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Survival of the fittest; selection based on alleles that give an individual a more fit phenotype. Speciation.
Mapping humans based on genetic diversity. Support for Out-of-Africa theory for and human movement through time.
Use of DNA alignment as evolutionary chronometers. Determine relationships between organisms/phylogeny based on similarities in DNA sequence. Example: 16S rRNA genes.
Various mechanisms of evolution on a population and molecular level.
Definitions and descriptions of various processes involved in evolution such as the Bottleneck Effect.