|SES #||TOPICS AND DESCRIPTIONS||READINGS|
|I. Historical and theoretical background|
Japan and the old world orders
Modernizing Japan, imperial Japan, and client Japan. Relations between Japan and the great powers past and present: China, Russia, Great Britain, and the United States.
Suganami, Hidemi. "Japan's Entry into International Society." Chapter 12 in The Expansion of International Society. Edited by Hedley Bull and Adam Watson. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1985. ISBN: 9780198219972.
Japan and old new world orders
Can we derive lessons from the creation of previous world orders? Does IR theory help? How do they each apply to Japanese history?
Jervis, Robert. "Security Regimes." International Organization 36, no. 2 (1982): 357-378.
Alagappa, Muthiah. "International Politics in Asia: The Historical Context." Chapter 2 in Asian Security Practice: Material and Ideational Influences. Edited by Muthiah Alagappa. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1998. ISBN: 9780804733472.
Jervis, Robert. "From Balance to Concert: A Study of International Security Cooperation." In Cooperation Under Anarchy. Edited by Kenneth Oye. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1986, pp. 58-79. ISBN: 9780691022406.
Kindleberger, Charles. "The Rise of Free Trade in Western Europe, 1820-1875." Journal of Economic History 35, no. 1 (1975): 20-55.
Conceiving security, grand strategy, and technology
How are doctrine, technology and national security linked? What is the origin of national security strategy? What is the strategic relationship of the military and civilian economies?
Johnston, Alistair Iain. "Thinking about Strategic Culture." International Security 19, no. 4 (1995): 32-64.
Alagappa, Muthuiah. "Rethinking Security: A Critical Review and Appraisal of the Debate." Chapter 1 in Asian Security Practice: Material and Ideational Influences. Edited by Muthiah Alagappa. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1998. ISBN: 9780804733472.
Brooks, Stephen G. Producing Security: Multinational Corporations, Globalization, and the Changing Calculus of Conflict. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2007, chapters 1-4. ISBN: 9780691130316.
Huntington, Samuel P. "America's Changing Strategic Interests." Survival 33, no. 1 (1991): 3-17.
|II. Inside the Japanese system|
Domestic politics and Japanese security
Domestic institutions of defense policymaking and diplomacy. To what extent do values, norms, and ideas drive strategic choices in Japan? And where do they come from? Do they shape institutions or are they shaped by them?
Katzenstein, Peter J. Cultural Norms and National Security: Police and Military in Postwar Japan. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1996, chapters 2 and 3.
Shibuichi, Daiki. "The Yasukuni Shrine Dispute and the Politics of Identity in Japan: Why All the Fuss?" Asian Survey 45, no. 2 (2005): 197-215.
Wakamiya, Yoshibumi, and Tsuneo Watanabe. "Yasukuni, War Responsibility, and Japan's Diplomacy." Japan Echo 33 (April 2006): 10-15.
Soeya, Yoshihide. "Japan: Normative Constraints versus Structural Imperatives." Chapter 5 in Asian Security Practice: Material and Ideational Influences. Edited by Muthiah Alagappa. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1998. ISBN: 9780804733472.
Green, Michael J. "State of the Field Report: Research on Japanese Security Policy." AccessAsia Review 2, no. 1 (September 1998).
Hughes, Llewelyn. "Why Japan Won't Go Nuclear (yet) — an Examination of the Domestic and International Constraints on the Nuclearization of Japan." International Security 31, no. 4 (2007): 67-96.
Mochizuki, Mike M. "Japan Tests the Nuclear Taboo." Nonproliferation Review 14, no. 2 (2007): 303-328.
Kamiya, Matake. "Nuclear Japan: Oxymoron or Coming Soon?" The Washington Quarterly 26, no. 1 (Winter 2002-2003): 63-75.
Japan's security policy
How have bureaucrats and politicians interacted and how have they maintained control of the Japanese military?
Feaver, Peter E. "The Civil-Military Problematique: Huntington, Janowitz, and the Question of Civilian Control." Armed Forces and Society 23 (1996): 149-178.
Frühstück, Sabine, and B. A. Eyal. "'Now We Show It All!' Normalization and the Management of Violence in Japan's Armed Forces." The Journal of Japanese Studies 28, no. 1 (2002): 1-40.
Watanabe, Tsuneo. "The Bankruptcy of Civil-Military Relations in Japan." NIRA Review, Summer 1996.
Japan's foreign economic policy
What are the instruments and institutions of Japanese foreign economic policy? How are trade and aid linked to security and grand strategy?
Pempel, T. J. "Introduction: Emerging Webs of Regional Connectedness." Chapter 1 in Remapping East Asia: The Construction of a Region. Edited by T. J. Pempel. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2005. ISBN: 9780801489099.
MacIntyre, Andrew, and Barry Naughton. "The Decline of a Japan-Led Model of the East Asian Economy." Chapter 4 in Remapping East Asia: The Construction of a Region. Edited by T. J. Pempel. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2005. ISBN: 9780801489099.
Tsunekawa, Keiichi. "Why So Many Maps There? Japan and Regional Cooperation." Chapter 5 in Remapping East Asia: The Construction of a Region. Edited by T. J. Pempel. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2005. ISBN: 9780801489099.
Tachiki, Dennis. "Between Foreign Direct Investment and Regionalism: The Role of Japanese Production Networks." Chapter 6 in Remapping East Asia: The Construction of a Region. Edited by T. J. Pempel. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2005. ISBN: 9780801489099.
Putnam, Robert. "Diplomacy and Domestic Politics: The Logic of Two-Level Games." International Organization 42, no. 3 (1988): 427-460.
Shaplen, Jason T., and James Laney. "Washington's Eastern Sunset: The Decline of U.S. Power in Northeast Asia." Foreign Affairs 86, no. 1 (2007): 82-97.
Cha, Victor D. "Winning Asia: Washington's Untold Success Story." Foreign Affairs 86, no. 1 (2007): 98-113.
|III. Japan and the world system|
The US alliance: a bilateral view
How do U.S.-Japan bilateral relations shape Japan's strategic choices? How do Japan and the United States balance political, military, economic, and technological interests without one another?
Ina, Hisayoshi. "Implementing the SACO and Revising the SOFA." In The Okinawa Question and the U.S.-Japan Alliance. Edited by Akikazu Hashimoto, Mike Mochizuki, and Kurayoshi Takara. Washington, DC: The Sigur Center for Asian Studies, 2005, pp. 41-50. ISBN: 9780976528302.
Armitage, Richard, et al. "The United States and Japan: Advancing Toward a Mature Partnership." INSS Special Report. Washington, DC: Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University, 2000. (PDF)
Clemons, Steven C. "The Armitage Report: Reading Between the Lines." JPRI Occasional Paper, no. 20. San Francisco, CA: Japan Policy Research Institute, University of San Francisco, February 2001.
Price, John. "A Just Peace? The 1951 San Francisco Peace Treaty in Historical Perspective." JPRI Working Paper, no. 78. San Francisco, CA: Japan Policy Research Institute, University of San Francisco, February 2001.
China, Korea, and Southeast Asia: the regional view
From the Guam to the Fukuda to the Koizumi Doctrines and beyond. Japanese relations with its neighbors. Collective security and confidence building in Northeast, East and Southeast Asia. The rise of China, the Northern Territories, Korean Unification, the DPRK.
Pinkston, Daniel A., and Kazutaka Sakurai. "Japan Debates Preparing for Future Preemptive Strikes against North Korea." The Korean Journal of Defense Analysis 18, no. 4 (2006): 95-121.
Mochizuki, Mike M. "Japan's Shifting Strategy Toward the Rise of China." The Journal of Strategic Studies 30, no. 4-5 (2007): 739-776.
"Japan's Comprehensive China Strategy." PHP Report, February 2008. (PDF)
Jervis, Robert. "Cooperation Under the Security Dilemma." World Politics 30, no. 2 (1978): 167-214.
Kang, David. "Getting Asia Wrong." International Security 27, no. 4 (2003): 57-85.
Tanaka, Akihiko. "Global and Regional Geostrategic Implications of China's Emergence." Asian Economic Policy Review 1, (2006): 180-196.
Alagappa, Muthiah, ed. Chapters on National Security Strategies in China, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore in Asian Security Practice: Material and Ideational Influences. Edited by Muthiah Alagappa. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1998. ISBN: 9780804733472.
Vaughn, Bruce, et al. "U.S. Strategic and Defense Relationships in the Asia -Pacific Region." CRS Report for Congress, January 22, 2007.
Jones, David Martin, and Michael L. R. Smith. "Making Process, Not Progress: ASEAN and the Evolving East Asian Regional Order." International Security 32, no. 1 (2007): 148-184.
Japan's global role
Japan and the United Nations, ODA. The Gulf War, UN peacekeeping, anti-terrorism campaign, and Iraq. Resource diplomacy.
Hughes, Christopher W. "Japan's Reemergence as a "Normal" Military Power." Adelphi Paper 368-9. London, UK: Institute for International Strategic Studies, 2004.
Mochizuki, Mike M. "Japan Tests the Nuclear Taboo." Nonproliferation Review 14, no.2 (2007): 303-328.
Advisory Group on Defense Issues, ed. "The Modality of the Security and Defense Capability of Japan: The Outlook for the 21st century." Tokyo, August 1994. (Note: This group was appointed by former Prime Minister Hosokawa to review Japan's strategic posture after the Cold War. Its report was completed after Prime Minister Hosokawa left office.)
|IV. Analysis and prognostication|
|10||Briefings/scenarios (bilateral)||No readings|
|11||Briefings/scenarios (regional)||No readings|
|12||Briefings/scenarios (global)||No readings|