11.302J | Spring 2010 | Graduate

Urban Design Politics


1 Introduction: Urban Design Politics: From MIT to “The Capital of the World” [No readings]
2 Three Perspectives on the Politics of Design

1) Political Science: How is political power constructed through space?

Edelman, Murray. “Architecture, Spaces, and Social Order.” In From Art to Politics: How Artistic Creations Shape Political Conceptions. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1995, pp. 73-90. ISBN: 9780226184005.

2) History: How is the past manipulated to serve the present?

Hobsbawm, Eric. “Introduction: Inventing Traditions.” In The Invention of Tradition. Edited by Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1983, pp. 1-14. ISBN: 9780521246453.

3) Philosophy: How is meaning conveyed?

Goodman, Nelson. “How Buildings Mean.” In Reconceptions in Philosophy. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett, 1988, pp. 31-48. ISBN: 9780872200524.

3 Three More Perspectives on the Politics of Design

1) Gender Studies: How does gender affect design?

Spain, Daphne. “Space and Status.” In Gendered Spaces. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1992, pp. 1-29. ISBN: 9780807843574.

Fainstein, Susan, and Lisa J. Servon, eds. “Introduction: The Intersection Between Planning and Gender.” In Gender and Planning: A Reader. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2005, pp. 1-12. ISBN: 9780813534992.

Jarvis, Helen, with Paula Kantor, and Jonathan Cloke. “Homes, Jobs, Communities and Networks.” In Cities and Gender. New York, NY: Routledge, 2009, pp. 186-215. ISBN: 9780415415705.

2) Political Economy: Who benefits from urban development?

Logan, John R., and Harvey L. Molotch. “The Social Construction of Cities.” In Urban Fortunes: The Political Economy of Place. Berkeley, CA: University of Califonia Press, 1987, pp. 1-12. ISBN: 9780520055773.

Zukin, Sharon. “Market, Place, and Landscape.” In Landscapes of Power: From Detroit to Disney World. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1991, pp. 3-23. ISBN: 978052007221.

3) Anthropology: Whose perspective matters?

Peattie, Lisa. “Representation.” In Planning: Rethinking Ciudad Guayana. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 1987, pp. 111-52. ISBN: 9780472080694.

4 The Political Extremes of Urban Design 1: Mussolini’s Rome

Payne, Stanley G. “What do We Mean by Fascism?” In Fascism: Comparison and Definition. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1980. ISBN: 9780299080600.

Painter, Borden. “Mussolini’s Obsession With Rome,” “Celebration and Construction, 1932-1934,” and “Architecture, Propaganda, and the Fascist Revolution.” In Mussolini’s Rome: Rebuilding the Eternal City. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, pp. 1-38, and 59-90. ISBN: 9781403980021.

Ghirardo, Diane Yvonne. “Italian Architects and Fascist Politics: An Evaluation of the Rationalist’s Role in Regime Building.” Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 39, no. 2 (May 1980): 109-27.

Falasca-Zamponi, Simonetta. “Mussolini’s Aesthetic Politics.” In Fascist Spectacle: The Aesthetics of Power in Mussolini’s Italy. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 2000, pp. 15-41. ISBN: 9780520226777.

5 The Political Extremes of Urban Design 2: Berlin, Pre-War to Post-Wall

Helmer, Stephen. Hitler’s Berlin: The Speer Plans for Reshaping the Central City. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Research Press, 1985, pp. 27-48. ISBN: 9780835716826.

Speer, Albert. “Responsibility and Response.” Journal of Architectural Education 32, no. 2 (November 1978): 18. Translated by Dennis Domer.

Krier, Leon. “Forward Comrades, We Must Go Back.” Oppositions 24 (September 1981): 26-37.

Ockman, Joan. “The Most Interesting Form of Lie.” Oppositions 24 (September 1981): 38-47.

Ladd, Brian. “Nazi Berlin,” “Divided Berlin,” and “Capital of the New Germany.” In The Ghosts of Berlin: Confronting German History in the Urban Landscape. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1997, pp. 127-235. ISBN: 9780226467610.

Wise, Michael Z. “Master Plan for a Government District,” “Choosing a Chancellery,” and “Norman Foster’s Reichstag: Illuminating Shadows of the Past.” In Capital Dilemma: Germany’s Search for a New Architecture of Democracy. New York, NY: Princeton Architectural Press, 1998, pp. 57-80 and 121-34. ISBN: 9781568981345.

Jordan, Jennifer. “Blank Slates and Authentic Traces: Memorial Culture in Berlin After 1945.” In Structures of Memory: Understanding Urban Change in Berlin and Beyond. Stanford University Press, 2006, pp. 23-58. ISBN: 9780804752770.

6 The Political Extremes of Urban Design 3: Capital Cities

Vale, Lawrence J. Architecture, Power, and National Identity. London: Routledge, 2008, 2nd ed., chapters 3-5. ISBN: 9780415955157.

———. “Mediated Monuments and National Identity.” Journal of Architecture (Winter 1999): 391-408.

Wright, Gwendolyn. The Politics of Design in French Colonial Urbanism. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1991. ISBN: 9780226908489.

Goodsell, Charles T. The Social Meaning of Civic Space: Studying Political Authority Through Architecture. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1988. ISBN: 9780700603473.

7 The Design Politics of Developing Public Housing

Gropius, Walter. “Sociological Premises for the Minimum Dwelling of Urban Industrial Populations,” and “Houses, Walk-ups or Highrise Apartment Blocks?” In The Scope of Total Architecture. New York, NY: Collier Books, 1962.

Vale, Lawrence J. “Building Selective Collectives.” In From the Puritans to the Projects: Public Housing and Public Neighbors. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000, pp. 162-266. ISBN: 9780674002869.

———. “Standardizing Public Housing.” In Regulating Place: Standards and the Shaping of Urban America. Edited by Eran Ben-Joseph and Terry Szold. New York, NY: Routledge, 2004. ISBN: 9780415948746.

8 The Design Politics of Redeveloping Public Housing

Franck, Karen A., and Michael Mostoller. “From Courts to Open Space to Streets: Changes in the Site Design of U.S. Public Housing.” Journal of Architectural and Planning Research 12, no. 3 (Autumn, 1995): 186-220.

Newman, Oscar. “Housing Design and the Control of Behavior” and “Site-Planning Guidelines for Housing.” In Community of Interest. Garden City, NY: Anchor Press/Doubleday, 1981, pp. 48-77, and 193-213. ISBN: 9780385111232.

Calthorpe, Peter. “HOPE VI and New Urbanism.” In From Despair to Hope: HOPE VI and the New Promise of Public Housing in America’s Cities. Edited by Henry Cisneros and Lora Engdahl. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2009, pp. 49-64. ISBN: 9780815714255.

9 The Design Politics of Urban Security

Low, Setha. “Unlocking the Gated Community.” In Behind the Gates: Life, Security, and the Pursuit of Happiness in Fortress America. New York, NY: Routledge, 2004, pp. 7-26. ISBN: 9780415950411.

Nelson, Robert H. “Introduction: A Constitutional Revolution.” In Private Neighborhoods and the Transformation of Local Government. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press, 2005, pp. 1-18. ISBN: 9780877667513.

Federal Emergency Management Agency. “Site and Urban Design for Security: Guidance Against Potential Terrorist Attacks.” FEMA 430. Washington, DC: FEMA, December 2007. Chapters 1 and 4.

Coaffee, Jon, David Murakami Wood, and Peter Rogers. “Controlling the Risky City,” and “The Intensification of Control: Towards Urban Resilience.” In The Everyday Resilience of the City: How Cities Respond to Terrorism and Disaster. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008, pp. 67-109. ISBN: 9780230546738.

10 The Design Politics of Urban Resilience

Vale, Lawrence J., and Thomas J. Campanella, eds. “Introduction: The Cities Rise Again,” and “Conclusion: Axioms of Resilience.” In The Resilient City: How Modern Cities Recover from Disaster. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2005, pp. 3-23, and 335-355. ISBN: 9780195175837.

Coaffee, Jon, David Murakami Wood, and Peter Rogers. “States of Protection and Emergency: The Rise of Resilience.” In The Everyday Resilience of the City: How Cities Respond to Terrorism and Disaster. Palgrave Macmillan, 2008, pp. 110-32. ISBN: 9780230546738.

Klein, Naomi. “Blanking the Beach: The Second Tsunami,” and “Disaster Apartheid: A World of Green Zones and Red Zones.” In The Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism. New York, NY: Picador, 2008, pp. 487-534. ISBN: 9780312427993.

11 Student Presentations 1  [No readings]
12 Student Presentations 2  [No readings]
13 Student Presentations 3  [No readings]

Course Info

As Taught In
Spring 2010
Learning Resource Types
Written Assignments with Examples