Readings

WEEK # TOPICS READINGS
1 Water for life: Commons, commodity, nature/culture

Postel, Sandra. "Water for Life." Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 7, no. 2 (2009): 63.

"Guiding Principles." The Dublin Statement on Water and Sustainable Development. International Conference on Water and the Environment, 1992.

2 Water, history, and culture

Amazon logo Cech, Thomas V. "Historical Perspective of Water Use and Development." Chapter 1 in Principles of Water Resources: History, Development, Management, and Policy. Wiley, 2002. ISBN: 9780471438618. [Preview with Google Books]

Amazon logo Gordon, David M. "From Sacred Ownership to Colonial Commons: Water Tenure Systems in Central Africa." Chapter 2 in A History of Water: Volume III: The World of Water. Edited by Terje Tvedt and Terje Oestigaard. I. B. Tauris, 2006, pp. 18–37. ISBN: 9781850434474.

Amazon logo Worster, Donald. "Water in the Age of Imperialism — and Beyond." Chapter 1 in A History of Water: Volume III: The World of Water. Edited by Terje Tvedt and Terje Oestigaard. I. B. Tauris, 2006, pp. 5–17. ISBN: 9781850434474.

3 Water resources: The physical system, weather, and climate

Amazon logo Cech, Thomas V. "The Hydrologic Cycle, Climate, and Weather." Chapter 2 in Principles of Water Resources: History, Development, Management, and Policy. Wiley, 2002. ISBN: 9780471438618. [Preview with Google Books]

Postel, Sandra L., Gretchen C. Daily, et al. "Human Appropriation of Renewable Fresh Water." Science 271, no. 5250 (1996): 785–8.

Water law

United Nations Economic and Social Council. "The Right to Water." Article 11–12 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 2002.

"Water and Sanitation Become Human Rights, Albeit Turbidly." The Lancet 376, no. 9739 (2010): 390.

Amazon logo Pennington, Karrie Lynn, and Thomas V. Cech. "Water Allocation Law." Chapter 12 in Introduction to Water Resources and Environmental Issues. Cambridge University Press, 2010. ISBN: 9780521869881.

Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. "A Landmark Decision to Make the Right to Water and Sanitation Legally Binding." United Nations, October 6, 2010.

4 Field trip 1: Water power - Lowell National Historical Park

Francis, James B. Preface 1 in Lowell Hydraulic Experiments. 4th ed. D. Van Nostrand, 1883. [Preview with Google Books]

———. "Experiments Upon the Tremont Turbine: Introduction." Chapter 1 in Lowell Hydraulic Experiments. 4th ed. D. Van Nostrand, 1883, pp. 1–7.[Preview with Google Books]

"Alstom to Supply Equipment to Guanyinyan Hydroelectric Dam in China." Electric Light & Power, POWERGRID International, and Utility Products (2010).

"Improvements in Energy Efficiency, Historic Preservation in Park." Official Lowell Park Newspaper, 2011. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 3.1MB)

Amazon logo Malone, Patrick M. Chapters 1 and 2 in Waterpower in Lowell: Engineering and Industry in Nineteenth-Century America. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009. ISBN: 9780801893063. [Preview with Google Books]

"Boott: General Information." Enel Green Power.

jich3. "Appleton Mill Water Wheel Part 1." March 25, 2008. YouTube. Accessed October 26, 2011.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=efZfa8w7VNg.

Water management

Milly, P. C. D., Julio Betancourt, et al. "Stationarity is Dead: Whither Water Management?" Science 319, no. 5863 (2008): 573–4.

Hardin, Garrett. "The Tragedy of the Commons." Science 162, no. 3859 (1968): 1243-8.

Amazon logo Pennington, Karrie Lynn, and Thomas V. Cech. "Roles of Federal, Regional, State and Local Water Management Agencies." Chapter 13 in Introduction to Water Resources and Environmental Issues. Cambridge University Press, 2010. ISBN: 9780521869881.

5 China's Three Gorges Dam Controversy

Amazon logo Gleick, Peter H. "Three Gorges Dam Project, Yangtze River, China." In The World's Water 2008–2009. Island Press, 2008. ISBN: 9781597265058. [Preview with Google Books]

Qing, Dai. "The Struggle to Publish Yangtze! Yangtze! In China." Chapter 1 in Yangtze! Yangtze!. Probe International (2009).

Yongchen, Wang. "Murky Waters Stain China's Booming Hydro Industry," Global Times, February 18, 2011.

Select one essay from:

The Big Dam Debate and the Three Gorges Project. Edited by Susan Murcott. Special Issue of Boston Society of Civil Engineers: Civil Engineering Practice 12, no. 1 (1997).

Amazon logo Economy, Elizabeth C. "The New Politics of the Environment." Chapter 5 in The River Runs Black: The Environmental Challenge to China's Future. Cornell University Press, 2004. ISBN: 9780801442209.

Dams, reservoirs, and hydropower

Amazon logo Pennington, Karrie Lynn, and Thomas V. Cech. "Dams and Reservoirs." Chapter 10 in Introduction to Water Resources and Environmental Issues. Cambridge University Press, 2010. ISBN: 9780521869881.

Richter, Brian D., Sandra Postel, et al. "Lost in Development's Shadow: The Downstream Human Consequences of Dams." Water Alternatives 3, no. 2 (2010): 14–42. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 1.3MB)

6 Water scarcity

United Nations. "Water Scarcity, Risk, Vulnerability." Chapter 4 in Beyond Scarcity: Power, Poverty, and the Global Water Crisis. Human Development Report, 2006. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 1.6MB)

Amazon logo Palaniappan, Meena, and Peter H. Gleick. "Peak Water." Chapter 1 in The World's Water 2008–2009. Island Press, 2008. ISBN: 9781597265058. [Preview with Google Books]

Rogers, Peter. "Facing the Freshwater Crisis." The Scientific American, August 2008.

Water pollution

Amazon logo Carson, Rachel. "A Fable for Tomorrow." Chapter 1 in Silent Spring. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2002. ISBN: 9780618249060. [Preview with Google Books]

Amazon logo ———. "Surface Waters and Underground Seas." Chapter 4 in Silent Spring. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2002. ISBN: 9780618249060. [Preview with Google Books]

Amazon logo Cech, Thomas V. "Water Quality." Chapter 10 in Principles of Water Resources: History, Development, Management, and Policy. Wiley, 2002. ISBN: 9780471438618. [Preview with Google Books]

United Nations Children's Fund. "The Effects of Poor Water Quality." Chapter 2 in UNICEF Handbook on Water Quality. UNICEF, 2008, pp. 4–44. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 1.0MB)

Water and energy: Hydraulic fracturing

Zeller Jr., Tom. "E.P.A. Considers Risks of Gas Extraction," New York Times, July 23, 2010.

Urbina, Ian. "Regulation Lax as Gas Wells' Tainted Water Hits Rivers," New York Times, February 26, 2011.

———. "Wastewater Recycling No Cure-All in Gas Process," New York Times, March 1, 2011.

American Petroleum Institute. "Hydraulic Fracturing Operations - Well Construction and Integrity Guidelines." API HF1, October 2009. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 2.0MB)

Lustgarten, Abrahm. "Buried Secrets: Is Natural Gas Drilling Endangering U.S. Water Supplies?" ProPublica, November 13, 2008.

7 Field trip 2: Cambridge Water Treatment Plant

City of Cambridge. "Water Operations Division." Cambridge Water Division.

Amazon logo Davis, Mackenzie L., and David A. Cornwell. "Water Treatment." Chapter 4 in Introduction to Environmental Engineering. 4th ed. McGraw Hill, 2006. ISBN: 9780072424119.

Water, sanitation, hygiene (WASH)

United Nations Development Program. "Ending the Crisis in Water and Sanitation." Chapter 1 in Human Development Report, 2006. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 1.3MB)

WHO and UNICEF. Progress on Sanitation and Drinking-Water, 2010 Update. WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation, 2010. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 12.6MB)

Roy, Nilanjana S. "Improving Women's Status, One Bathroom at a Time," New York Times, March 15, 2011.

"Clean Water for Better Health." American.gov, Photo Gallery.

McConnell, Kathryn. "Safe Water Means Better Health in Ghana, Cambodia." America.gov (2011).

8 WASH and Pure Home Water's story and factory update Nelson, Theresa C., Cynthia Ingols, et al. "Susan Murcott and Pure Home Water: Building a Sustainable Mission-Driven Enterprise in Northern Ghana." Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 35, no. 6 (2011).
Water and climate change

Amazon logo Cooley, Heather. "Water Management in a Changing Climate." Chapter 3 in The World's Water 2008-2009. Edited by Peter H. Gleick. Island Press, 2008. ISBN: 9781597265058. [Preview with Google Books]

Kundzewicz, Zbigniew W., Luis José Mata, et al. "Freshwater Resources and their Management." Chapter 3 in Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, 2007. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 3.6MB)

Core Writing Team. Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2007. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 4.0MB)

Chen, Zhuocheng, Stephen E. Grasby, et al. "Relation Between Climate Variability and Groundwater Levels in Upper Carbonate Aquifer, Southern Manitoba, Canada." Journal of Hydrology 290, no. 1–2 (2004): 43–62.

9 Water conflict and cooperation

United Nations Development Program. "Managing Transboundary Water." Chapter 6 in Human Development Report, 2006. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 1.0MB)

Montenegro, Maywa. "The Truth About Water Wars." SEED Magazine, May 14, 2009.

Gleick, Peter. "Water Conflict Chronology." Pacific Institute.

Amazon logo Draper, Stephen E., ed. "Water Allocation Strategies." Section 5 in Sharing Water in Times of Scarcity. American Society of Civil Engineers, 2006. ISBN: 9780784408469. [Preview with Google Books]

Zhang, David D., Peter Brecke, et al. "Global Climate Change, War, and Population Decline in Recent Human History." Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 104, no. 49 (2007): 19214–9.

Watersheds, landscape and urban design; Adaption through policy planning, management, and economic tools

Amazon logo Pennington, Karrie Lynn, and Thomas V. Cech. "Watershed Basics." Chapter 5 in Introduction to Water Resources and Environmental Issues. Cambridge University Press, 2010. ISBN: 9780521869881.

Philadelphia Water Department. Green City, Clean Waters: Summary Report. Amended on June 1, 2011. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 4.5MB)

Kounkey Design Initiative (KDI) Blog

Kdiharvard. "Kounkuey Design Inititative. Productive Public Space." October 29, 2007. YouTube. Accessed November 1, 2011.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MVJ9v9Umwoo

10 Adaption: Integrated water resources management

"What is IWRM?" Global Water Partnership.

Grigg, Neil S. "Integrated Water Resources Management: Balancing Views and Improving Practice." Water International 33, no. 3 (2008): 279–92.

Wolf, Aaron T., Shira B. Yoffe, et al. "International Waters: Identifying Basins at Risk." Water Policy 5, no. 1 (2003): 29–60.

McDonnell, Rachael A. "Challenges for Integrated Water Resources Management: How Do We Provide the Knowledge to Support Truly Integrated Thinking." International Journal of Water Resources Development 24, no. 1 (2008): 131–43.

Read one example:

UNESCO. "Good Examples." Chapter 5 in IWRM Guidelines at River Basin Level, Part 2–1. UNESCO 2009, pp. 59–168. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 11.1MB)

Sadoff, Claudia W., and David Grey. "Cooperation on International Rivers." Water International 30, no. 4 (2005): 420–7. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

Vorosmarty, C. J., P. B. McIntyre, et al. "Global Threats to Human Water Security and River Biodiversity." Nature 467 (2010): 555–61.

Pahl-Wostl, Claudia. "Transitions Toward Adaptive Management of Water Facing Climate and Global Change." Water Resources Management 21 (2007): 49–62. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

11 Ecological waterscapes

"Active, Beautiful, Clean Waters: Design Guidelines." Public Utilities Board, Singapore, 2009. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 16.1MB)

European Union. "Public Participation in Relation to the Water Framework Directive." Guidance Document No. 8. Water Framework Directive, 2003. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 3.3MB)

12 Protecting water: Green roofs, rainwater harvesting, and waste stabilization ponds

Amazon logo Ludwig, Art. "Thinking About Water." Chapter 1 in Water Storage. Oasis Design, 2005. ISBN: 9780964343368.

Amazon logo ———. "Ways to Store." Chapter 2 in Water Storage. Oasis Design, 2005. ISBN: 9780964343368.

Varon, Miguel Ricardo Pena. "Water Stabilization Ponds for Wastewater Treatment." International Water and Sanitation Centre, 2003.

Minke, Gernot. "Inclined Green Roofs - Ecological and Economical Advantages, Passive Heating and Cooling Effect." CESB07 Prague: Proceedings International Conference 'Central Europe towards Sustainable Building, 2007. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

xantilli8. "Babilonia Water Tower." April 23, 2011. YouTube. Accessed November 1, 2011.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wqRXleK69Y8

Water footprint

Pabich, Wendy J. Hydrophilia (blog).

Woelfle-Erskine, Cleo, Berit Anderson, et al. "6 Simple Ways to Bring the Water Revolution Home." Yes!, May 27, 2010.

Amazon logo Hoekstra, A. Y., and A. K. Capagain. "Water Footprints of Nations: Water Use by People as a Function of Their Consumption Pattern." In Integrated Assessment of Water Resources and Global Change. Edited by Eric Craswell, Mike Bonnell, et al. Springer, 2007. ISBN: 9781402055904. [Preview with Google Books]

Aldaya, Maite M., Pedro Martinez-Santos, et al. "Incorporating the Water Footprint and Virtual Water into Policy: Reflections from the Mancha Occidental Region, Spain." Water Resource Management 24 (2010): 941–58. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 1.2MB)

Falkenmark, Malin, and Johan Rockstrom. "The New Blue and Green Water Paradigm: Breaking New Ground for Water Resources Planning and Management." Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management 132, no. 3 (2006): 129–32. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 1.6MB)

Aldaya, Maite M., and A. Y. Hoekstra. "The Water Needed for Italians to Eat Pasta and Pizza." Agricultural Systems 103, no. 6 (2010): 351–60.

13 Water, food security, and agriculture

Amazon logo Falkenmark, Malin. "Shifts in Thinking to Address the 21st Century Hunger Gap." In Integrated Assessment of Water Resources and Global Change. Edited by Eric Craswell, Mike Bonnell, et al. Springer, 2007. ISBN: 9781402055904. [Preview with Google Books]

"Summary." In Water for Food, Water for Life. Edited by David Molden. International Water Management Institute, 2007. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 3.8MB)

Molden, David, Jean-Marc Faures, et al. "Setting the Scene." Chapter 1 in Water for Food, Water for Life. Edited by David Molden. International Water Management Institute, 2007. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

Molden, David, Karen Franken, et al. "Trends in Water and Agricultural Development." Chapter 2 in Water for Food, Water for Life. Edited by David Molden. International Water Management Institute, 2007. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF - 3.0MB)

United Nations "Water Competition in Agriculture." Chapter 5 in Beyond Scarcity: Power, Poverty, and the Global Water Crisis. Human Development Report, 2006. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

Field trip #3: New Charles River Dam and Massachusetts Dams

Yount, Scot. "Officials Keep Close Eye on Upper Mystic River Dam in Arlington, Mass." New England Cable News, March 30, 2010.

"Mystic River Dam Rehabilitation Project." Mystic River Watershed Association.

14 Student presentations; Water visions: The next 50 years Amazon logo Postel, Sandra. "In Harmony with Earth's Water Cycle." Chapter 21 in The Way We Will Be 50 Years from Today. Edited by Mike Wallace. Thomas Nelson, 2008. ISBN: 9780849903700. [Preview with Google Books]