This section includes instructions for the essays and response papers.
We have seen that historians today often prefer the term "industrialization" to the older term "Industrial Revolution," principally because "revolution" implies a single, rapid change, while "industrialization" suggests a more gradual and complex process.
That said, was industrialization revolutionary?
In a 5-8 page essay, use specific evidence from the first six sessions of readings and lectures to answer this question. Be sure to specifically identify the changes you are discussing, when they occurred, to whom or what, and make sure you clearly state your argument.
For most Americans, the energy crisis of the 1970s struck swiftly, impacting their view of the economy, authority, and politics. But as we have seen, the roots of the energy crisis are deep.
Question: Was the 1970s energy crisis inevitable or avoidable?
In a 5-8 page essay, use specific evidence from the second half of this course to answer this question. Be sure to cite your sources (try to have at least one citation per paragraph, if not more!), and be sure your argument is clearly stated.
The weekly response paper is an exercise in clarity and analysis. In a page or two, you are asked to address some theme, topic, or question you've found in the week's reading. Despite this assignment's short length and open-endedness, it is sometimes difficult to figure out exactly what to write about.
There is no magic formula. The idea is to engage critically with the readings and to prepare your reactions for class discussion. While reading the assigned books and articles, try to come up with at least two or three substantive questions. You may use one or more of these questions in your response paper, and be prepared to share these observations in class.
Many writers find it far more challenging to write a short piece than an indefinitely long one. On the other hand, structure provides freedom! That is to say, practicing writing in a single format makes it increasingly easy to write in that format.
Here are some guidelines to help you: