 1 (1993): 27-47.
Fearon, James D. "Commitment Problems and the Spread of Ethnic Conflict." In The International Spread of Ethnic Conflict: Fear, Diffusion, and Escalation. Edited by David Lake, and Donald Rothchild. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998, pp. 107-126. ISBN: 9780691016900.
Van Evera, Steve. The Causes of War: Power and the Roots of Conflict. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2001, pp. 117-151. ISBN: 9780801482953.
Schroeder, Paul W. "The 19th-Century International System: Changes in the Structure." World Politics 39, no. 1 (October 1986): 1-26.
Cases: Badme and the Gulf Islands
Abbink, J. "Briefing: The Eritrean-Ethiopian Border Dispute." African Affairs 97, no. 389 (October 1998): 551-565.
Mobley, Richard. "Deterring Iran, 1968-71: The Royal Navy, Iran and the Disputed Persian Gulf Islands." Naval War College Review 61, no. 4 (Autumn 2003): 107-119. (PDF)#
|7||Diversion, Domestic Mobilization and Territorial Conflict
Case: The Falklands
|Murphy, Alex. "Historical Justifications for Territorial Claims." Annals of the Association of American Geographers 80, no. 4 (December 1990): 531-548.
Levy, Jack. "Diversionary War Theory: A Critique." In Handbook of War Studies. Edited by Manus I. Midlarsky. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1989, pp. 259-288.
Snyder, Jack. Chapter 2 in From Voting to Violence. New York, NY: Norton, 2000. ISBN: 9780393974812.
Wiegand, Krista E. "Enduring and Escalated Territorial Disputes: Why Settlement is Not Always the Best Strategy." Paper presented at the Triangle Institute for Security Studies New Faces Fifth Annual Conference, Durham, NC, September 10, 2004.
Saideman, Stephen M. "Inconsistent Irredentism? Political Competition, Ethnic Ties, and the Foreign Policies of Somalia and Serbia." Security Studies 7, no. 3 (Spring 1998): 51-93.
Case: The Falklands
Levy, Jack S., and Lily I. Vakili. "Diversionary Action by Authoritarian Regimes: Argentina in the Falklands / Malvinas Case." In The Internationalization of Communal Strife. Edited by M. I. Midlarsky. London, UK: Routledge, 1992, pp. 118-146. ISBN: 9780415084086.
Freedman, Lawrence, and Virginia Gamba-Stonehouse. Signals of War: the Falklands Conflict of 1982. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1991, pp. 3-7, 23-36, and 39-83. ISBN: 9780691023441.
|8||Boundary Management and Territorial Conflict||Blake, Gerald H. "The Objectives of Land Boundary Management." IBRU Boundary and Security Bulletin 6, no. 3 (1998): 55-59.
Jones, Stephen B. Boundary-making: A Handbook for Statesmen, Treaty Editors, and Boundary Commissioners. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Division of International Law, 1945, pp 3-56.
———. "The Description of International Boundaries." Annals of the Association of American Geographers 33, no. 2 (June 1943): 99-117.
Boggs, S. Whittemore. International Boundaries: A Study of Boundary Functions and Problems. New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 1966. ISBN: 9780404009199.
Gavrilis, George. "Policing the Periphery: Security Repertoires and Border Control among Central Asian States, 1991-2003." (unpublished manuscript, University of Texas, Austin, 2004).
Newman, David. "The Functional Presence of an 'Erased' Boundary: The Re-Emergence of the Green Line." In The Middle East and North Africa: World Boundaries. 2 vols. Edited by Clive H. Schoefield and Richard N. Schoefield. London, UK: Routledge, 1994, pp. 71-98. ISBN: 9780415088398.
|9||Settlement I: Empirics
|Huth, Paul K. Chapter 6 in Standing Your Ground.
Huth, Paul K., and Todd L. Allee. "Domestic Political Accountability and the Escalation and Settlement of International Disputes." Journal of Conflict Resolution 46, no. 6 (2002): 754-790 [esp. pp. 773-780].
Hensel, Paul R. "Contentious Issues and World Politics: The Management of Territorial Claims in the Americas, 1816-1992." International Studies Quarterly 45, no. 1 (2001): 81-109.
Kacowicz, Arie Marcelo. "The Problem of Peaceful Territorial Change." International Studies Quarterly 38, no. 2 (June 1994): 219-254.
Chiozza, Giacomo, and Ajin Choi. "Guess Who Did What?: Political Leaders and the Management of Territorial Disputes, 1950-1990." Journal of Conflict Resolution 47, no. 3 (2003): 251-278.
Hassner, Ron. "The Path to Indivisibility: Time and the Entrenchment of Territorial Disputes." Unpublished manuscript, University of California, Berkeley, 2004.
Wild, Patricia. "The Organization of African Unity and the Algerian-Moroccan Border Conflict: A Study of New Machinery for Peacekeeping and for the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes among African States." International Organization 20, no. 1 (Winter 1966): 18-36.
|10||Settlement II: Mechanisms||Herbst, Jeffrey. Chapter 3 in States and Power in Africa.
Zartman, William I. "Ripeness: The Hurting Stalemate and Beyond." In International Conflict Resolution: After the Cold War. Edited by Paul C. Stern and Daniel Druckman. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2000, pp. 225-250. ISBN: 9780309070270.
Simmons, Beth A. "Capacity, Commitment, and Compliance: International Institutions and Territorial Disputes." Journal of Conflict Resolution 46, no. 6 (2003): 829-856.
Fravel, Taylor. "Diversionary Peace: Explaining China's Settlement of Territorial Disputes" (unpublished manuscript, 2004). [skim empirics]
Kumar, Radha. "The Troubled History of Partition." Foreign Affairs. (January-February 1997): 22-34.
Mumme, Stephen P., and Carl Grundy-Warr. "Structuration Theory and the Analysis of International Territorial Disputes: Lessons from an Application to the El Chamizal Controversy." Political Research Quarterly 51, no. 4 (December 1998): 969-985.
|11||The Future of Territorial Conflict||Rosecrance, Richard. "The Rise of the Virtual State: Territory Becomes Passé." Foreign Affairs 75, no.4 (July-August 1996): 45-61.
Brooks, Stephen. "The Globalization of Production and the Changing Benefits of Conquest." Journal of Conflict Resolution 43, no. 5 (1999): 646-670.
Fazal, Tanisha. "State Death in the International System." International Organization 58, no. 2 (April 2004): 311-344.
Zacher, Mark. "The Territorial Integrity Norm." International Organization 55, no. 2 (Spring 2001): 215-50.
|13||Student Presentations (cont.)|