|Week 1: Introduction|
|Week 2: Project Introduction and Start Up|
|2||Community Planning Project Introduced|
|3||Discussion of Client Project. Project Teams Formed|
|Week 3: Planning for Growth and Zoning Controls|
|4||Land Use Planning and Regulation - An Overview||Kaiser, Edward J., and David R. Godschalk. "Twentieth Century Land Use Planning: A Stalwart Family Tree." Journal of the American Planning Association 61, 3 (Summer 1995): 365-384. A positive assessment.
Popper, Frank J. "Understanding American Land Use Regulation Since 1970." Journal of the American Planning Association 54, 3 (Summer 1988): 291-301.
A good overview of the evolution of the system.
Jacobs, Harvey M. "Fighting over Land: America's Legacy…America's Future?" Journal of the American Planning Association 65, 2 (Spring 1999): 141-149.
Teitz, Michael B. "Reflections and Research on the U.S. Experience." In The Profession of City Planning: Changes, Images, and Challenges 1950 - 2000. Edited by Lloyd Rodwin, and Bish Sanyal. New Brunswick, N.J.: Center for Urban Policy Research, Rutgers, 2000, pp. 275-304.
|5||Zoning Controls - The Basics||Frank, S., and Judith Getzels, eds. "Zoning." Chap. 15 of The Practice of Local Government Planning. Washington, D.C.:International City Management Association in cooperation with the American Planning Association, 1979, pp. 416-443.
Richard Babcock's concise look at the evolution of zoning.
Knack, Ruth Eckdish. "Return to Euclid." Planning (May 1997): 4-8.
Foster, Kelleann, et. al. "Zoning on the Line." Planning (Nov 1996): 10-13.
Garvin, Alexander. "Land Use Regulations." Chapter 16 in The American City: What Works, What Doesn't. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996, pp. 356-372.
Nice history of zoning in New York City, and good illustrations of bulk and density controls.
Thomas, June Manning, and Marsha Ritzdorf, eds. "The Racial Origins of Zoning." Part One of Urban Planning and the African American Community: In the Shadows. Edited by Christopher Silver. Sage Publications, 1997, pp. 23-42.
If time permits, skim through another reading from this text shown below:
Ritzdorf, Marsha. Locked Out of Paradise: Contemporary Exclusionary Zoning, the Supreme Court, African Americans, 1970 to the Present. Pp. 43-57.
This entire book has been placed on reserve at Rotch Library.
|Week 4: Making a Plan: Where to Begin?|
|6||Plan-Making at the Community Level||Neuman, Michael. "Does Planning Need the Plan?" Journal of the American Planning Association 64, 2 (Spring 1998): 208-220.
Baer, William C. "General Plan Evaluation Criteria: An Approach to Making Better Plans." Journal of the American Planning Association 63, 3 (Summer 1997): 329-344.
"Would you know a good plan if you saw one?"
Selected plans successfully used by a communities will be placed on reserve at the Rotch Library. (Skim through to get a general sense of plan content and organization.) Phil Herr, former instructor of the class, and a distinguished consulting planner, will share his experience about this subject.
|7||Imaging Needham Center and its Streets||Lynch, Kevin. "The Image of the Environment." Chap. 1 in Image of the City. Cambridge, MA: The Technology Press and Harvard University Press, 1960, pp. 1-13.
Jacobs, Allan B. "Making Great Streets." Chap. 4 in Great Streets. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993, pp. 269-308.
|Week 5: Growth Management and Growth Rate Controls|
|8||State and Regional Planning Mandates versus Home Rule||Callies, David L. "The Quiet Revolution Revisited: A Quarter Century of Progress." Chap. 2 in Modernizing State Planning Statues: The Growing Smart Working Papers. Planners Advisory Service, Report No. 462/463, American Planning Association, 1996, pp. 19-26.
An overview of the approach in ten states.
Burby, Raymond J., et. al. "Is State-Mandated Planning Effective?" Land Use Law 45, 10 (Oct 1993): 3-9.
Herr, Philip B. "The Cape Cod Village: An Endangered Species." Changing Cities. Spring 1992, pp. 7- 9, 53.
The former instructor of this course offers insights about the unintended consequences of the regulatory provisions of the Cape Cod Commission regional growth management model.
Flint, Anthony. "Bourne Panel at Odds on Project." Boston Globe (22 July 2001): B1 and B4.
Debate over regional review issues for local project with major impact.
Knack, Ruth Eckdish. "Go Badgers, Fight Sprawl." Planning (May 1997): 14-17.
Regional plan stirs concerns in townships.
Alexander, Frank S. "Inherent Tensions Between Home Rule and Regional Planning." Wake Forest Law Review. Winston-Salem, Fall 2000, pp. 539-561.
The Georgia experience.
Wheeler, Stephen M. "The New Regionalism: Characteristics of an Emerging Movement." Journal of the American Planning Association 68, 3 (Summer 2002): 267-278.
Armando Carbonell, former Executive Director of the Cape Cod Commission will join the class to discuss the challenge of regional planning amidst a strong "home rule" culture.
|9||The Growth Management System and Growth Controls: Local and Regional Issues||Chinitz, Benjamin. "Good for the Town, Bad for the Nation?" Journal of the American Planning Association 56, 1 (Winter 1990): 3-8.
Some interesting questions and arguments are advanced. Is the conclusion surprising?
Fischel, William A. "Growth Management Reconsidered: Good for the Town, Bad for the Nation?" Journal of the American Planning Association 57, 3 (Summer 1991): 341-344.
The debate continues.
Nelson, Arthur C., and James B. Duncan, et. al. "The Purposes of Growth Management." Chap. 1 in Growth Management Principles and Practices. Chicago, IL: Planners Press, American Planning Association, 1995, pp. 1-18.
This book has been placed on reserve at the Rotch Library. Several copies of this chapter are also on reserve.
DeGrove, John M., et. al. Balanced Growth: A Planning Guide for Local Government. Washington, D.C.: International City Management Association (ICMA), 1991. From Part 1, Growth Management Policy, "Growth Management: Past, Present, Future," Elizabeth A. Deakin, pp. 3-10., and "Fifteen Ways to Make Growth Management Work," Nancy Alexander, pp. 11-17.
Calavita, Nico. "Vale of Tears." Planning (March 1997): 18-21.
A critical assessment of growth control measures in San Diego.
Salkin, Patricia E. "Barriers to Affordable Housing: Are Land Use Controls the Scapegoat?" Land Use Law & Zoning Digest 45, 4 (April 1993): 3-7.
Nelson, Arthur C., and David R. Peterman. "Does Growth Management Matter? The Effect of Growth Management on Economic Performance." Journal of Planning Education and Research (Spring 2000): 277-285.
Keene, John C. "Social Equity and Metropolitan Growth." Planning for a New Century: The Regional Agenda. Edited by Jonathan Barnett. Washington D.C.: Island Press, 2001, pp. 49-62.
Pendall, Rolf. "Local Land Use Regulation and the Chain of Exclusion." Journal of the American Planning Association 66, 2 (Spring 2000): 125-142.
|Week 6: Visioning, Zoning Innovations|
|10||Visioning||Klein, Bill. "Citizen Participation: Whose Vision is It?" Agenda for America's Communities. American Planning Association, May 1993, pp. 1-12.
Naylor, Amy R. "Citizen Participation in Brunswick, Maine." Planners' Casebook. American Planning Association, Spring 1994, pp. 1-8.
A non-traditional approach to involving citizens in the Planning Process.
Shipley, Robert, and Ross Newkirk. "Visioning: Did Anybody See Where it Came From?" Journal of Planning Literature 12, 4 (May 1998): 407-414.
Useful cautions and questions.
Tauxe, Caroline S. "Marginalizing Public Participation in Local Planning: An Ethnographic Account." Journal of the American Planning Association 61, 4 (Autumn 1995): 471-481.
Bureaucratic norms and the need for cultural sensitivity.
Barrett, Judi. Project Manager, Community Opportunities Group, will discuss the challenge of facilitating and managing a public visioning process.
|11||Zoning Innovations||Hinshaw, Mark. "Rezone or Dezone?" Planning (June 2000): 4-9. Time to overhaul the system.
Porter, Douglas R., Patrick L. Phillips, and Terry J. Lassar. "Introduction to Flexible Zoning." Chap. 1 in Flexible Zoning and How It Works. Washington: The Urban Land Institute, 1988, pp. 3-14.
An overview and model application of performance zoning.
Jaffe, Martin. "Performance Zoning: A Reassessment." Land Use Law 45, 3 (March 1993): 3-9.
While focused on legal and regulatory issues, this evaluation of actual applications offers important "real world" lessons.
DeGrove, John M., et. al. Balanced Growth: A Planning Guide for Local Government. Washington, D.C.: International City Management Association (ICMA), 1991. From Part 2, Growth Management Techniques, "TDRs: An Innovative Approach to Growth Management, Barbarina Heyerdahl, pp. 63-65.
Garvin, Alexander."Land Use Regulations." Chap. 16 in The American City: What Works, What Doesn't. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996, pp. 372-381.
(See sections on Incentives and Special Districts.)
Morris, Marya. Incentive Zoning: Meeting Urban Design and Affordable Housing Objectives. Chicago, IL: Planners Advisory Service, Report No. 494, American Planning Association, 2000.
Legal issues, urban design and affordable housing topics discussed in reference to incentive zoning. Skim text for general content.
Kendig, Lane, Susan Connor, Cranston Byrd, and Judy Heyman. "The Concept of Performance Zoning." Part One in Performance Zoning. Washington, D.C.: Planners Press, American Planning Association, 1980, pp. 3-50.
If you have any free time, perusal of this book in its entirety is worthwhile. It has been placed on reserve at the Rotch Library.
Porter, Douglas R., ed. Performance Standards for Growth Management. Chicago, IL: Planners Advisory Service, Report No. 461, American Planning Association, 1996. Chapter 2: "Performance Standards and Point Systems in Western Communities," William Davidson, pp. 7-12; and Chapter 5: "Leveraging Growth Management with APFOs," William E. Baumgaertner et. al., pp. 23-30.
This report has been placed on reserve at the Rotch Library.