11.368 | Fall 2004 | Graduate

Environmental Justice


1 Introduction  
2 Views of Environmental In-Justice

Bullard, Robert. “Race, Class, and the Politics of Place.” Chapter 2 in Dumping in Dixie: Race, Class, and Environmental Quality. Boulder: Westview Press, 1990.

Rechtschaffen, Clifford, and Eileen Guana. “Theories of Causation.” Chapter 2 in Environmental Justice: Law, Policy, and Regulation. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2002, pp. 27-52.

U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. Not in My Backyard: Executive Order 12,898 and Title VI as Tools for Achieving Environmental Justice. 2003, pp. 13-28. Available online (PDF - 1.9 MB).

3 Local and National Mobilization

Cole, Luke W., and Sheila R. Foster. Chapter 1 in From the Ground Up: Environmental Racism and the Rise of the Environmental Justice Movement. New York: New York University Press, 2001, pp. 19-33.

Checker, Melissa. “Like Nixon Coming to China’: Finding Common Ground in a Multi-Ethnic Coalition for Environmental Justice.” Anthropological Quarterly 74, no. 3 (2001): 135-146.

Principles of EJ.” The First National People of Color Environmental Summit.

Gottlieb, Robert. “Ethnicity as a Factor: The Quest for Environmental Justice.” Chapter 7 in Forcing the Spring: The Transformation of the American Environmental Movement. Washington, DC: Island Press, 1993, pp. 235-269.

4 Theories of Justice and the Environment

Pellow, David N. “Environmental Inequality Formation: Toward a Theory of Environmental Injustice.” American Behavioral Scientist 43, no. 4 (2000): 581-601.

Schlosberg, David. “The Justice of Environmental Justice: Reconciling Equity, Recognition, and Participation in a Political Movement.” In Moral and Political Reasoning in Environmental Practice. Edited by A. Light and A De-Shalit. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003, pp. 77-106.

5 Reviewing the Evidence

Rechtschaffen, Clifford, and Eileen Guana. “The Evidence.” Chapters 2 and 3 in Environmental Justice: Law, Policy, and Regulation. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2002, pp. 55-83.

Willliams, B. “A River Runs Through Us.” American Anthropologist 103, no. 2 (2002): 409-431.

6 Modes of Environmental Justice Analysis

Institute of Medicine. “Research.” In Toward Environmental Justice - Research, Education, and Health Policy Needs. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1999, pp. 23-43.

Pulido, Laura. “A Critical Review of the Methodology of Environmental Racism Research.” Antipode 28 no. 2 (1996): 142-159.

Fox, M. A. “Evaluating Cumulative Risk Assessment for Environmental Justice: A Community Case Study.” Environmental Health Perspectives 110, no. 2 (2002): 203-209.

Maantay, J. “Mapping Environmental Injustices: Pitfalls and Potential of Geographic Information Systems in Assessing Environmental Health and Equity.” Environmental Health Perspectives 110, no. 2 (2002): 161-171.

Taquino, M. “Units of Analysis and the Environmental Justice Hypothesis: The Case of Industrial Hog Farms.” Social Science Quarterly 83, no. 1 (2002): 298-316.

Corburn, Jason. “Combining Community-Based Research and Local Knowledge to Confront Asthma and Subsistence-Fishing Hazards in Greenpoint/Williamsburg, Brooklyn, New York.” Environmental Health Perspectives 110, no. 2 (2002): 241-248.

Williams, Robert W. “The Contested Terrain of Environmental Justice Research: Community as a Unit of Analysis.” The Social Science Journal 36, no. 2 (1999): 313-328.

7 Government Responses

Gaylord, Clarice E., and Elizabeth Bell. “Environmental Justice: A National Priority.” Chapter 2 in Faces of Environmental Racisim: Confronting Issues of Global Justice by L. Westra and B. E. Lawson. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2001, pp. 29-41.

Rechtschaffen, Clifford, and Eileen Guana. “The Executive Order on Environmental Justice,” and “Memorandum.” In Environmental Justice: Law, Policy, and Regulation. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2002, pp. 391-397.

Review the Interagency Working Group’s activities.

Review one or more reports /recommendations from the National Environmental Justice Advisory Council.

Environmental Justice in the Permitting Process (1999)

Environmental Justice and Community-Based Health Model Discussion(2000)

NEJAC Report on Integration of Environmental Justice in Federal Programs (2000)

Fish Consumption and Environmental Justice (2001)

Advancing Environmental Justice through Pollution Prevention (2002)

U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. Not in My Backyard: Executive Order 12,898 and Title VI as Tools for Achieving Environmental Justice. 2003. Skim chapters 3 and 4. Available online (PDF - 1.9 MB).

8 Environmental Justice in Practice

Kellogg, Wendy A., and Anjali Mathur. “Environmental Justice and Information Technologies: Overcoming the Information-Access Paradox in Urban Communities.” Public Administration Review 63, no. 5 (2003): 573-585.

Illsley, Barbara M. “Good Neighbour Agreements: The First Step to Environmental Justice?” Local Environment 7, no. 1 (2002): 69-79.

Warner, Kee. “Linking Local Sustainability Initiatives with Environmental Justice.” Local Environment." 7, no. 1 (2002): 35-47.

Hillman, Mick. “Environmental Justice: A Crucial Link Between Environmentalism and Community Development.” Community Development Journal 37, no. 4 (2002): 349-360.

National Academy of Public Administration. Addressing Community Concerns: How Environmental Justice Relates to Land Use Planning and Zoning. 2003. 
Read the executive summary and any other sections of interest. Available online (PDF - 3.5MB).

9 Exporting Injustice

Clapp, Jennifer. “Hazard Transfer From Rich to Poor Countries.” Chapter 1 in Toxic Exports: The Transfer of Hazardous Wastes from Rich to Poor Countries. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2001, pp. 1-20.

Dubal, Veena, Jung Lah, Ian Monroe, and Martha Roberts. “Why Are Some Trade Agreements Greener Than Others? NAFTA versus the European Union.” Earth Island Journal 16, no. 4 (Winter 2001).

Koenig, Kevin. “Chevron-Texaco on Trial.” World Watch 17, no. 1 (2004): 10-19.

Yang, Tseming. “Of Borders, Fences, and Global Environmentalism.” Chicago Journal of International Law 4, no. 1 (2003): 237-244.

Adeola, Francis. “Cross-national Environmental Injustice and Human Rights Issues: A Review of Evidence in the Developing World.” The American Behavioral Scientist 43, no. 4 (2000): 686-706.

10 Presentations  
11 Presentations (cont.)  
12 The Future of Environmental Justice

Goldman, Benjamin. “What is the Future of Environmental Justice?” Antipode 28, no. 2 (1996): 122-141.

Agyeman, J, R., Bullard R., and V. Evans. “Exploring the Nexus: Bringing Together Sustainability, Environmental Justice and Equity.” Space and Polity 6, no. 1 (2002): 70-90.

Course Info

As Taught In
Fall 2004