Framing an artifact has four purposes:

  1. Analyze the key components
  2. Point out rhetorical moves that we can use in our own writing
  3. Make connections (if possible) with other texts we have read
    • How does this text shed light on previous texts? How does it give new insights into previous texts? How does it disagree or agree with previous texts?
  4. Spark discussion with insightful questions & provocative quotations from the text

These artifacts were each assigned to one or two students to frame according to the guidelines above.

1 Roberts–Miller, Trish. This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader."Understanding Misunderstandings: How to do a Rhetorical Analysis." (PDF) 2008.
2 Campbell, Karlyn Kohrs. "An Exercise in the Rhetoric of Mythical America." In Critiques of Contemporary Rhetoric. Wadsworth Publishing, 1972, pp. 50–58. ISBN: 9780534001353.

Hill, Forbes. "Miscellany The Forum." Quarterly Journal of Speech 58, no. 4 (1972): 451–64.


Campbell, and Jamison. "Inaugural Addresses." In Presidents Creating the Presidency: Deeds Done in Words. University Of Chicago Press, 2008. ISBN: 9780226092218.


Ware, B. Lee, and Wil A. Linkugel. "They Spoke in Defense of Themselves: On the Generic Criticism of Apologia." Quarterly Journal of Speech 59, no. 3 (1973): 273–83.


Wieman, Henry Nelson, and Otis M. Walter. "Toward an Analysis of Ethics for Rhetoric." Quarterly Journal of Speech 43, no. 3 (1957): 266–70.


McCroskey, James C. "Ethics and Rhetorical Communication." In An Introduction to Rhetorical Communication. Routledge, 2005. ISBN: 9780205453511.

8 Zarefsky, David. "Plenary Address: Reclaiming Rhetoric's Responsibilities." In The Responsibilities of Rhetoric. Waveland Press Incorporation, 2009, pp. 13–24. ISBN: 9781577666233.
9 Burkey, Kenneth. "The Rhetoric of Hitler's 'Battle'." In Readings in Rhetorical Criticism. Edited by Carl R. Burgchardt. Strata Publishing Company, 1955. ISBN: 9780963448927.

Hahn, Dan F. "Myths and Metaphors." In Political Communication: Rhetoric, Government, and Citizens. 2nd ed. Strata Publishing Company, 2002. ISBN: 9781891136085.


Lakoff, George, and Mark Johnson. "Concepts We Live By." In Metaphors We Live By. University of Chicago Press, 2003. ISBN: 9780226468013.


St. Amant, Kirk., and Timothy D. Giles. "Review of Motives for Metaphor in Scientific and Technical Communication." Journal of Business and Technical Communication 24, no. 4 (2010): 540–3.


Engels, Jeremy, and William O. Saas. "On Acquiescence and Ends–less War: An Inquiry into the New War Rhetoric." Quarterly Journal of Speech 99, no. 2 (2013): 225–32.

14 Arts Fish, Stanley. "Introduction: 'That's Not Fair.'" In There's No Such Thing As Free Speech: And It's a Good Thing, Too. Oxford University Press, 1993. ISBN: 9780195080186. [Preview with Google Books]
15 Schwenk, Kurt. "Aristotle's Ghost," Creative Nonfiction No. 19, March 2002.