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Thermometric properties defined with examples; celsius, fahrenheit, kelvin scales defined.
Equation for linear expansion; coefficients for 5 common substances; example of railroads; demonstration of expansion.
Example and calculation of expansion properties; use in thermostats; demonstration.
Bimetals in thermometers, coils, and heating systems.
Derivation from linear expansion, with example; mercury in thermometers.
Definition; demonstration of the opposite.
Explanation of why ice floats, and its effects on pond ecology and skating.
Temperature defined; equipartition assumption defined; heat defined; temperature and thermal equilibrium; Zeroth law of thermodynamics defined; processes (heat, work) vs. state variables (temperature); first law of thermodynamics defined; heat, work, and internal energy; specific heat defined.
Definition of a thermodynamic cycle; finding work and heat for each leg of a thermodynamic cycle; isothermal cycle; reversibility of a cycle; heat engines and efficiency, with equation; efficiency of an isothermal cycle; maximum thermodynamic efficiency and Carnot limit; refrigerators and heat pumps; second law of thermodynamics defined.
Heat and temperature defined; concept of state variable defined; heat, work, and the first law of thermodynamics; thermodynamic cycles; heat engines and efficiency; carnot limit; second law of thermodynamics defined.
Finding heat and power for water heating up.