Readings

SES # TOPICS READINGS
1 Introduction and Overview  
Theme A: Traditional Approaches to Using Scientific and Technical Information in Natural Resource Management and Environmental Policy-Making
2 The Role of Science in Society

Guest Participants

Dr. Carl Shapiro, Science Impact Program Coordinator, U.S. Geological Survey
Dr. Stanley Ponce, Senior Liaison for Interagency Programs and Science Partnerships, U.S. Geological Survey
Buy at Amazon Kellert, S. R. The Value of Life: Biological Diversity and Human Society. Washington, DC: Island Press, 1995, chapters 1 and 2, pp. 3-34. ISBN: 1559633174.

Kendler, H. H. "Should scientists remain objective?" Science 301 (2003): 310-311.

Buy at Amazon Layzer, J. A. The Environmental Case: Translating Values into Policy. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2006, pp. 1-9. ISBN: 1568028989.

Buy at Amazon Miller, A. Environmental Problem Solving. New York, NY: Springer, 1999, pp. 1-18. ISBN: 0070276862.
3 The Evolution of Science in Societal Decision-Making - An Historical Perspective

Guest Lecturer

Dr. David Laws, Environmental Policy Group, MIT
Clark, W. C., F. Alcock, N. M. Dickson, N. Eckley, D. H. Guston, J. J├Ąger, and R. B. Mitchell. "Knowledge systems for sustainable development." Proceedings National Academies of Science 100, no. 14 (2003): 8086-8091.

Clark, F., and D. Illman. "Dimensions of civic science: introductory essay." Science Communication 23, no. 1: 5-27.

Lubchenko, J. "Entering the century of the environment: a new social contract for science." Science 279 (1998): 491-497.

Buy at Amazon McKinney, M., and W. Harmon. The Western Confluence. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2004, chapter 3, pp. 57-62. ISBN: 1559639636.

Buy at Amazon Sarewitz, D., and R. A. Pielke, Jr. "Prediction in science and policy." In Prediction: Science, Decision Making and the Future of the Nation. Edited by D. Sarewitz, R. A. Pielke, Jr., and R. Byerly, Jr. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2000, pp. 11-21. ISBN: 1559637765.

Buy at Amazon Zachary, G. Pascal. Endless Frontier. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999, pp. 1-8 as background. ISBN: 9780262740227.

Bush, V. "Science the endless frontier: A report to the President by Vannevar Bush, director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development." July 1945. (Skim this report as background)
4 The Role of Science in Environmental Policy-Making Bierbaum, R. "The role of science in federal policy development on a regional to global scale." Estuaries 25, no. 4B (2002): 878-885.

Kemmis, D. "Science's role in natural resource decisions." Issues in Science and Technology Online, Summer 2002.

Buy at Amazon McKinney, M., and W. Harmon. The Western Confluence. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2004, chapter 3, pp. 63-89. ISBN: 1559639636.

Adler, P. S., R. C. Barrett, M. C. Bean, J. E. Birkoff, C. P. Ozawa, and E. B. Rudin. "Managing scientific and technical information in environmental cases: principles and practices for mediators and facilitators." 2000, pp. 5-21. (PDF)

Beratan, Kathi, and Herman Karl. "Managing the Science-Policy Interface in a Complex and Contentious World - A Discussion." In editorial review.
Theme B: Collaborative Approaches for Using Science in Societal Decision-Making
5 Introduction to Collaborative Processes for Science-Intensive Resource and Environmental Policy Decisions

Guest Participant

Dr. Stephen Light, Co-editor, "Barriers and Bridges to the Renewal of Ecosystems and Institutions"
Buy at Amazon Gunderson, L. H., C. S. Holling, and S. S. Light, eds. "What Barriers? What Bridges?" Chapter 1 in Barriers and Bridges to the Renewal of Ecosystems and Institutions. New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 1995, pp. 3-34. ISBN: 0231101023.

Buy at Amazon ———. "The Everglades: evolution of management in a turbulent system." Chapter 3 in Barriers and Bridges to the Renewal of Ecosystems and Institutions. New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 1995, pp. 103-168. ISBN: 0231101023. (Read as background).

Leshner, A. I. "Public engagement with science." Science 299 (2003): 977.

Buy at Amazon Wondolleck, J. M., and S. L. Yaffee. "Building Bridges to a Sustainable Future." Chapter 1 in Making Collaboration Work: Lessons from Innovation in Natural Resources Management. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2000, pp. 3-21. ISBN: 1559634626.
6 Collaborative Processes for Science-Intensive Resource and Environmental Policy Decisions (cont.) Buy at Amazon McKinney, M., and W. Harmon. The Western Confluence. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2004, chapter 4, pp. 95-119. ISBN: 1559639636.

Buy at Amazon Walker, G. B., and S. E. Daniels. "Natural resource policy and the paradox of public involvement - bringing scientists and citizens together." In Understanding Community-based Forest Ecosystem Management. Edited by G. J. Gray, M. J. Enzer, and J. Kusel. New York, NY: The Haworth Press, Inc., 2001, pp. 253-269. ISBN: 1560220813.

Buy at Amazon Wondolleck, J. M., and S. L. Yaffee. "Focusing on the Problem in New and Different Ways." Chapter 7 in Making Collaboration Work: Lessons from Innovation in Natural Resources Management. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2000, pp. 119-137. ISBN: 1559634626.
7 Collaborative Approaches - Joint Fact Finding

Guest Participant

Patrick Field, Managing Director, Consensus Building Institute
Buy at Amazon Ehrman, J. R., and B. L. Stinson. "Joint fact finding and the use of technical experts." In The Consensus Building Handbook. Edited by L. Susskind, S. McKearnan, and J. Thomas-Larmer. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc., 1999, pp. 375-399. ISBN: 0761908447.

McCreary, S. T., J. K. Gamman, and B. Brooks. "Refining and testing joint fact-finding for environmental dispute resolution: ten years of success." Mediation Quarterly 18, no. 4.

Scarlett, P. L. "Joint fact-finding: the interface of science, policy, and communities." Unpublished paper presented to the U.S. Geological Survey, January 2004.

Buy at Amazon Andrews, C. J. "Preface," "Joint Fact Finding," "Lessons Learned," and "Elements of a Successful Joint Fact Finding." In Humble Analysis: The Practice of Joint Fact Finding. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002, chapters 1, 16, and 17, pp. 3-16, 165-176, and 177-186. ISBN: 0275975886.
8 Collaborative Learning and the Role of the Citizen Buy at Amazon Daniels, S. E., and G. B. Walker. Working Through Environmental Conflict: The Collaborative Learning Approach. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2001, chapters 1 and 6, pp. 1-13, and 97-106. ISBN: 0275964736.

Buy at Amazon Fischer, F. Citizens, Experts, and The Environment. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2000, pp. 5-46. ISBN: 0822326221.
9 The Role of the Citizen - Local and Indigenous Knowledge Amengual, M. "Incorporating local knowledge into joint fact finding." MUSIC working paper, 2003.

Kusel, J., S. C. Doak, S. Carpenter, and V. E. Sturtevant. "The role of the public in adaptive ecosystem management: in Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project." In Assessments and Scientific Basis for Management Options. Vol. II. Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project Final Report to Congress No. 37, July 1996, pp. 611-624.

Buy at Amazon Gunderson, L. H., and C. S. Holling, eds. "Back to the future, ecosystem dynamics and local knowledge." Chapter 5 in Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2001, pp. 121-146. ISBN: 1559638575. (Skim.)

Smith, M. E. "Chaos, consensus and common sense." The Ecologist 25, no. 2/3: 80-85.

Adler, P. S., and J. E. Birkhoff. Building Trust: When Knowledge from 'here' meets Knowledge from 'away'. The National Policy Consensus Center, Portland, OR, pp. 1-16. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)
10 Collaborative Approaches to Adaptive Management, Adaptive Governance, and Ecosystem Based Management Buy at Amazon Brunner, R. D., T. A. Steelman, L. Coe-Juell, C. M. Cromley, C. M. Edwards, and D. W. Tucker. Adaptive Governance: Integrating Science, Policy, and Decision Making. New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 2005, chapter 1, pp. 1-46. ISBN: 0231136250.

Buy at Amazon Gunderson, L. H., and C. S. Holling, eds. Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2001, chapters 1 and 2, pp. 3-62. ISBN: 1559638575. (Skim.)
Theme C: Challenges and Barriers to the New Emerging Role of Science in Contemporary Society
11 Challenges to New Role of Science

Guest Participant

Dr. Jeffrey Lovich, Acting Director, USGS Southwest Biological Science Center
Gloss, S. P., J. E. Lovich, and T. S. Melis, eds. "Overview," and "Lessons from 10 years of adaptive management in the Grand Canyon." In The State of the Colorado River Ecosystem in the Grand Canyon. U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1282 (2005): 1-16 and 207-220.

Buy at Amazon National Research Council. "Challenges to effective use of science in making and implementing coastal policy." Chapter 3 in Science, Policy, and the Coast: Improving Decisionmaking. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1995, pp. 27-62. ISBN: 0309053390.

Turner, C. E. "An experience in John Day, Oregon: the need for USGS agenda-less science in collaborative partnerships." Internal USGS report, Washington, DC, 2003.

Buy at Amazon Wondolleck, J. M., and S. L. Yaffee. "Ensuring Accountability." Chapter 13 in Making Collaboration Work: Lessons from Innovation in Natural Resources Management. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2000, pp. 229-245. ISBN: 1559634626.

Lovich, Jeffrey E., and Theodore S. Melis. "The State of Natural and Cultural Resources in the Colorado River Ecosystem (SCORE) Report." Grand Canyon Monitoring and Research Center. USGS Southwest Biological Science Center, Flagstaff, AZ, 2005. (PDF - 6.7 MB)
12 Challenges to New Role of Science (cont.)

Examination of Changing Culture within USGS and Changing Role of USGS with Context of a Changing Society as a Case Study
Buy at Amazon National Research Council. Future Roles and Opportunities for the U.S. Geological Survey. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2001, pp. 1-36. ISBN: 0309083648.

Campbell, Lindsey. "Barriers to USGS scientists' participation in collaborative research and decision-making." Student paper, MIT, 2005.

"Handbook on Cascading GPRA Goals." U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington, DC, 2004.

"Core Competency Model for Managers: Relevance of Competency Metrics On-Line Survey Results." U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, DC, July 2005.

"Core Competency Model for Managers." U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, DC, July 2005.
13 Preliminary Student Presentations  
14 Last Day of Class