11.364 | Fall 2010 | Graduate
International Environmental Negotiation


1 Introduction, and global environmental treaty-making: How should we judge the outcomes? (Susskind)

Susskind, Lawrence. Environmental Diplomacy. Oxford University Press, 1996. ISBN: 9780195075946.

Porter, Gareth, Janet Welsh Brown, and Pamela S. Chasek. Chapters 1-4 in Global Environmental Politics. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000. ISBN: 9780813321813.

Kousky, Carolyn, Olga Rostapshova, Mike Toman, and Richard Zeckhauser. “Responding to Threats of Climate Change Mega-Catastrophes.” Washington, DC: Resources for the Future, October, 2009. (PDF)

2 The politics: North-South relations, role of civil society; role of international business interests (Susskind)

Najam, Adil, Ioli Christopoulou, and William Moomaw. “The Emergent ‘System’ of Global Environmental Governance.” Global Environmental Politics 4, no. 4 (2004).

Prins, and Rayner. “Time to Ditch Kyoto.” Nature 449 (October 25, 2007): 973-975.

Najam, Adil. “Dynamics of the Southern Collective.” Global Environmental Politics 4, no. 3 (2004).

Schreurs, M. “International Environmental Negotiations, the State, and Environmental NGOs in Japan.” The Global Development Research Center, 1996.

3 The negotiations: Multi-party negotiations and the problems of treaty enforcement (Susskind)

Susskind, Lawrence E., Boyd W. Fuller, Michèle Ferenz, and David Fairman. “Multistakeholder Dialogue at the Global Scale.” International Negotiation 8 (2003): 235-266.

Zartman, William. “International Environmental Negotiation: Challenges of Analysis and Practice.” Negotiation Journal 8, no. 2 (April 1992): 113-123.

4 The science: What role for science and scientists? (Moomaw)

Moomaw, William. The History of Climate Change and Climate Science. The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. IPCC Fourth Assessment Report.

InterAcademy Council. “InterAcademy Council Report Recommends Fundamental Reform of IPCC Management Structure.” Review of the IPCC, 2010.


Dozier, K. “’Climate Gate’ Casts Cloud on Change Meeting.” CBS News, 2009.

Lambert, Tim. “Climate Scientists Vindicated Yet Again.” ScienceBlogs, 2010.

Adam, D."’Climategate’ Review Clears Scientists of Dishonesty Over Data." Guardian News and Media, 2010.

5 Simulation activity: The chlorine game No readings

Climate treaty making: 1988- 2009 (Moomaw)

Discussion of chlorine treaty simulation results (Susskind & Moomaw)

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Text of the UNFCC Convention. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Kyoto Protocol of the UNFCC. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

The “Rio Conventions”- Climate Change, Biodiversity, and Desertification. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Earth Negotiations Bulletin.

Moomaw, W., K. Ramakrishna, K. Gallagher, and T. Freid. “The Kyoto Protocol: A Blueprint for Sustainable Development.” Journal of Environment and Development 26 (1999): 159-166.

7 Copenhagen evaluations - short student presentations (Susskind & Moomaw)

Dubash, N. K. “Copenhagen: Climate of Mistrust.” Economic and Political Weekly (EPW) 54, no. 52 (December 2009): 8-1

Report: The Copenhagen Accord: A Stepping Stone?” World Wildlife Fund.

8 Copenhagen evaluations – presentations (cont.) (Susskind & Moomaw) No readings
9 Status of the Cancun round of negotiations (Moomaw)

“Joint Statement Issued at the Conclusion of the Fifth BASIC Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change.” Ministry of Environment and Forests, Climate Change Division, Government of India.

United Nations Climate Change Conference Web site.

Student Presentations – outlines
10 (Susskind & Moomaw) No readings
11 (Susskind & Moomaw) No readings
Final Student Presentations
12 (Susskind & Moomaw) No readings
13 (Susskind & Mommaw) No readings
14 (Susskind & Moomaw) No readings
15 Remaining student presentations/concluding discssion/last possible day to hand in final papers/class dinner No readings

Optional Readings

The Multilaterals Project. The Fletcher School, Tufts University.

Barrett, Scott. Environment and Statecraft. Oxford University Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780199286096.

Speth, James Gustave, and Peter M. Haas. Global Environmental Governance. Island Press, 2006. ISBN: 9781597260817.

Wapner, Paul. Environmental Activism and World Civic Politics. State University of New York Press, 1996. ISBN: 9780791427903.

Buy at MIT Press Young, Oran, ed. The Effectiveness of International Environmental Regimes. MIT Press, 1999. ISBN: 9780262740234.

Supplemental Readings

Those who would like more general background on issues of international environmental negotiation may browse:

Ostrom, Elinor. Governing the Commons. Cambridge University Press, 1991. ISBN: 9780521405997.

Young, Oran. International Cooperation: Building Regimes for Natural Resources and the Environment. Cornell University Press, 1989. ISBN: 9780801495212.

Background Information on International Relations:

Axelrod, Robert, and Robert Keohane. Cooperation Under Anarchy. Princeton University Press, 1986.

Soroos, Marvin. Beyond Sovereignty: The Challenge of Global Policy. University of South Carolina, 1986.

Background Information on International Negotiation:

Fisher, Roger. International Conflict for Beginners. Harper and Row, New York, 1969. ISBN: 9780061319112.

Zartman, William, and Maureen Berman. The Practical Negotiator. Yale University Press, 1982. ISBN: 9780300030976.

Background Information on International Environmental Law or Management:

Hunter, David, James Salzman, and Durwood Zaelke. International Environmental Law and Policy. Foundation Press, 2006. ISBN: 9781599410418.

Course Info
As Taught In
Fall 2010