|1||Introduction to water and sanitation development|
|2||Basic concepts, water rich / water poor, and pictoral tour of global water and sanitation|| |
Millennium Development Goals, The World Bank Group.
United Nations Development Programme. Human Development Report 2006 — Beyond Scarcity: Power, Poverty and the Global Water Crisis. New York, NY: United Nations Development Programme, 2006, chapter 1. ISBN: 9780230500587.
World Health Organization and UNICEF. Meeting the MDG Drinking Water and Sanitation Target: A Mid-term Assessment Report. New York, NY: World Health Organization and United Nations Children's Fund, 2004. ISBN: 9789241562782. (PDF - 1.8 MB)
World Health Organization and UNICEF. Water for Life — Making It Happen. New York, NY: World Health Organization and UNICEF, 2005. ISBN: 9789241562935. (PDF - 1.9 MB)
Lenton, R., A. M. Wright, and K. Lewis. Health, Dignity, and Development: What Will It Take? New York, NY: United Nations Development Program, 2005. ISBN: 9781844072194.
A utility's pro-poor approach in Bangalore's slums
Guest lecture: Genevieve Connors, Urban Development Sector Unit, East Asia and Pacific Region, World Bank
Connors, Genevieve. "When Utilities Muddle Through: Pro-poor Governance in Bangalore's Public Water Sector." Environment and Urbanization 17, no. 1 (2005): 201-218.
Water and Sanitation Program. Connecting the Slums: A Utility's Approach in Bangalore. New Delhi, India: Water Sanitation Programme South Asia, 2006.
Esrey, S. A., R. G. Feachem, and J. M. Hughes. "Interventions for the Control of Diarrhoeal Diseases among Young Children: Improving Water Supplies and Excreta Disposal Facilities." Bulletin of the World Health Organization 63, no. 4 (1985): 757-772. (PDF - 1.0 MB)
Colford, John, Jr., and Lorna Fewtrell. "Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: Interventions and Diarrhoea: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis." Health, Nutrition and Population Discussion Paper, World Bank, 2004.
"Technical Brief No. 52: Water — Quality or Quantity?" Waterlines 22, no. 4 (2004): 15-18.
|4||Water, sanitation and hygiene-related diseases|
|5||Sources of water and water supply planning|| |
Howard, Guy, and Jamie Bartram. Domestic Water Quantity, Service Level and Health. World Health Organization, 2003.
|6||Water quality and simple water quality field testing demo|| |
World Health Organization. Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality. 3rd edition, vol. 1. Recommendations. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 2004, chapters 1, 2, 3, 4 and 7. ISBN: 9789241546386.
Ngai, T., S. Murcott, R. Shrestha, B. Dangol, and M. Maharjan. "Development and Dissemination of Kanchan™ Arsenic Filter in Rural Nepal." Water, Science and Technology: Water Supply 6, no. 3 (2006): 137-146.
|7||Decentralized household water treatment and safe storage|| |
World Health Organization. Combating Waterborne Disease at the Household Level. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 2007, ISBN: 978921595223.
Nath, K. J., S. Bloomfield, and M. Jones. Household Water Storage, Handling and Point-of-use Treatment. International Scientific Forum on Home Hygiene, 2006, pp. 5 and 24-29. (PDF - 1.6 MB)
Murcott, S. Implementation, Critical Factors and Challenges to Scale-Up of Household Drinking Water Treatment and Safe Storage Systems. Background Paper on Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage (HWTS), 2006. (PDF). Also available through the USAID Hygiene Improvement Project.
Clasen, Thomas, and Sandy Cairncross. "Editorial: Household Water Management: Refining the Dominant Paradigm." Tropical Medicine and International Health 9, no. 2 (2004): 187-191.
Wright, Jim, Stephen Gundry, and Ronan Conroy. "Household Drinking Water in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review of Microbiological Contamination between Source and Point-of-use." Tropical Medicine and International Health 9, no. 1 (2004): 106-117.
Gundry, Stephen, Ronan Conroy, and Jim Wright. "A Systematic Review of the Health Outcomes Related to Household Water Quality in Developing Countries." Journal of Water and Health 2 (2004): 1-13. (PDF)
Sobsey, Mark. Managing Water in the Home: Accelerated Health Gains from Improved Water Supply. World Health Organization, 2002.
Centralized water treatment: MWRA and Beijing
Guest lecture: Joshua Das, Massachusetts Water Resources Authority
Postel, Sandra. "Aquatic Ecosystem Protection and Drinking Water Utilities." Journal of the American Water Works Association 99, no. 2 (2007): 52-63.
Sewage collection systems
Guest lecture: Earthea Nance, Virginia Tech
Paul, Samuel. "Accountability in Public Services: Exit, Voice and Control." World Development 20, no. 7 (1992): 1047-1060.
Budds, Jessica, and Gordon McGranahan. "Are the Debates on Water Privatization Missing the Point? Experiences from Africa, Asia and Latin America." Environment and Urbanization 15, no. 2 (2003): 87-113.
Davis, J., et al. "Local Government: Kerala, India." In Good Governance in the Water and Sanitation Sector: Experience from South Asia. New Delhi, India: Water and Sanitation Program. 2001.
NOTE: If you are unfamiliar with international aid agencies like the World Bank, you will also find the following Web sites useful: The World Bank Group (click on "About" in the top left corner); The World Bank and International Monetary Fund (start with the Questions and Answers link).
Lovei, L., et al. "Rent-Extracting Behavior by Multiple Agents in the Provision of Municipal Water Supply: A Study of Jakarta, Indonesia." Water Resources Research 29, no. 7 (1993): 1965-1974.
Davis, J. "Corruption in Public Services: Experience from South Asia's Water and Sanitation Sector." World Development 32, no. 1 (2004): 53-71.
Regmi, S., and B. Fawcett. "Integrating Gender Needs into Drinking-water Projects in Nepal." Gender and Development 7, no. 3 (1999): 62-72.
Evolution of W&S: supply vs. demand
Garn, H. Lessons from Large-scale Rural Water and Sanitation Projects: Transition and Innovation. Washington, DC: The World Bank, 1997.
McPhail, A. "The 'Five Percent Rule' for Improved Water Service: Can Households Afford More?" World Development 21, no. 6 (1993): 963-973.
"Willing to Pay but Unwilling to Charge: Do Willingness-to-pay Studies Make a Difference?" Water and Sanitation Program, 1999.
Birdsall, Nancy, and John Nellis. "Winners and Losers: Assessing the Distributional Impact of Privatization." World Development 31, no. 10 (2003): 1617-1633.
Balanyá, Belén, Brid Brennan, Olivier Hoedeman, Satoko Kishimoto, and Philipp Terhorst. Reclaiming Public Water: Achievements, Struggles and Visions from Around the World. Transnational Institute and Corporate Europe Observatory, 2005. ISBN: 9789071007101.
|10||Sanitation history, centralized wastewater treatment, and reuse|| |
Okun, Daniel A. "From Cholera to Cancer to Cryptosporidiosis." Journal of Environmental Engineering 122, no. 6 (1996): 453-458.
Harleman, D., and S. Murcott. "An Innovative Approach to Urban Wastewater Treatment in the Developing World." Water 21: Magazine of the International Water Association (June 2001).
Parker, D. S., J. Barnard, G. T. Daigger, R. J. Tekippe, and E. J. Wahlberg. "The Future of Chemically Enhanced Primary Treatment: Evolution Not Revolution." Water 21: Magazine of the International Water Association (June 2001).
Harleman, D., and S. Murcott. "Rebuttal by Harleman and Murcott to Parker et al. Discussion Paper: 'The Future of Chemically Enhanced Primary Treatment: Evolution Not Revolution.'" Water 21: Magazine of the International Water Association (June 2001).
Water and sanitation financing
Guest lecture: Prof. Peter Rogers, Harvard University
Rogers, Peter, Radhika de Silva, and Ramesh Bhatia. "Water as an Economic Good: How to Use Prices to Promote Equity, Efficiency and Sustainability." Water Policy 4 (2002): 1-17.
Rogers, Peter, Ramesh Bhatia, and Annette Huber. "Water as a Social and Economic Good: How to Put Principle into Practice." Technical Advisory Committee, Global Water Partnership. TAC Background Paper No. 2, 1998.
Cutler, David, and Grant Miller. "The Role of Public Health Improvements in Health Advances: The Twentieth-Century United States." Demography 42, no. 1 (2005): 1-22.
Hutton, Guy, and Laurence Haller. "Evaluation of the Costs and Benefits of Water and Sanitation Improvements at the Global Level." Water, Sanitation, and Health, Protection of the Human Environment, World Health Organization, Geneva, 2004. (PDF)
Davis, Jennifer. 11.479 Tutorial 1: Principles of Microeconomics. (PDF) (Courtesy of Jennifer Davis. Used with permission.)
McPhail, Alexander. "The 'Five Percent Rule' for Improved Water Service: Can Households Afford More?" World Development 21, no. 6 (1993): 963-973.
Whittington, Dale, Subhrendu Pattanayak, Jui-Chen Yang, and K. C. Bal Kumar. "Household Demand for Improved Piped Water Services: Evidence from Kathmandu, Nepal." Water Policy 4 (2002): 531-536.
Pattanayak, Subhrendu, Jui-Chen Yang, Dale Whittington, and K. C. Bal Kumar. "Coping With Unreliable Public Water Supplies: Averting Expenditures by Households in Kathmandu, Nepal." Water Resources Research 41 (2005).
Whittington, Dale, Donald Lauria, Vimalanand Prabhu, and Joe Cook. "An Economic Reappraisal of the Melamchi Water Supply Project - Kathmandu, Nepal." Portuguese Economic Journal 3 (2004): 157-178.
Whittington, Dale. "Municipal Water Pricing and Tariff Design: A Reform Agenda for South Asia." Water Policy 5 (2003): 61-76.
On-site excreta disposal
Guest lecture: Brian Robinson (with Susan Murcott)
|Pickford, John. Low-Cost Sanitation: A Survey of Practical Experience. London, UK: Immediate Technology Publications, 1995, chapters 4, 5, 8, and 9. ISBN: 9781853392337.|