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Introduction to Solid State Chemistry

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The Missing Link to Renewable Energy

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Structure of the Atom

TITLES READINGS LECTURE VIDEOS LECTURE RESOURCES HOMEWORK FOR FURTHER STUDY
Introduction to Solid State Chemistry [Saylor] 1, "Introduction to Chemistry." Lecture 1: Introduction to Solid State Chemistry Lecture Slides (PDF - 3.2MB)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

[Saylor] 1.3, "A Description of Matter."

[Saylor] 1.4, "A Brief History of Chemistry."

[Saylor] 1.5, "The Atom."

[Saylor] 1.6, "Isotopes and Atomic Masses."

[Saylor] 1.7, "Introduction to the Periodic Table."

[Saylor] 3.1, "The Mole and Molar Masses."

Supplemental Readings

Buy at Amazon Davies, D. A. Waves, Atoms and Solids. Harlow Essex, UK: Longman Group United Kingdom, 1978. ISBN: 9780582441743.

Buy at Amazon Brown, T. L., H. E. Lemay, and B. E. Bursten. Chemistry: The Central Science. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1999. ISBN: 9780130103109.

How Batteries Work

People

Other OCW and OER Content

The Periodic Table

Readings

[Saylor] 1.6, "Isotopes and Atomic Masses."

[Saylor] 1.7, "Introduction to the Periodic Table."

[Saylor] 3.1, "The Mole and Molar Masses."

[Saylor] 3.2, "Determining Empirical and Molecular Formulas."

[Saylor] 3.3, "Chemical Equations."

[Saylor] 3.4, "Mass Relationships in Chemical Equations."

[Saylor] 7.1, "The History of the Periodic Table." (only read until "Mendeleev's Periodic Table")

Lecture 2: The Periodic Table

Lecture Slides (PDF - 6.0MB)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

[Saylor] 1.6, "Isotopes and Atomic Masses."

[Saylor] 3.3, "Chemical Equations."

[Saylor] 3.4, "Mass Relationships in Chemical Equations."

Supplemental Readings

Buy at Amazon Emsley, J. The Elements. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1998. ISBN: 9780198558187.

Buy at Amazon Weeks, M. E. Discovery of the Elements. Madison, WI: Journal of Chemical Education, 1968.

Buy at Amazon Seaborg, Glenn T., and E.G. Valens. Elements of the Universe. New York, NY: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1958. ISBN: 9789999238939.

Buy at Amazon Strathern, P. Mendeleyev's Dream: The Quest for the Elements. New York, NY: St. Martin's Press, 2001. ISBN: 9780140284140.

Buy at Amazon Gordin, M. A Well-Ordered Thing: Dmitrii Mendeleev and the Shadow of the Periodic Table. New York, NY: 2004. ISBN: 9780465027750.

Buy at Amazon Mendeleyev, Dmitri. The Principles of Chemistry. New York, NY: Longmans Green and Co., 1897.

Buy at Amazon Dalton, John. A New System of Chemical Philosophy. New York, NY: Philosophical Library, 1964.

Buy at Amazon Cardwell, D. John Dalton and the Progress of Science. New York, NY: Barnes and Noble, 1968.

Buy at Amazon Kargon, Robert H. The Rise of Robert Millikan: Portrait of a Life in American Science. New York, NY: Cornell University Press, 1982. ISBN: 9780801414596.

Buy at Amazon Millikan, Robert A. Electrons, Protons, Photons, Neutrons, Mesotrons, and Cosmic Rays. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1947.

How Atoms Work

How the Periodic Table Works

People

Culture

Borodin, Alexander P. "Polovtsian Dances." Prince Igor. Available as Buy at Amazon Ballet Music from Operas. Performed by New York Philharmonic, conducted by Leonard Bernstein. New York, NY: Sony, 1993.

Buy at Amazon Lehrer, T. The Remains of Tom Lehrer. Los Angeles, CA: Warner Archives/Rhino, 2000.

Other OCW and OER Content

Atomic Models: Rutherford & Bohr

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #1 (PDF), Sections 1-3

[Saylor] 1.5, "The Atom."

[Saylor] 6.2, "The Quantization of Energy."

[Saylor] 6.3, "Atomic Spectra and Models of the Atom."

Lecture 3: Atomic Models: Rutherford & Bohr

This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.Lecture Slides (PDF - 9.3MB)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

[Saylor] 1.5, "The Atom."

[Saylor] 1.6, "Isotopes and Atomic Masses."

[Saylor] 6.1, "Waves and Electromagnetic Energy."

[Saylor] 6.2, "The Quantization of Energy."

Supplemental Readings

Buy at Amazon Ottaviani, J. Suspended in Language: Niels Bohr's Life, Discoveries, and the Century He Shaped. GT Labs: Ann Arbor, MI, 2004. ISBN: 9780978803728.

Buy at Amazon Rozental, S. Niels Bohr: His Life and Work as Seen by His Friends and Colleagues. New York, NY: Wiley, 1967.

Buy at Amazon Bohr, Niels H. D. On the Constitution of Atoms and Molecules. New York, NY: W.A. Benjamin, 1963.

Buy at Amazon Bohr, Niels H. D. Atomic Physics and Human Knowledge. New York, NY: Wiley, 1958.

Bohr, Niels. "On the Constitution of Atoms and Molecules." Philosophical Magazine Series 6 26 (July 1913): 1-15.

Buy at Amazon Cathcart, B. The Fly in the Cathedral: How a Small Group of Cambridge Scientists Won the Race to Split the Atom. New York, NY: Penguin, 2005. ISBN: 9780670883219.

Buy at Amazon Andrade, E. N. R utherford and the Nature of the Atom. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1964.

Buy at Amazon Frayn, M. Copenhagen: A Play in Two Acts. New York, NY: S. French, 2000.

Buy at Amazon Miller, D. P. Discovering Water: James Watt, Henry Cavendish and the Nineteenth Century Water Controversy. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2004. ISBN: 9780754631774.

Cavendish Laboratory

How Atoms Work

People

Other OCW and OER Content

Matter/Energy Interactions: Atomic Spectra

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #1 (PDF), Sections 3, 5

[Saylor] 6.3, "Atomic Spectra and Models of the Atom."

Lecture 4: Matter/Energy Interactions: Atomic Spectra

This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.Lecture Slides (PDF - 1.3MB)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

[Saylor] 6.3, "Atomic Spectra and Models of the Atom."

Supplemental Readings

Buy at Amazon Payne-Gaposchkin, Cecilia H. Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin: An Autobiography and Other Recollections. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1996. ISBN: 9780521482516.

Buy at Amazon Baade, W., and Cecilia Payne. Evolution of Stars and Galaxies. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1963.

Buy at Amazon Payne-Gaposchkin, Cecilia H. Stars and Clusters. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1979. ISBN: 9780674834408.

How Atoms Work

People

Other OCW and OER Content

Electron Shell Model & Quantum Numbers

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #1 (PDF), Section 3

[Saylor] 6.5, "Atomic Orbitals and Their Energies."

[Saylor] 6.6, "Building Up the Periodic Table."

Lecture 5: Electron Shell Model & Quantum Numbers

This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.Lecture Slides (PDF - 2.0MB)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

[Saylor] 6.5, "Atomic Orbitals and Their Energies."

Supplemental Readings

Buy at Amazon Michelson, Albert A. Studies in Optics. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1927.

Buy at Amazon Sommerfeld, Arnold. Atomic Structure and Spectral Lines. New York, NY: E.P. Dutton, 1931.

Buy at Amazon Sommerfeld, Arnold. Optics. New York, NY: Academic Press, 1964.

Buy at Amazon Dick, Harold G. The Golden Age of the Great Passenger Airships, Graf Zeppelin and Hindenburg. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1985. ISBN: 9781560982197.

How Atoms Work

People

Other OCW and OER Content

Particle-Wave Duality

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #1 (PDF), Section 3

Archived Lecture Notes #2 (PDF), Section 3

[Saylor] 6.4, "The Relationship between Energy and Mass."

[Saylor] 6.6, "Building Up the Periodic Table."

Lecture 6: Particle-Wave Duality Lecture Slides (PDF - 1.7MB)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

[Saylor] 6.4, "The Relationship between Energy and Mass."

Supplemental Readings

Buy at Amazon Schrödinger, Erwin. My View of the World. Cambridge, MA: University Press, 1964.

Buy at Amazon Schrödinger, Erwin. Collected Papers on Wave Mechanics: Together With His Four Lectures on Wave Mechanics. New York, NY: Chelsea Publications, 1982. ISBN: 9780821829769.

Buy at Amazon Peat, F. David. From Certainty to Uncertainty: The Story of Science and Ideas in the Twentieth Century. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press, 2002. ISBN: 9780309076418.

Buy at Amazon Rigden, John S. Hydrogen: The Essential Element. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002. ISBN: 9780674012523.

Buy at Amazon Frayn, M. Copenhagen: A Play in Two Acts. New York, NY: S. French, 2000.

Buy at Amazon Powers, Thomas. Heisenberg's War: The Secret History of the German Bomb. New York, NY: Knopf, 1993. ISBN: 9780306810114.

How Atoms Work

People

Other OCW and OER Content

The Aufbau Principle; Photoelectron Spectroscopy

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #1 (PDF), Section 4

[Saylor] 6.6, "Building Up the Periodic Table."

[Saylor] 7.3, "Energetics of Ion Formation."

Lecture 7: The Aufbau Principle; Photoelectron Spectroscopy

This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.Lecture Slides (PDF - 1.1MB)

Textbook Problems

[Saylor] 8.1, "An Overview of Chemical Bonding."

[Saylor] 8.2, "Ionic Bonding."

[Saylor] 8.3, "Lattice Energies in Ionic Solids."

[Saylor] 12.5, "Correlation Between Bonding and the Properties of Solids."

People

Erwin Schrödinger - 1933 Nobel Prize in Physics

Self-Assessment: Structure of the Atom

SCOPE WEEKLY QUIZ EXAM PROBLEMS EXAM HELP SESSION VIDEOS SUPPLEMENTAL PROBLEMS
Structure of the atom

Quiz problems (PDF)

Quiz solutions key (PDF)

Exam problems (PDF)

Exam solutions key (PDF)

Video Clips

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Clip 1: Exam 1, Problem 1 (00:10:00)

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Clip 2: Exam 1, Problem 2 (00:20:00)

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Clip 3: Exam 1, Problem 4 (00:14:00)

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Clip 4: Exam 1, Problem 6 (00:16:00)

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Clip 5: Exam 2, Problem 2 (00:27:00)

Supplemental exam problems (PDF)

Supplemental exam solutions key (PDF - 1.4MB)

Bonding and Molecules

TITLES READINGS LECTURE VIDEOS LECTURE RESOURCES HOMEWORK FOR FURTHER STUDY
Ionic Crystals; Born-Haber Cycle

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #1 (PDF), Sections 6, 7

Archived Lecture Notes #2 (PDF), Sections 1, 2

[Saylor] 7.3, "Energetics of Ion Formation."

[Saylor] 8.1, "An Overview of Chemical Bonding."

[Saylor] 8.2, "Ionic Bonding."

[Saylor] 8.3, "Lattice Energies in Ionic Solids."

[Saylor] 12.5, "Correlation between Bonding and the Properties of Solids."

Lecture 8: Ionic Crystals; Born-Haber Cycle Lecture Slides (PDF - 1.2MB)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

[Saylor] 8.3, "Lattice Energies in Ionic Solids."

[Saylor] 8.4, "Lewis Electron Dot Structures."

[Saylor] 8.5, "Lewis Structures and Covalent Bonding."

[Saylor] 8.6, "Exceptions to the Octet Rule."

[Saylor] 9.1, "Predicting the Geometry of Molecules and Polyatomic Ions."

Supplemental Readings

Buy at Amazon Born, Max. My Life: Recollections of a Nobel Laureate. New York, NY: Scribner, 1978. ISBN: 9780684156620.

Buy at Amazon Born, Max. Physics in My Generation. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag, 1969.

Buy at Amazon Born, Max. Atomic Physics. New York, NY: Hafner Publications, 1970. ISBN: 9780486659848.

Buy at Amazon Stoltzenberg, Dietrich. Fritz Haber: Chemist, Nobel Laureate, German, Jew. Philadelphia, PA: Chemical Heritage Press, 2004. ISBN: 9780941901246.

Buy at Amazon Charles, Daniel. Master Mind: The Rise and Fall of Fritz Haber, the Nobel Laureate who Launched the Age of Chemical Warfare. New York, NY: Ecco, 2005. ISBN: 9780060562724.

People

Other OCW and OER Content

Drawing Lewis Structures

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #2 (PDF), Section 3

[Saylor] 7.3, "Energetics of Ion Formation."

[Saylor] 8.4, "Introduction to Lewis Dot Structures."

[Saylor] 8.5, "Lewis Structures and Covalent Bonding."

[Saylor] 8.6, "Exceptions to the Octet Rule."

[Saylor] 8.8, "Properties of Covalent Bonds."

[Saylor] 8.9, "Polar Covalent Bonds."

Lecture 9: Drawing Lewis Structures

This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.Lecture Slides (PDF - 2.9MB)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

[Saylor] 7.3, "Energetics of Ion Formation."

[Saylor] 8.2, "Ionic Bonding."

[Saylor] 8.6, "Exceptions to the Octet Rule."

[Saylor] 8.9, "Polar Covalent Bonds."

[Saylor] 9.1, "Predicting the Geometry of Molecules and Polyatomic Ions."

Supplemental Readings

Other OCW and OER Content

Hybridized & Molecular Orbitals; Paramagnetism

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #2 (PDF), Section 3

[Saylor] 9.2, "Localized Bonding and Hybrid Atomic Orbitals."

[Saylor] 9.3, "Delocalized Bonding and Molecular Orbitals."

[Saylor] 9.4, "Combining the Valence Bond and Molecular Orbital Approaches."

Lecture 10: Hybridized & Molecular Orbitals, Paramagnetism Lecture Slides (PDF - 2.1MB)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

[Saylor] 9.2, "Localized Bonding and Hybrid Atomic Orbitals."

[Saylor] 9.3, "Delocalized Bonding and Molecular Orbitals."

People

Wolfgang Pauli - 1945 Nobel Prize in Physics

Other OCW and OER Content

 
The Shapes of Molecules

Readings

[Saylor] 9.1, "Predicting the Geometry of Molecules and Polyatomic Ions."

Lecture 11: The Shapes of Molecules Lecture Slides (PDF - 1.2MB)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

[Saylor] 9.1, "Predicting the Geometry of Molecules and Polyatomic Ions."

[Saylor] 9.4, "Polyatomic Systems with Multiple Bonds."

Other OCW and OER Content

Intermolecular Forces

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #2 (PDF), Section 4

[Saylor] 11.2, "Intermolecular Forces."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 2.5, "The Secondary, or van der Waals, Bond."

Lecture 12: Intermolecular Forces Lecture Slides (PDF)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

[Saylor] 11.2, "Intermolecular Forces."

Supplemental Readings

Buy at Amazon Gavroglu, Kostas. Fritz London: A Scientific Biography. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1995. ISBN: 9780521023191.

Buy at Amazon Israelachvili, Jacob. Intermolecular and Surface Forces. New York, NY: Academic Press, 1992. ISBN: 9780123751812.

People

Other OCW and OER Content

Self-Assessment: Bonding and Molecules

SCOPE WEEKLY QUIZ EXAM PROBLEMS EXAM HELP SESSION VIDEOS SUPPLEMENTAL PROBLEMS
Bonding and Molecules

Quiz problems (PDF)

Quiz solutions key (PDF)

Exam problems (PDF)

This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.Exam solutions key (PDF)

Video Clips

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Clip 1: Exam 1, Problem 3 (00:24:00)

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Clip 2: Exam 1, Problem 5 (00:12:00)

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Clip 3: Exam 2, Problem 4 (00:15:00)

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Clip 4: Exam 2, Problem 5 - Part One (00:09:00)

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Clip 5: Exam 2, Problem 5 - Part Two (00:06:00)

Supplemental exam problems (PDF)

This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.Supplemental exam solutions key (PDF - 1.4MB)

Electronic Materials

TITLES READINGS LECTURE VIDEOS LECTURE RESOURCES HOMEWORK FOR FURTHER STUDY
Band Theory of Solids

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #3 (PDF)

[Saylor] 12.5, "Correlation Between Bonding and the Properties of Solids."

[Saylor] 12.6, "Bonding in Metals and Semiconductors."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 2.4, "The Metallic Bond."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 15.1, "Charge Carriers and Conduction."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 15.2, "Energy Levels and Energy Bands."

Lecture 13: Band Theory of Solids Lecture Slides (PDF)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Supplemental Readings

Bloch, Felix. "Über die Quantenmechanik der Elektronen in Kristallgittern." Zeitschrift für Physik A: Hadrons and Nuclei 52 (1928): 555-600. (Note: this article is in German.)

Heitler, Walter, and Fritz London. "Wechselwirkung neutraler Atome und homöopolare Bindung nach der Quantenmechanik." Zeitschrift für Physik A: Hadrons and Nuclei 44 (1927): 455-472. (Note: this article is in German.)

People

Other OCW and OER Content

Semiconductors

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #3 (PDF)

[Saylor] 12.6, "Bonding in Metals and Semiconductors."

Lecture 14: Semiconductors Lecture Slides (PDF - 2.5MB)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Supplemental Readings

Heitler, Walter, and Fritz London. "Wechselwirkung neutraler Atome und homöopolare Bindung nach der Quantenmechanik." Zeitschrift für Physik A: Hadrons and Nuclei 44 (1927): 455-472. (Note: this article is in German.)

People

Other OCW and OER Content

The resources listed below are selected from a wide variety of sites covering semiconductors and their applications. Motivated users are encouraged to search MIT OpenCourseWare and other sites for more advanced material based on their specific interests.

Semiconductor Concepts

Introduction to Semiconductors

PV CDROM: Module 3: PN Junction

Introduction to Semiconductors, Doped Semiconductors

5.112 Principles of Chemical Science: Lecture 14: Distribution of Molecular Energies and Starts 8:15 in Lecture 34: Bonding in Metals and Semiconductors

6.012 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits: Spring 2009, Fall 2009

6.152J/3.155J Micro/Nano Processing Technology

Self-Assessment: Electronic Materials

SCOPE WEEKLY QUIZ EXAM PROBLEMS EXAM HELP SESSION VIDEOS SUPPLEMENTAL PROBLEMS
Electronic Materials

Quiz problems (PDF)

Quiz solutions key (PDF)

Exam problems (PDF)

This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.Exam solutions key (PDF)
Clip 1: Exam 2, Problem 3 (00:20:00)

Supplemental exam problems (PDF)

This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.Supplemental exam solutions key (PDF)

Crystalline Materials

TITLES READINGS LECTURE VIDEOS LECTURE RESOURCES HOMEWORK FOR FURTHER STUDY
Introduction to Crystallography

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #4 (PDF), Sections 1-3

[Saylor] 12.1, "Crystalline and Amorphous Solids."

[Saylor] 12.2, "The Arrangement of Atoms in Crystalline Solids."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 3.1, "Seven Systems and Fourteen Lattices."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 3.2, "Metal Structures."

Lecture 15: Introduction to Crystallography

Lecture Slides (PDF - 3.2MB)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

[Saylor] 12.2, "The Arrangement of Atoms in Crystalline Solids."

[Saylor] 12.3, "Structures of Simple Binary Compounds."

Supplemental Readings

Buy at Amazon Hooke, Robert. Micrographia; or, Some Physiological Descriptions of Minute Bodies Made by Magnifying Glasses, with Observations and Inquiries. London, England: J. Martyn and J. Allestry, 1665. [View on Project Gutenberg]

Buy at Amazon Chapman, Allan. England's Leonardo: Robert Hooke and the Seventeenth-Century Scientific Revolution. Philadelphia, PA: Institute of Physics Publishing, 2005. ISBN: 9780750309875.

Buy at Amazon Steno, Nicolaus. The Prodromus of Nicolaus Steno's Dissertation Concerning a Solid Body Enclosed by Process of Nature within a Solid. Translated by John Garrett Winter. New York, NY: Macmillan, 1916.

Buy at Amazon Cutler, Alan. The Seashell on the Mountaintop: A Story of Science, Sainthood, and the Humble Genius Who Discovered a New History of the Earth. New York, NY: Plume, 2004. ISBN: 9780452285460.

Buy at Amazon Dijksterhuis, Fokko Jan. Lenses and Waves: Christiaan Huygens and the Mathematical Science of Optics in the Seventeenth Century. Boston, MA: Kluwer, 2004. ISBN: 9789048167067.

People

Culture

M. C. Escher

Georges Braque

Buy at Amazon Vallier, Dora. Braque: The Complete Graphics: Catalogue Raisonne. New York, NY: Alpine Fine Arts Collection, 1988. ISBN: 9780881680065.

Buy at Amazon Talking Heads. "Burning Down the House." Speaking in Tongues. Sire Records, 1983.

Other OCW and OER Content

 

Crystallographic Notation & X-Rays

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #4 (PDF), Section 4

Archived Lecture Notes #5 (PDF), Section 1

[Saylor] 12.2, "The Arrangement of Atoms in Crystalline Solids."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 3.2, "Metal Structures."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 3.6, "Lattice Positions, Directions, and Planes."

Lecture 16: Crystallographic Notation & X-Rays Lecture Slides (PDF)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

Buy at Amazon [JS] Chapter 3, Sample Problems 8-10, 13-19; Practice Problems 11-14, 16-21

Supplemental Readings

Buy at Amazon Thomas, A. M. K. The Invisible Light: 100 Years of Medical Radiology. Cambridge, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 1995. ISBN: 9780865426276.

People

Other OCW and OER Content

X-Ray Emission & Absorption

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #5 (PDF), Section 2

[Saylor] 7.1, "The Role of Atomic Number in the Periodic Table." (only read until Example 1)

Buy at Amazon [C&S] 1, "Properties of X-Rays."

Lecture 17: X-Ray Emission & Absorption Lecture Slides (PDF - 3.5MB)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

[Saylor] 12.3, "Structures of Simple Binary Compounds."

Supplemental Readings

Moseley, H. G. J. "The High-Frequency Spectra of the Elements." Philosophical Magazine Series 6 26 (December 1913): 1024-1034.

Buy at Amazon Heilbron, John Lewis. H. G. J. Moseley: The Life and Letters of an English Physicist, 1887-1915. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1974. ISBN: 9780520023758.

People

Culture

Jean Francois Millet

Buy at Amazon Bacou, Roseline. Millet: One Hundred Drawings. New York, NY: Harper & Row, 1975. ISBN: 9780064303408.

Salvador Dali

Buy at Amazon Lubar, Robert S. Dali: The Salvador Dali Museum Collection. Boston, MA: Bullfinch Press, 2000. ISBN: 9780821227152.

Other OCW and OER Content

X-Ray Diffraction Techniques

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #5 (PDF), Sections 4-6

[Saylor] 12.3, "Structures of Simple Binary Compounds."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 3.7, "X-Ray Diffraction."

Lecture 18: X-Ray Diffraction Techniques

This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.Lecture Slides (PDF - 5.3MB)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

Buy at Amazon [JS] Chapter 3, Sample Problems 20, 21

[Saylor] 12.3, "Structures of Simple Binary Compounds."

People

Culture

Mozart, Wolfgang. "Rondo Alla Turca." Piano Sonata no. 11 in A major, K. 331.

Other OCW and OER Content

X-Ray Diffraction Techniques

Point & Line Defects

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #6 (PDF), Sections 1-2

[Saylor] 12.4, "Defects in Crystals."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 4.1, "The Solid Solution – Chemical Imperfection."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 4.2, "Point Defects – Zero-Dimensional Imperfections."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 4.3, "Linear Defects, or Dislocations – One-Dimensional Imperfections."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 5.1, "Thermally-Activated Processes."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 5.2, "Thermal Production of Point Defects."

Lecture 19: Point & Line Defects

This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.Lecture Slides (PDF - 3.0MB)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

Buy at Amazon [JS] Chapter 5, Sample Problem 2, Practice Problem 2

[Saylor] 12.4, "Defects in Crystals."

Supplemental Readings

Buy at Amazon Hull, Derek, and David J. Bacon. Introduction to Dislocations. Boston, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2001. ISBN: 9780750646819.

People

Culture

Other OCW and OER Content

Line, Interface & Bulk Defects

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #6 (PDF), Sections 3-4

[Saylor] 12.4, "Defects in Crystals."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 4.3, "Linear Defects, or Dislocations – One-Dimensional Imperfections."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 4.4, "Planar Defects – Two-Dimensional Imperfections."

Lecture 20: Line, Interface & Bulk Defects Lecture Slides (PDF)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

[Saylor] 12.4, "Defects in Crystals."

Supplemental Readings

Buy at Amazon Hull, Derek, and David J. Bacon. Introduction to Dislocations. Boston, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2001. ISBN: 9780750646819.

People

Culture

Buy at Amazon Glass, Philip. Koyaanisqatsi. Orange Mountain Music, 2009.

Buy at Amazon Horner, James, and Will Jennings. "My Heart Will Go On (Theme from Titanic)." Titanic: Music from the Motion Picture. Performed by Celine Dion. Columbia Records, 1997.

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Self-Assessment: Crystalline Materials

SCOPE WEEKLY QUIZ EXAM PROBLEMS EXAM HELP SESSION VIDEOS SUPPLEMENTAL PROBLEMS
Crystalline Materials

Quiz problems (PDF)

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Exam problems (PDF)

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Video Clips

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Clip 1: Exam 2, Problem 1 (00:23:00)

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Clip 2: Exam 2, Problem 2 (00:27:00)

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Clip 3: Exam 3, Problem 1 (00:16:00)

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Clip 4: Exam 3, Problem 2B (00:05:00)

Supplemental exam problems (PDF)

This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.Supplemental exam solutions key (PDF - 1.1MB)

Amorphous Materials

TITLES READINGS LECTURE VIDEOS LECTURE RESOURCES HOMEWORK FOR FURTHER STUDY
Introduction to Glasses

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #7 (PDF)

Buy at Amazon [JS] 4.5, "Noncrystalline Solids – Three-Dimensional Imperfections."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 12.2, "Glasses – Noncrystalline Materials."

Lecture 21: Introduction to Glasses Lecture Slides (PDF)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Supplemental Readings

Stookey, Stanley Donald. The Hydrogen-Lead, Hydrogen-Palladium, and Deuterium-Palladium Equilibria. Ph. D. thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1940.

Chang, Kenneth. "The Nature of Glass Remains Anything But Clear." New York Times, July 29, 2008.

Culture

Dale Chihuly

Buy at Amazon Kuspit, Donald B. Chihuly. New York, NY: Harry N. Abrams, 1999. ISBN: 9780810963733.

Buy at Amazon Chihuly, Dale. Chihuly: Form From Fire. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 1993. ISBN: 9780933053069.

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Engineering Glass Properties; Introduction to Kinetics

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #7 (PDF)

Archived Lecture Notes #8 (PDF)

[Saylor] 14.5, "Half-Lives and Radioactive Decay Kinetics."

[Saylor] 14.6, "Reaction Rates – A Microscopic View."

[Saylor] 14.7, "The Collision Model of Chemical Kinetics."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 12.2, "Glasses – Noncrystalline Materials."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 12.3, "Glass-Ceramics."

Lecture 22: Engineering Glass Properties, Introduction to Kinetics

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Homework

Textbook Problems

[Saylor] 14.2, "Reaction Rates and Rate Laws."

[Saylor] 14.6, "Reaction Rates – A Microscopic View."

[Saylor] 14.7, "The Collision Model of Chemical Kinetics."

[Saylor] 14.9, "End-of-Chapter Material."

Supplemental Readings

Buy at Amazon Libby, Willard F. Radiocarbon Dating. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1969.

People

Culture

Buy at Amazon Chambers, Joe, and Willie Chambers. "Time Has Come Today." The Time Has Come. Performed by The Chambers Brothers. Columbia Records, 1967.

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Self-Assessment: Amorphous Materials

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Amorphous Materials

Quiz problems (PDF)

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Exam problems (PDF)

Exam solutions key (PDF)
Clip 1: Exam 3, Problem 2A (00:04:00)

Supplemental exam problems (PDF)

Supplemental exam solutions key (PDF)

Reactions and Kinetics

TITLES READINGS LECTURE VIDEOS LECTURE RESOURCES HOMEWORK FOR FURTHER STUDY
Reaction Rates

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #8 (PDF), Sections 4-7

Archived Lecture Notes #9 (PDF), Section 1

[Saylor] 10.7, "The Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases."

[Saylor] 14.1, "Factors That Affect Reaction Rates."

[Saylor] 14.2, "Reaction Rates and Rate Laws."

[Saylor] 14.3, "Methods of Determining Reaction Orders."

[Saylor] 14.4, "Using Graphs to Determine Rate Laws, Rate Constants, and Reaction Orders."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 5.1, "Thermally Activated Processes."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 5.2, "Thermal Production of Point Defects."

Lecture 23: Reaction Rates

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Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Homework Problems

[Saylor] 14.3, "Methods of Determining Reaction Orders."

[Saylor] 14.4, "Using Graphs to Determine Rate Laws, Rate Constants, and Reaction Orders."

[Saylor] 14.5, "Half-Lives and Radioactive Decay Kinetics."

[Saylor] 14.9, "End-of-Chapter Material."

Supplemental Readings

Fick, Adolf. "Ueber Diffusion." Annalen der Physik 170 (1855): 59-86. (Note: this article is in German.)

People

Culture

Buy at Amazon Lauper, Cyndi, and Rob Hyman. "Time After Time." She's So Unusual. Performed by Cyndi Lauper. Epic Records, 1984.

Buy at Amazon Lennon, John, and Paul McCartney. "Baby You Can Drive My Car." Rubber Soul. Performed by The Beatles. EMI, 1965.

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Diffusion

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #9 (PDF)

Buy at Amazon [JS] 5.2, "Thermal Production of Point Defects."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 5.3, "Point Defects and Solid-State Diffusion."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 5.4, "Steady-State Diffusion."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 5.5, "Alternate Diffusion Paths."

Lecture 24: Diffusion

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Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Supplemental Readings

Fick, Adolf. "Ueber Diffusion." Annalen der Physik 170 (1855): 59-86. (Note: this article is in German.)

Buy at Amazon Carslaw, Horatio S., and John C. Jaeger. Conduction of Heat in Solids. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 2004. ISBN: 9780198533689.

People

Culture

Wagner, Richard. "Ride of the Valkyries." Die Walküre, WWV 86B.

Buy at Amazon Hornsby, Bruce, and John Hornsby. "The Way It Is." The Way It Is. Performed by Bruce Hornsby and the Range. RCA, 1986.

Other OCW and OER Content

Self-Assessment: Reactions and Kinetics

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Reactions and Kinetics

Quiz problems (PDF)

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Exam problems (PDF)

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Video Clips

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Clip 1: Exam 3, Problem 4 (00:14:00)

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Clip 3: Final Exam, Problem 11a (00:07:00)

Supplemental exam problems (PDF)

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Aqueous Solutions

TITLES READINGS LECTURE VIDEOS LECTURE RESOURCES HOMEWORK FOR FURTHER STUDY
Introduction to Aqueous Solutions

Readings

[Saylor] 13.1, "Factors Affecting Solution Formation."

[Saylor] 13.2, "Solubility and Molecular Structure."

[Saylor] 13.3, "Units of Concentration."

[Saylor] 17.1, "Determining the Solubility of Ionic Compounds."

[Saylor] 17.4, "Solubility and pH."

Lecture 25: Introduction to Aqueous Solutions

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Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

[Saylor] 17.1, "Determining the Solubility of Ionic Compounds."

Supplemental Readings

Chang, Kenneth. "The Nature of Glass Remains Anything but Clear." The New York Times, July 29, 2008.

People

Acids & Bases

Readings

[Saylor] 4.6, "Acid-Base Reactions."

[Saylor] 8.7, "Lewis Acids and Bases."

[Saylor] 16.1, "The Autoionization of Water."

[Saylor] 16.2, "A Qualitative Description of Acid-Base Equilibria."

[Saylor] 16.3, "Molecular Structure and Acid-Base Strength."

[Saylor] 16.4, "Quantitative Aspects of Acid-Base Equilibria."

Lecture 26: Acids & Bases

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Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

[Saylor] 4.6, "Acid-Base Reactions."

[Saylor] 16.2, "A Qualitative Description of Acid-Base Equilibria."

[Saylor] 16.3, "Molecular Structure and Acid-Base Strength."

[Saylor] 16.4, "Quantitative Aspects of Acid-Base Equilibria."

[Saylor] 16.5, "Acid-Base Titrations."

[Saylor] 16.6, "Buffers."

Supplemental Readings

Buy at Amazon Djerassi, C., and R. Hoffmann. Oxygen: A Play in Two Acts. New York, NY: Wiley-VCH, 2001. ISBN: 9783527304134. See also the study guide and other publisher resources.

Brandis, Kerry. Acid-Base Physiology. See Chapter 1 of this online tutorial/textbook, which applies acid-base chemistry to physiology.

People

Other OCW and OER Content

Self-Assessment: Aqueous Solutions

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Aqueous Solutions

Quiz problems (PDF)

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Exam problems (PDF)

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Clip 1: Exam 3, Problem 3 (00:13:00)

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Clip 2: Final Exam, Problem 10 (00:22:00)

Supplemental exam problems (PDF)

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Organic Materials

TITLES READINGS LECTURE VIDEOS LECTURE RESOURCES HOMEWORK FOR FURTHER STUDY
Introduction to Organic Chemistry

Readings

[Saylor] 24.1, "Functional Groups and Classes of Organic Compounds."

[Saylor] 24.2, "Isomers of Organic Compounds."

Lecture 27: Introduction to Organic Chemistry Lecture Slides (PDF - 1.6MB) None.

People

Other OCW and OER Content

Polymers: Structure & Composition

Readings

[Saylor] 12.8, "Polymeric Solids."
Lecture 28: Polymers: Structure & Composition Lecture Slides (PDF)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

[Saylor] 24.2, "Isomers of Organic Compounds."

[Saylor] 24.5, "Common Classes of Organic Compounds."

Culture

Buy at Amazon The Beatles. "Polythene Pam." Abbey Road. Apple Records, 1969.

Other OCW and OER Content

Polymers: Synthesis, Properties & Applications

Readings

Buy at Amazon [PB-OC] 28, "Synthetic Polymers."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 13.1, "Polymerization."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 13.2, "Structural Features of Polymers."

Lecture 29: Polymers: Synthesis, Properties & Applications

This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.Lecture Slides (PDF - 3.0MB)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

Buy at Amazon [JS] Chapter 13, Sample Problems 13.1 and 13.4

Supplemental Readings

Buy at Amazon Perree, R. Bakelite: The Material of a Thousand Uses. Amsterdam, NL: Cadre, 1996. ISBN: 9789053492338.

Buy at Amazon Meikle, J. American Plastic: A Culture History. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1995. ISBN: 9780813522357.

Buy at MIT Press Buy at Amazon Brown, D. E. Inventing Modern America: From the Microwave to the Mouse. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001. ISBN: 9780262523493. [Companion website]

Buy at Amazon Carothers, W.H. Collected Papers of Wallace Hume Carothers on High Polymeric Substances. New York, NY: Interscience Publishers, 1940. ISBN: 9781406759259. [Download or view complete work from Internet Archive]

Buy at Amazon Furukawa, Y. Inventing Polymer Science: Staudinger, Carothers, and the Emergence of Macromolecular Science. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998. ISBN: 9780812233360.

People

Culture

Buy at Amazon "Mr. Cellophane." Chicago. DVD. Miramax, 2003.

Buy at Amazon The Graduate. Directed by M. Nichols. DVD. MGM, 1967.

Other OCW and OER Content

Biochemistry: Amino Acids

Readings

[Saylor] 12.8, "Polymeric Solids."

[Saylor] 24.6, "The Molecules of Life."

Buy at Amazon [PB-EOC] 17-1 through 17-4 in Chapter 17, "Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins."

Buy at Amazon [RH] 3, "Amino Acids and the Primary Structures of Proteins."

Lecture 30: Biochemistry: Amino Acids

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Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Textbook Problems

[Saylor] 12.8, "Polymeric Solids."

Supplemental Readings

Culture

Buy at Amazon Michael Jackson. "Man in the Mirror." Bad. Epic Records, 1987.

Other OCW and OER Content

Biochemistry: Protein Structure

Readings

Buy at Amazon [PB-EOC] 17-6 through 17-12 in Chapter 17, "Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins."

Lecture 31: Biochemistry: Protein Structure

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Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Other OCW and OER Content

Biochemistry: Lipids, Nucleic Acids & DNA

Readings

[Saylor] 24.6, "The Molecules of Life."

Buy at Amazon [PB-EOC] 20-1 through 20-5 in Chapter 20, "Lipids."

Buy at Amazon [PB-EOC] 21-2, 21-5, and 21-8 in Chapter 21, "Nucleosides, Nucleotides, and Nucleic Acids."

Lecture 32: Biochemistry: Lipids, Nucleic Acids & DNA

Lecture Slides (PDF - 4.1MB)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Supplemental Readings

Watson, J. D., and F. H. C. Crick. "Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids." Nature 171 (1953): 737-738. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

Franklin, R., and R. G. Gosling. "Molecular Configuration in Sodium Thymonucleate." Nature 171 (1953): 740-741. (This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.PDF)

Buy at Amazon Judson, Horace Freeland. The Eighth Day of Creation: Makers of the Revolution in Biology. 25th anniversary edition. Woodbury, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 1996. ISBN: 9780879694784.

Buy at Amazon Maddox, Brenda. Rosalind Franklin: The Dark Lady of DNA. New York, NY: HarperCollins, 2002. ISBN: 9780060184070.

Buy at Amazon Watson, James D. The Double Helix: A Personal Account of the Discovery of the Structure of DNA. New York, NY: Touchstone/Simon & Schuster, 2001 (original publication 1968). ISBN: 9780743216302.

People

Culture

Buy at Amazon "It's a Chemical Reaction, That's All." Music and lyrics by Cole Porter. From Silk Stockings. Fred Astaire, Cyd Charisse; directed by Rouben Mamoulian and Roy Mack. Original film release MGM, 1957. DVD, Warner Home Video, 2003.

Hank Ballard and the Midnighters. "The Twist." (B-side with "Teardrops on Your Letter.") Original release: King Records, 1959. Available on many reissue compilations, such as Buy at Amazon Their Very Best: Hank Ballard & The Midnighters. K-Tel, 2007.

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Self-Assessment: Organic Materials

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Organic Materials

Quiz problems (PDF)

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Exam problems (PDF)

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Clip 1: Final Exam, Problem 5 (00:20:00)

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Clip 2: Final Exam, Problem 13 (00:15:00)

Supplemental exam problems (PDF)

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Solid Solutions

TITLES READINGS LECTURE VIDEOS LECTURE RESOURCES HOMEWORK FOR FURTHER STUDY
Unary Phase Diagrams

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #10 (PDF), Part A

[Saylor] 11.6, "Critical Temperature and Pressure."

[Saylor] 11.7, "Phase Diagrams."

Lecture 33: Unary Phase Diagrams Lecture Slides (PDF - 3.0MB)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Culture

Queen. "'Under Pressure' (Live at Wembley)." June 16, 2009. YouTube. Accessed November 18, 2010. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SJCTgtDU-74.

Alexander Calder, Mercury Fountain, 1937. Fundació Joan Miró. Barcelona, Spain.

Other OCW and OER Content

Binary Phase Diagrams: Complete Solubility

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #10 (PDF), Part B and #10 Supplement (PDF)

Buy at Amazon [JS] 9.1, "The Phase Rule."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 9.2, "The Phase Diagram."

Lecture 34: Binary Phase Diagrams: Complete Solubility Lecture Slides (PDF - 2.5MB)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

Supplemental Readings

Carter, Kelley. "Absinthe flows again, more stylish than ever." USA Today, September 27, 2007.

Absinthe

People

Culture

The Manchurian Candidate. Directed by John Frankenheimer. MGM, 1962.

Moulin Rouge! Directed by Baz Luhrmann. 20th Century Fox, 2001.

Other OCW and OER Content

Binary Phase Diagrams: Limited Solubility

Readings

Archived Lecture Notes #10 (PDF), Part B and #10 Supplement (PDF)

Buy at Amazon [JS] 9.1, "The Phase Rule."

Buy at Amazon [JS] 9.2, "The Phase Diagram."

Lecture 35: Binary Phase Diagrams: Limited Solubility

This resource may not render correctly in a screen reader.Lecture Slides (PDF - 1.9MB)

Problems (PDF)

Solutions (PDF)

People

Daniel Fahrenheit; Nicole Barbe Ponsardin (Madame Ponsardin Cliquot)

Other OCW and OER Content

Self-Assessment: Solid Solutions

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Solid Solutions

Quiz problems (PDF)

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Exam problems (PDF)

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Clip 1: Final Exam, Problem 7 (00:13:00)

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Clip 2: Final Exam, Problem 9 (00:15:00)

Supplemental exam problems (PDF)

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Final Exam

FINAL EXAM STUDY MATERIALS FINAL EXAM AND SOLUTIONS
Final Exam Lecture Summary Notes (PDF - 4.8MB)

Final exam (PDF - 1.5MB)

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