Course overview, different perspectives from the instructors
Transport modes and characteristics (speed, capacity, LOS, external impacts...)
Energy use at MIT, "Walking the Talk"
(Optional, to be read after this first class.)
UTP: Chapter 3 (pp. 89-96, 98-105), and Chapter 7 (pp. 390-400, 412- 425).
MIT Energy Research Council. "Walking the Talk." Report of the Energy Research Council. MIT, Cambridge, MA. May 3, 2006, chapter 5. (PDF - 2.4 MB)
Hockfield, Susan. Speech in "Opening Remarks: Overview of the Energy Research Report." 00:00-15:19. MIT, Cambridge, MA. May 3, 2006.
Heywood, John. Speech in "Energy for a Rapidly Evolving World." 33:28-47:07. MIT, Cambridge, MA. May 3, 2006.
Transportation planning as a tool for urban design
Traffic calming: Design and implementation
UTP: Chapter 1.
Thumbnail history of Boston transportation and analysis of historical developments: Interstate system, aviation, rail and transit
The planning method
UTP: Chapter 2.
Cameron, I., T. J. Lyons, and J. R. Kenworthy. "Trends in Vehicle Kilometers of Travel in World Cities, 1960-1990: Underlying Drivers and Policy Responses." Transport Policy 11, no. 3 (2004): 287-298.
Kenworthy, Jeffrey R., and Felix B. Laube. "Patterns of Automobile Dependence in Cities: An International Overview of Key Physical and Economic Dimensions with Some Implications for Urban Policy." Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 33, no. 7-8 (1999): 691-723.
Transportation and land use — chicken and egg
The transit challenge
National Cooperative Highway Research Program. "Behavioral Framework." Chapter 3 in Land Use Impacts of Transportation: A Guidebook. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1999, pp. 89-112. ISBN: 9780309063159.
Southworth, Michael, and Eran Ben-Joseph. "Street Standards and the Shaping of Suburbia." Journal of the American Planning Association 61, no. 1 (1995): 65-81.
Gordon, Peter, and Harry Richardson. "Are Compact Cities a Desirable Planning Goal?" Journal of the American Planning Association 63, no. 1 (1997): 95-106.
Ewing, Reid. "Is Los Angeles-style Sprawl Desirable?" Journal of the American Planning Association 63, no. 1 (1997): 107-124.
Transportation Research Board. Transit-Oriented Development in the United States: Experiences, Challenges, and Prospects. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board, 2004, Chapters 1, 6, 10, and 20. ISBN: 9780309087957. (PDF - 11.4 MB)
Highway revolt. Resurgence of transit. Was the revolt a rebellion or a revolution? Discussion of emerging transportation issues and strategic planning model to "map" different approaches.
Gakenheimer, Ralph. Transportation as Response to Controversy — The Boston Case. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1976, chapters 1, 7, and 11.
Salvucci, Frederick P. "Some observations on the recent 25-year history of the metropolitan Boston transportation system, the legacy of the 1970 Boston Transportation Planning Review: what we should expect from ISTEA, and some new directions which may prove interesting." Paper prepared for the Boston Conference on Shaping the Accessible Region.
Quantitative methods: GIS, 4-Step model, traffic models, NEPA
UTP: Chapter 5.
Beimborn, Edward, Rob Kennedy, William Schaefer, Citizens for a Better Environment, and Environmental Defense Fund. Inside the Blackbox: Making Transportation Models Work for Livable Communities. Milwaukee, WI: Citizens for a Better Environment, 1996.
UTP: Chapter 7 (optional).
Wachs, M. "Forecasting versus Envisioning: A New Window on the Future." In Symposium: Putting the Future in Planning. Journal of the American Planning Association 67, no. 4 (2001): 365-372.
Transit and parking policy
Employment policies, housing finance, tax code
Transportation and industrial policy
McDonald, John M. "Parking on Campus: It's Really a Numbers Game." MIT Faculty Newsletter 14, no. 3 (2002): 26-27.
Environmental concerns: Air quality, energy consumption, global warming
NEPA, environmental review
Infrastructure sufficiency analysis
UTP: Chapter 3, Section 3.2.
Transportation Research Board. Expanding Metropolitan Highways: Implications for Air Quality and Energy Use. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, 1995, pp. 1-33. ISBN: 9780309061070.
Marshall, Stephen, and David Banister. "Travel Reduction Strategies: Intentions and Outcomes." Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 34, no. 5 (2000): 321-338.
Cervero, Robert. "Induced Travel Demand: Research Design, Empirical Evidence, and Normative Policies." Journal of Planning Literature 17, no. 1 (2002): 3-20.
Spending other people's money — what are the rules? Economic evaluation. financial evaluation, programming, fiscal constraint, job generation, industrial policy, constituencies, Jack Sprat, and organization choices.
UTP: Chapter 9, pp. 565-570, 586-590.
Taylor, B. "The Geography of Urban Transportation Finance." In The Geography of Urban Transportation. 3rd ed. Edited by Susan Hanson and Genevieve Giuliano. New York, NY: The Guilford Press, 2004, pp. 294-331. ISBN: 9781593850555.
Wachs, Martin. "Local Option Transportation Taxes: Devolution as Revolution." Access 22 (Spring 2003): 9-15.
Downs, Thomas. "Is There a Future for the Federal Surface Transportation Program?" Journal of Transportation Engineering 131, no. 6 (2005): 393-396.
Cost-effectiveness, prioritization, institutional roles
MPOs and modal agencies
FHWA system completion method
Guest lecturers: Laurie Hussey and Tom Rossi, Cambridge Systematics Inc.; Astrid Glynn, Massachusetts office of Commonwealth development
UTP: Chapter 8, pp. 483-523.
Transportation Research Board. Consideration of the 15 Factors in the Metropolitan Planning Process: A Synthesis of Highway Practice. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, 1995. ISBN: 9780309058537.
Schrank, David, and Tim Lomax. The 2005 Urban Mobility Report. College Station, TX: Texas Transportation Institute, 2005.
Ewing, Reid. "Measuring Transportation Performance." Transportation Quarterly 49, no. 1 (1995): 91-104.
Intelligent transportation systems
Infrastructure reconstruction. Operations and maintenance
Airport access and international access
Lessons Learned — U.S. Department of Transportation
Gomez-Ibanez, Jose A. "The Political Economy of Highway Tolls and Congestion Pricing." Transportation Quarterly 46, no. 3 (1992): 343-360.
Vickrey, William. Principles of Efficient Congestion Pricing. 1992.
Small, Kenneth. "Unnoticed Lessons from London: Road Pricing and Public Transit." Access 26 (Spring 2005): 10-15. (PDF)
Deloitte Research. "Combating Gridlock: How Road User Pricing Can Ease Congestion." 2003.
Transport for London. "Central London Congestion Charging — Impacts Monitoring: Fourth Annual Report." 2006. (PDF)
Holistic approach to transportation and land use.
Course evaluations and wrap-up
Information on Mikel's IAP modeling workshop
|None (work on final assignment)|