11.201 | Fall 2002 | Graduate

Gateway: Planning Action


UNIT I: The Framework: Taking Action.

The steps refer to the Seven Step Model of Planning Practice.

Step 1: Define the Problem.

Webber and Rittel. “Dilemmas in a general theory of planning.” Policy Sciences 4, no.2 (1973): pp. 155-169.

Gans. “People and Plans: Essays on Urban Problems and Solutions.” Chapter 16 in Social and Physical Planning for the Elimination of Urban Poverty. New York: Basic Books Inc., 1968, pp. 231-248.

Step 2: Map Stakeholder Interests.

Meyerson and Banfield. “Politics, Planning and the Public Interest.” Note on Conceptual Scheme. London: Collier-Macmillan, 1964, pp. 303-329.

Step 3: Analyze Institutional Resistance and Pressures for Reform.

Krumholz. “A retrospective view of equity planning 1969-1979.” Journal of the American Planning Association 48 (1982): pp. 163-174.

Jacobs. “Death and Life of Great American Cities.” New York, NY: Random House, 1961, pp. 415-427.

Friedmann. “Planning in the Public Domain: discourse and praxis.” Journal of Planning Education and Research 8 (1989): pp. 128-130.

Step 4: Engage the Stakeholders.

Davidoff, Paul. “Advocacy and Pluralism in Planning.” Journal of the American Institute of Planners 31 (1965): pp. 103-114.

Peattie. “Reflections on Advocacy Planning.” Journal of the American Institute of Planners 34, no. 2 (1968): pp. 80-88.

Hartman. “Between Eminence And Notoriety: Four Decades Of Radical Urban Planning.” The Urban Field Service Program. New Brunswick, NJ: Center for Urban Policy Research, 2002, pp. 367-374.

Abrams. “Man’s Struggle for Shelter in an Urbanizing World.” S_ome principles for urban aid._ Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1964, pp. 250-252.

Step 5: Seek Agreement On What Needs To Be Done.

Kent. “The Urban General Plan.” San Francisco, CA: Chandler, 1964, [Chapter 1, pp. 12- 26, Chapter 2, pp. 66-73, pp. 80-86].

Altshuler. “The City Planning Process: a Political Analysis.” Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1969, [pp. 299-304, pp. 311-332].

Step 6: Implement Changes in Policies, Programs and Procedures.

Lindblom. “The Science of Muddling Through.” Public Administration Review 19 (1959): pp. 79-88.

Wildavsky. “If Planning is everything, Maybe it is Nothing.” Policy Sciences 4 (2) (1973): pp. 127-153.

Caro. “The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York.” Edited by Alfred A. Knopf. New York, NY, 1974, [pp. 368-379, and pp. 850-884].

Step 7: Reflect, Encourage Public Learning, Make Assessments.

Schon. “The Reflective Practitioner: How Professionals Think in Action.” New York, NY: Basic Books Inc., 1982, [Chapter 2, pp. 21-69, Chapter 7, pp. 204-235].

UNIT II: Boston.

“General Plan for Boston: Preliminary Report 1950.” 1950, pp. 3, 7, 8.

Kennedy. “Planning the City Upon a Hill.” Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 1992. [Collins, Logue, and the New Boston, pp. 157-192].

Keyes. “The Rehabilitation Planning Game: A Study in the Diversity of Neighborhood.” Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1969, [Chapter One pp. 1-19, and pp. 67-87].

Keyes. “Urban Renewal in Boston’s South End: Case Study 1965/75 General Plan for the City of Boston and the Regional Core.” The Role and Nature of the General Plan in Chapter I, pp. 1-4 and Boston’s Physical Assets and Problems in Chapter II (1998), pp. 7-30.

UNIT III: Mexico.

Selection of web articles in English and Spanish.

Ward. “Mexico City.” Lincoln, MA: G.K. Hall and Co, 1990, pp.128-134.

Davis. “Mexico City: The Local-National Dynamics of Democratization.” In Capital City Politics in Latin America: Democratization and Empowerment. Edited by Dietz and Meyers. Lynne Rienner: Boulder, CO, 2002, pp. 241-259.

Ward and Rodriguez. “New Federalism and State Government in Mexico.” U.S.-Mexico Policy Report #9, LBJ School of Public Affairs, Austin, TX: University of Texas, 1999, [pp. 1-4; pp. 21-39; pp. 65-95; pp. 98-126].

Schteingart. “Mexico City.” In The Metropolitan Era Volume 2: Mega-Cities. Edited by Dogan and Kasarda. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 1988, pp. 268-293.

Rosan, and Davis, Christina. “¡No Al Aeropuerto en Texcoco! Regional Decision-Making and Community Counter mobilization: The Siting of Mexico City’s New Airport.” Masters in City Planning Thesis, submitted to the Department of Urban Studies and Planning: MIT, 2002.

UNIT IV: Rotterdam.

“Borders to Cross Organisers 2000.” The Border Story: What Happened at Borders to Cross. Amsterdam, NL: Agora Europa.

Schön. “The Theory of Inquiry: Dewey’s Legacy to Education.” Curriculum Inquiry 22, no.2 (1992).

Evans. “Political Strategies for More Livable Cities.” Livable Cities: Urban Struggles for Livelihood and Sustainability. Edited by Evans. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2002, pp. 222-246.

Cities in Transition. Edited by Graafland and Hauptman. Rotterdam: 010 Publishers, 2001.
- Graafland. “Introduction: Cities in Transition.” [pp. 30-35].
- de Bruijn. “The Port of Rotterdam: Synthesis between Rotterdam City and Mainport.” [pp. 70-80].
- Maas. “Project: Port City, 1999.” [pp. 122-127].
- Meyer. “The Port as Public Domain.” [p. 160-167].
- Brusse. “Chaos behind the Sea Wall: Interview with Dirk Frieling.” [pp. 378-386].
- Priemus. “Recent Transformations in Urban Policies in the Netherlands.” [pp. 388-403].

The City Reader. Edited by LeGates and Stout. London, UK: Routledge, 1996.
- Sassen. “A new geography of centers and margins: summary and implications.” _Cities in a World Economy (_1994): pp. 69- 74.
- Castells. “The reconstruction of social meaning in the space of flows.” The Informational City (1989): pp. 493-498.

Healy. “Collaborative Planning: Shaping Places in Fragmented Societies.” Chapter 1 of Traditions of Planning Thought. Vancouver, BC: UBC Press, 1997, pp.7-30.

Laws, Susskind, Anderson, Chapman, Rubenstein and Vagadama. “Public Entrepreneurship Networks.” Environmental Technology and Public Policy Program. Department of Urban Studies and Planning, MIT (2001).


Guttenberg. “Some important facts in the history of American planning.” Journal of Planning Education and Research 7, no. 1 (1987).

Rodwin and Sanyal. “The Profession of City Planning: Changes, Images and Challenges: 1950-2000.” New Brunswick, NJ: Center for Urban Policy Research (2000).

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