Introduction and course rationale
Course overview and rationale
Why qualitative research?
Shapiro, I. "Problems, Methods, and Theories in Political Science, or: What's Wrong with Political Science and What to Do About it." In Problems and Methods in the Study of Politics. Edited by I. Shapiro, R. M. Smith, and T. E. Masoud. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2004. ISBN: 9780521539432.
Philosophy of social science
Philosophical commitments of social science
Positivist vs. (and?) interpretivist approaches
Behavioral assumptions in social science research
Lakatos, I. "Falsification and the Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes." In Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge. Edited by I. Lakatos and A. Musgrave. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1965. ISBN: 9780521096232.
Morgan, G., and L. Smircich. "The Case for Qualitative Research." Academy of Management Review 5, no. 4 (1980): 491-500.
Bates, R. "The International Coffee Organization: An International Institution." In Analytical Narratives. Edited by R. Bates, et al. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998. ISBN: 9780691001296.
Elster, J. "Rational Choice History." American Political Science Review 94, no. 3 (2000): 685-695.
Sil, R. "Problems Chasing Methods or Methods Chasing Problems? Research Communities, Constrained Pluralism, and the Role of Eclecticism." In Problems and Methods in the Study of Politics. Edited by I. Shapiro, R. M. Smith, and T. E. Masoud. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2004. ISBN: 9780521539432.
Friedman, M. "The Methodology of Positive Economies." In Readings in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. Edited by M. Brodbeck. New York, NY: Macmillan, 1968. ASIN: B000OKUWJK.
Causation, explanation, and mechanisms
What is causal explanation?
Can qualitative research establish causality?
How can qualitative research reveal mechanisms?
Tilly, C. "Mechanisms in Political Processes." Annual Review of Political Science 4 (2001): 21-41.
Chandra, K. "Mechanisms v/s Outcomes." Essay for Symposium on David Laitin's Work, Newsletter of APSA Section on Qualitative Methods, 2006.
Elster, J. "A Plea for Mechanisms." In Social Mechanisms: An Analytical Approach to Social Theory. Edited by Peter Hedstrom and Richard Swedberg. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1998. ISBN: 9780521596879.
Fearon, J. "Counterfactuals and Hypothesis Testing in Political Science." World Politics 43, no. 2 (1991): 169-195.
Research discovery and design
Discovering a research question
Designing qualitative research
George, A., and A. Bennett. Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2005, chapter 4. ISBN: 9780262572224.
What is a case?
Value of case study research.
The problem of case selection
Comparative case method
George, A., and A. Bennett. Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2005, chapter 1. ISBN: 9780262572224.
Geddes, B. "How the Cases you Choose Affect the Answers You Get: Selection Bias and Related Issues." In Paradigms and Sand Castles: Theory Building and Research Design in Comparative Politics. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 2003. ISBN: 9780472068357.
Lijphart, A. "Comparative Politics and the Comparative Method." American Political Science Review 65, no. 3 (1971): 682-93.
Locke, R., and K. Thelen. "Apples and Oranges Revisited: Contextualized Comparisons and the Study of Comparative Labor Politics." Politics & Society 23, no. 3 (1995): 337-367.
Gerring, J. "What Is a Case Study and What is it Good for?" American Political Science Review 98, no. 2 (2004): 341-354.
Collier, D., and J. Mahoney. "Insight and Pitfalls: Selection Bias in Qualitative Research." World Politics 49, no. 1 (1996): 56-91.
Interviews and documentary evidence
Interviews as social events
Issues of language and power
Using documentary evidence
Weiner, M. "Political Interviewing." In Studying Politics Abroad. Edited by R. E. Ward. Boston, MA: Little, Brown, 1964. ASIN: B000HMHY6O.
Ewick, P., and S. Silbey. "Narrating Social Structure: Stories of Resistance to Legal Authority." American Journal of Sociology 108, no. 6 (2003): 1328-1372.
Examples and recommended further readings
Leech, B. L. "Interview Methods in Political Science." American Political Science Association Symposium, 2002.
What is participant observation?
Under what conditions is this approach feasible?
Sewell, W. H. "The Concept(s) of Culture." In Beyond the Cultural Turn: New Directions in the Study of Society and Culture. Edited by V. Bonnell and L. Hunt. Berkeley, CA: University of California, 1999. ISBN: 9780520216792.
Wedeen, L. "Conceptualizing Culture: Possibilities for Political Science." American Political Science Review 96, no. 4 (2002): 713-738.
Becker, H. Outsiders: Studies in the Sociology of Deviance. New York, NY: Free Press, 1963. ASIN: B0006AYFSW.
|8||Survey research|| |
Boyd, R. W., and H. H. Hyman. "Survey Research." In Handbook of Political Science. Vol. 7, Strategies of Inquiry. Edited by F. Greenstein and N. Polsby. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1975. ISBN: 9780201026016.
Examples and suggested additional readings
Frey, F. W. "Cross-Cultural Survey Research in Political Science." In The Methodology of Comparative Research. Edited by R. T. Holt and J. E. Turner. New York, NY: Free Press, 1970. ISBN: 9780029148501.
Smith, B., and R. Turner. "The Quality of Survey Research in Authoritarian Regimes: Brazil and the Southern Cone of Latin America in the 1970s." In Statistical Abstract of Latin America. Edited by J. Wilkie. Los Angeles, CA: UCLA, 1984. ISBN: 9780879032425.
Lewis, I. A., and William Schneider. "Is the Public Lying to the Pollsters?" Public Opinion (1982): 42-47.
Verba, S. "The Uses of Survey Research in the Study of Comparative Politics: Issues and Strategies." In Comparative Survey Analysis. Edited by Stein Rokkan, et al. The Hague, Mouton, 1969.
Scheuch, Erwin K. "The Cross-Cultural Use of Sample Surveys: Problems of Comparability." In Comparative Survey Analysis. Edited by Stein Rokkan, et al. The Hague, Mouton, 1969.
Stokes, S. C. "Politics and Latin America's Urban Poor: Reflections from a Lima Shantytown." Latin American Research Review 26, no. 2 (1991): 75-101.
Maintaining field notes
Ethics of fieldwork
Read, B., L. M. MacLean, and M. Cammett. "Symposium: Field Research: How Rich? How Thick? How Participatory?" Qualitative Methods 4, no. 2 (2006): 9-18.
Piore, M. "Qualitative Research: Does it Fit in Economics?" European Management Review 3 (2006): 17-23.
Aberbach, J., et al. "Exploring Elite Political Attitudes: Some Methodological Lessons." Political Methodology 2 (1975): 1-27.
|10-12||Research proposal presentations|| |
Przeworski, A., and F. Salomon. "On the Art of Writing Proposals: Some Candid Suggestions for Applicants to Social Science Research Council Competitions." 1988.
Students may find the following texts useful: