Food and Power in the Twentieth Century

U.S. Food Administration poster, Circa 1918.  The poster shows a woman clad in an American flag, with arms extended.

Be patriotic. Sign your country's pledge to save the food. Artist: Paul Stahr. Circa 1918. U.S. Food Administration poster. (Image courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division [reproduction number, LC-USZC4-4824 (color film copy transparency)].)

Instructor(s)

MIT Course Number

STS.429

As Taught In

Spring 2005

Level

Graduate

Cite This Course

Course Description

In this class, food serves as both the subject and the object of historical analysis. As a subject, food has been transformed over the last 100 years, largely as a result of ever more elaborate scientific and technological innovations. From a need to preserve surplus foods for leaner times grew an elaborate array of techniques – drying, freezing, canning, salting, etc – that changed not only what people ate, but how far they could/had to travel, the space in which they lived, their relations with neighbors and relatives, and most of all, their place in the economic order of things. The role of capitalism in supporting and extending food preservation and development was fundamental. As an object, food offers us a way into cultural, political, economic, and techno-scientific history. Long ignored by historians of science and technology, food offers a rich source for exploring, e.g., the creation and maintenance of mass-production techniques, industrial farming initiatives, the politics of consumption, vertical integration of business firms, globalization, changing race and gender identities, labor movements, and so forth. How is food different in these contexts, from other sorts of industrial goods? What does the trip from farm to table tell us about American culture and history?

Fitzgerald, Deborah. STS.429 Food and Power in the Twentieth Century, Spring 2005. (MIT OpenCourseWare: Massachusetts Institute of Technology), http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/science-technology-and-society/sts-429-food-and-power-in-the-twentieth-century-spring-2005 (Accessed). License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA


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