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The following readings were used in the creation of this course. Readings were optional and supplementary to the course.
Webb, Stephen. If the Universe is Teeming with Aliens...Where Is Everybody? Fifty Solutions to Fermi's Paradox and the Problem of Extraterrestrial Life. New York, NY: Springer, 2002. ISBN: 9780387955018.
Bostrom, Nick. The Simulation Argument.