Students will take away from this class the foundational concepts that led to the way the US organizes its science and technology mission agencies, and review alternative models that led to more connected science systems.
The class will start with a review of key organizational developments in science, technology and health federal support, focusing on the organizational models for the missions of those science-support organizations. Potential strengths of government-supported R&D (selection neutrality and long-range focus) as well as concerns (peer review tending toward incremental progress not breakthroughs and isolation from application connections) will be discussed. The pre-WWII organization will be briefly noted, then the transformation of science during WWII under Vannevar Bush and Alfred Loomis, and the creation of the Office of Naval Research and the National Science Foundation after the war.
The review will focus on the overall organizational structure and as part of that note the following developments:
Innovation at the Institutional Level: The Organization of Federal Science Support (PDF – 1.3MB)
Bonvillian, William B. "Power Play – The DARPA Model and U.S. Energy Policy." The American Interest 11 (November/December 2006): 39-48.
Hart, David. Forged Consensus. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998. ISBN: 9780691026671. [Preview with Google Books]
Stokes, Donald E. Pasteur's Quadrant, Basic Science and Technological Innovation. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1997, pp. 1-25, 45-57, and 58-89. ISBN: 9780815781776. [Preview with Google Books]
Ruttan Vernon W. Is War Necessary for Economic Growth? Military Procurement and Technology Development. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2006, pp. 21-31, 91-111, and 115-129. ISBN: 9780195188042. [Preview with Google Books]