This course has no single textbook, but instead draws on a wide range of publications and texts. Lectures and assigned readings by session are presented below, followed by a list of books kept on reserve for background reading.
|1||Introduction to water supply|| |
Specter, Michael. "The Last Drop." The New Yorker, October 23, 2006.
Executive Summary, "Water for People, Water for Life." 1st United Nations World Water Development Report, March 22, 2003. (PDF)
Introduction (PDF - 6.7MB)
|2||Characteristics of seawater. Concentration and molality|| |
ASTM Standard D1141 1998 (2008). "Standard for Practice for the Preparation of Substitute Ocean Water." West Conshohocken, PA: ASTM International, 2008. DOI: 10.1520/D1141-98R08.
|3||Gibbs energy. Work of separation||Dean, Cornelia. "Rising Acidity is Threatening Food Web of Oceans, Science Panel Says." New York Times, January 30, 2009.|
|4||Chemical activity. Work of separation|
|5||Separation at finite recovery. Osmosis|
|6||Reverse osmosis. Solution-diffusion model||Fritzmann, C., et al. "State-of-the-Art Reverse Osmosis Desalination." Desalination 216 (October 2007): 1-76.|
|7||Solution-diffusion model. Crossflow separators||Paul, D. R. "Reformulation of the Solution-Diffusion Theory of Reverse Osmosis." Journal of Membrane Science 241 (October 2004): 371-386.|
|8||Concentration polarization. RO System engineering|| |
Sauvet-Guichon, Bruno. "Ashkelon Desalination Plant — A Successful Challenge." Desalination 203 (February 2007): 75-81.
Reverse Osmosis Systems (PDF - 2.9MB)
|9||Introduce term project. Electrodialysis||Guest lecture: Amy Smith (PDF - 1.3MB) (Courtesy of Amy Smith. Used with permission.)|
|10||Visit to Koch Membrane Systems||Guest lecture: John McArdle (PDF - 4.7MB) (Courtesy of Koch Membrane Systems. Used with permission.)|
|11||Visit GE Ionics|
Strathmann, Heiner. "The Ion-Exchange Equilibrium and the Donnan Potential," and "The Electrochemical Equilibrium." Sections 3.1.2 and 3.1.3, chapter 2 in Ion-Exchange Membrane Separation Processes. Boston, MA: Elsevier, 2004. ISBN: 9780444502360.
Strathmann, Heiner. "Electromembrane Processes: State-of-the-Art Processes and Recent Developments." European Desalination Society, 2007. (PDF - 1.4MB) (Courtesy of Heiner Strathmann. Used with permission.)
|13||Electrodialysis (cont.). Ion exchange|
|14||Introduction to thermal desalination|
|15||Scale formation. Distillation. Least heat of distillation|
|16||GOR. Combined power generation and distillation||El-Sayed, Y. M., and R. S. Silver. "Fundamentals of Distillation." Chapter 2 in Spielger, K. S., and A. D. K. Laird. Principles of Desalination. 2nd ed., Part A. New York, NY: Academic Press, 1980. ISBN: 9780126567014.|
|17||Single effect distillation. Multi-effect distillation|
|18||Single-stage flash distillation. Multi-stage flash evaporation||Multi-Effect Distillation and Multi-Stage Flash Evaporation (PDF - 4.7MB)|
|19||Vapor compression distillation. Relative desalination costs. Freeze distillation||Miller, James E. "Review of Water Resources and Desalination Technologies." Sandia National Labs (March 2003): SAND 2003-0800. (PDF) (Courtesy of Sandia National Labs. Used with permission.)|
|20||Discussion of term project. Details about Haiti||Guest lecture: Amanda Adams, Mercy and Sharing (PDF - 3.2MB) (Courtesy of Ray Ginther and Amy Smith. Used with permission.)|
|21||Disinfection. Chlorination. Pop quiz!|| |
Murcott, Susan. "Water and Sanitation Literacy Quiz." (PDF) (Courtesy of Susan Murcott. Used with permission.)
|22||Wastewater treatment in the developing world|| |
Harleman, D. R. F., and S. Murcott. "An Innovative Approach to Urban Wastewater Treatment in the Developing World." Water21: Magazine of the International Water Association (June 2001): 1-13.
Ujang, Z., and M. Henze. "Sustainable Sanitation for Developing Countries." Chapter 1 in Municipal Wastewater Management in Developing Countries: Principles and Engineering. London, England: IWA Publishing, 2006. ISBN: 9781843390305.
Tarr, J. A., et al. "Water and Wastes: A Retrospective Assessment of Wastewater Technology in the United States, 1800-1932." Technology and Culture 25 (April 1984): 226-263.
Tarr, J. A. "Origins of the Piped Society." Appendix, in del Porto, David, and Carol Steinfeld. The Composting Toilet System Book. Concord, MA: Center for Ecological Pollution Prevention, 2000, pp. 209-233. ISBN: 9780966678307.
Guest lecture: Susan Murcott (PDF - 7.7MB) (Courtesy of Susan Murcott. Used with permission.)
|23||Solar energy. Solar collectors. Solar stills|| |
Fath, Hassan E. S., et al. "PV and Thermally Driven Small-Scale, Stand-Alone Solar Desalination Systems with Very Low Maintenance Needs." Desalination 225 (2008): 58-69.
Ettouney, H., and L. Rizzuti. "Solar Desalination: A Challenge for Sustainable Fresh Water in the 21st Century." Chapter 1 in Solar Desalination for the 21st Century: A Review of Modern Technologies and Researched on Desalination Coupled to Renewable Energies. Edited by Lucio Rizzuti, Hisham M. Ettouney, and Andrea Cipollina. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer, 2007. ISBN: 9781402055065.
|24||Solar desalination systems; CSP water/power cogeneration||Trieb, Franz, et al. "AQUA-CSP: Concentrating Solar Power for Seawater Desalination." Stuttgart, Germany: DLR, November 2007. (PDF - 7.4MB)|
|25||Particulate removal. Flocculation. Summary||Conclusion (PDF - 5.1MB)|
|26||Final project presentations|
Glasstone, S. Thermodynamics for Chemists. New York, NY: D. Van Nostrand, 1947.