[RR] = Buy at Amazon Feinberg, Joel, and Russ Shafer-Laundau. Reason and Responsibility. 14th ed. Wadsworth Publishing, 2010. ISBN: 9781439046944.

Note: The two sets of page numbers given for articles from Reason and Responsibility refer to the 13th/14th editions. Occasionally an article appears in only one of these two editions of the text.

1 Existence of God

St. Anselm. "The Ontological Argument." From Proslogium. [RR], pp. 6/20.

Gaunilo of Marmoutiers. "On Behalf of the Fool." [RR], pp. 8/21.

Rowe, Wm. "The Ontological Argument." [RR], pp. 11/25.

2 Problem of evil

Dostoevsky, Fyodor. "Rebellion." From The Brothers Karamazov. [RR], pp. 72/86.

Johnson, B. C. "God and the Problem of Evil." [RR], pp. 97/113.

Schlesinger, G. "The Problem of Evil and the Problem of Suffering." [RR], p. 86. American Philosophical Quarterly 1, no. 3 (1964): 244-248.

Buy at Amazon Russell, Bruce. "The Problem of Evil: Too Much Suffering." In Introduction to Philosophy. 3rd ed. Edited by Louis P. Pojman. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2004. ISBN: 9780195171501.

3 Pascal's wager

Pascal, Blaise. "The Wager." [RR], pp. 119/135.

Blackburn, Simon. "Miracles and Testimony." [RR], pp. 122/138.

4 Decision puzzles and paradoxes  
5 Internal/external

Descartes, Rene. "First Meditation: What Can Be Called Into Doubt." [RR], pp. 166/184.

Pollock, John. "A Brain in a Vat." [RR], pp. 137/153.

Moore, G. E. "Proof of an External World." [RR], p. 216.

6 Past/future

Hume, David. "An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding." [RR], pp. 222/240.

Salmon, W. "An Encounter with David Hume." [RR], pp. 245/263.

7 Gettierology

Gettier, Edmund L. "Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?" [RR], p. 171 (14th ed.).

Buy at Amazon Nozick, Robert. "Knowledge and Skepticism." In Philosophical Explanations. Harvard University Press, 1983. ISBN: 9780674664791. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

8 Epistemic puzzles and paradoxes  
9 Consciousness and felt experience

Jackson, Frank. "The Qualia Problem." [RR], pp. 297/315.

Carruthers, Peter. "The Mind is the Brain." [RR], pp. 301/319.

10 Materialist options Churchland, Paul. "Behaviorism, Materialism, and Functionalism." [RR], pp. 309/327.
11 Can machines think?

Turing, Alan. "Computing Machinery and Intelligence." [RR], pp. 321/335.

Searle, John. "Minds, Brains, and Programs." [RR], pp. 330/344.

12 Puzzles and paradoxes of consciousness  
13 Soul and body

Locke, John. "The Prince and the Cobbler." [RR], pp. 365/373.

Perry, John. "A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality. The First Night." [RR], pp. 387/395.

14 Memory

Reid, Thomas. "Of Mr. Locke's Account of Our Personal Identity." [RR], pp. 368/376.

Perry, John. "A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality. The Second Night." [RR], pp. 394/402.

15 The self

Hume, David. "The Self." [RR], p. 371.

Parfit, Derrek. "Divided Minds and the Nature of Persons." [RR], pp. 373/381.

Perry, John. "A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality. The Third Night." [RR], pp. 401/409.

16 Puzzles and paradoxes of vagueness  
17 Determinism

Rachels, James. "The Debate over Free Will." [RR], p. 478.

Holbach, Paul. "The Illusion of Free Will." [RR], pp. 458/451.

18 Compatibilism

Ayer, A. J. "Freedom and Necessity." [RR], pp. 414/475.

Stace, W. "The Problem of Freewill." From Religion and the Modern Mind. [RR], p. 419.

Frankfurt, Harry. "Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility." [RR], pp. 486/481.

19 Can science help?

Nahmias, Eddy. "Scientific Challenges to Free Will." Georgia State University, Department of Philosophy, 2009.

Vohs, Kathleen, and Jonathan Schooler. "The Value of Believing in Free Will." Pyschological Science 19, no. 1 (2008): 49-54. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

20 Responsibility

Frankfurt, Harry. "Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person." Journal of Philosophy 68, no. 1 (January 1971): 5-20.

Nagel, Thomas. "Moral Luck." [RR], pp. 493/487.

21 Supertasks  
22 Egoism

Feinberg, Joel. "Psychological Egoism." [RR], pp. 520/514.

Rachels, James. "Ethical Egoism." [RR], p. 532.

23 Relativism and subjectivism

Midgley, Mary. "Trying Out One's New Sword." [RR], p. 567.

Buy at Amazon Rachels, James. "The Challenge of Cultural Relativism." In The Elements of Moral Philosophy. Temple University Press, 1986. ISBN: 9780877224051.

Shafer-Landau, Russ. "Ethical Subjectivism." [RR], pp. 555/540.

24 Utilitarianism

Mill, John Stuart. "Utilitarianism." Chapters 1-2. [RR], pp. 640/597.

Singer, Peter. "Famine, Affluence, and Morality." [RR], pp. 678/630.

25 Deontology

Kant, I. "The Good Will and the Categorical Imperative." [RR], pp. 625/590.

Sayre-McCord, Geoff. "Kant's Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Very Brief Selective Summary of Sections 1 and 2." (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)