11.945 | Spring 2004 | Graduate

Springfield Studio



Course Introduction

Urban Neighborhood Decline: Causes, Consequences, Challenges in Springfield

Keating, W. Dennis, and Janet Smith. “Neighborhoods in Transition.” Chapter 2 in Revitalizing Urban Neighborhoods, by W. Dennis Keating, Norman Krumholz, and Philip Star. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 1996, pp. 24-38.

Barnett, Jonathan. “How the Metropolis Split Apart.” Chapter 5 in The Fractured Metropolis . Boulder, CO: Westview Press (Icon Editions), pp. 95-118.

2 Ways of Seeing: Assessing the Physical and Social Environment of a Community

Jacobs, Allan. “Clues,” and “Seeing Change.” In Looking at Cities. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1985, pp. 30-83, and 99-107.

Lynch, Kevin. “A Walk around the Block.” In  City Sense and City Design: Writings and Projects of Kevin Lynch. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1980, pp. 185-204.

1958 North End Urban Renewal Plan. pp. 1 through R-26.

Rivera, Edward. Family Installments. New York: Morrow, 1982, chapter 9.

For Reference (skim)

NNCC Plan for the North End (binder).

Brightwood/Memorial Square Neighborhood Plans (binder).

3 Field Trip to the North End, Springfield, Massachusetts  
4 Field Trip Debriefing and Resource Review

Raelin, Joseph A. “Public Reflection as the Basis of Learning.” Management Learning 32, no. 1 (2001): 11-30. (Ceasar)

Flores, Juan. “Broken English Memories.” In From Bomba to Hip Hop. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000, pp. 49-61.

Stein, Stanley M., and Thomas L. Harper. “Power, Trust and Planning.” Journal of Planning Education and Research 23 (2003): 125-139.

Brown, Michael K., et. al. “Of Fish and Water: Perspectives on Racism and Privilege.” In Whitewashing Race. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003, pp. 34-65.

Edelman, Murray. “Space and the Social Order.” Journal of Architectural Education 32, no. 2 (November 1978): 2-7.

5 Work Session: Urban Design Analysis Goals and Techniques

Moughtin, Cliff. “Analysis.” In Urban Design: Method and Techniques. Oxford: Architectural Press, 2003, pp. 73-98.

Allen, Ryan, and Tad Hisch. “When Is a Broken Window Just a Broken Window?” 2003. (Unpublished Manuscript)

Whitlow, Annis. “Hidden Flows: The History of Water in Springfield, MA.” 2003. (Unpublished Manuscript)

Flores, Juan. “Salvacion Casita: Space, Performance, and Community.” In  From Bomba to Hip Hop. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000, pp. 63-77.

Wilson, Phoebe Wall. “A Day in the Life of a Neighborhood Place.” In Everyday Urbanism. Edited by John Chase, Margaret Crawford, and John Kaliski. 1999, pp. 120-135.


Work Session: Urban Design Analysis

Guest: Andrew Grace, Senior Urban Designer Boston Redevelopment Authority

Review various master plans and revitalization plans on reserve in Rotch Library. Take particular note of the scope of each project, the methodology used, the elements of the plan, and the level of detail offered.

Hayden, Dolores. The Power of Place. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1996. Selections from “Urban Landscape History: The Sense of Place and the Politics of Space” (pp. 14-43), and from “Place Memory and Urban Preservation” (pp. 44-78).

7 Community Needs: Programming

Hayden, Dolores. “Invisible Angelenos.” In  The Power of Place. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1996, pp. 82-96.

Barber, Benjamin. Strong Democracy: Participatory Politics for a New Age. Berkeley: University of California, 1984, pp. 117-138.

North End Strategic Plan, 2003 (binder).

Sanoff, Henry. Community Participation in Design and Planning. New York: John Wiley, 2000, pp. 8-14, and 37-104.

Weisman, Leslie Kanes. “The Spatial Caste System: Design for Social Inequality.” In Discrimination by Design: A Feminist Critique of the Man-made Environment. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1992, pp. 9-34.


Work Session: Case Studies

Guests: LaTonya Green, and Steve Heikin

Strickland, Roy. “Neighborhoods for Learning.” Places 13, no. 1 (Winter 2000): 58-65.

Boyer, Earnest L. “Neighborhoods for Learning.” Ready To Learn. Princeton: Carnegie Foundation, 1991, pp. 91-107.

Dewey, John. “The School in Society.” In Martin Dworkin, Dewey on Education, pp. 70-90.

Rivera, Edward. Family Installments. New York: Morrow, 1982, chapters 4 and 5, pp. 70-115.

On Reserve (skim)

Strickland, Roy. “Pre-programming PreK-8 and Related Facilities for the Union City Board of Education.” MIT: New American School Design Project, 1998.

———. “Designing a City of Learning: Patterson New Jersey.” New American School Project, 2001.

9 Community Capacity

Glickman, and Servon. “More than Bricks and Sticks: What is Community Development Capacity.” CUPR Working Paper No. 132, Center for Urban Policy Research, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, 1997.

McKnight, John L., and John P. Kretzmann. Mapping Community Capacity. Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University, 1996, pp. 1-21.

The Aspen Institute. “Chapter 2: Dynamic Tensions in Early CCI Practice.” Voices From the Field. 1997, pp. 21-53.

Fanon, Frantz. “Violence in the International Context.” In The Wretched of the Earth. New York: Grove Press, 1963, pp. 95-106.

Farmer, Paul. “Chapter Five: Health, Healing, and Social Justice.” In Pathologies of Power. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003, pp. 139-159.

Torres, Gerald. “The Legacy of Conquest and Discovery: Meditations of Ethnicity, Race, and American Politics.” In Borderless Borders: U.S. Latinos, Latin Americans, and the Paradox of Interdependence. Phildelphia: Temple University Press, 1998, pp. 153-168.

10 Physical Design Strategies Part 1

Jacobs, Allan. “Requirements for Great Streets,” and “Qualities that Contribute.” Chapters 1 and 2 in Great Streets. Vol. 2. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993, pp. 270-308.

Skim for Reference

Marcus, Clare Cooper, and Carolyn Francis, eds. People Places: Design Guidelines for Urban Open Space. New York, NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1990, pp. 69-115, and 143-169.

Other References

Goody, Clancy & Associates, Inc. A Civic Vision for Turnpike Air Rights in Boston. Boston, Massachusetts, June 2000.

City of Springfield Streetscape Guidelines.

City Repair Project.

11 Physical Design Strategies Part 2

Kaliski, John. “The Present City and the Practice of City Design.” In Everyday Urbanism. Edited by John Chase, Margaret Crawford, and John Kaliski. pp. 88-109.

Piore, Michael. Birds of Passage: Migrant Labor and Industrial Societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979. Selections: “Introduction” (pp. 1-14), “The Jobs” (pp. 15-49), “The Migrants” (pp. 50-85).

Morales, Julio. Puerto Rican Poverty and Migration: We Just Had to Try Elsewhere. New York: Praeger, 1986. Selections: “Introduction” (pp. xv - xvii), “Puerto Rico and the Migration to New York City” (pp. 22-44), “The Migration of the Puerto Rican Agricultural Worker to New England” (pp. 77-89).

King, Desmond. “Chapter Ten: The Diverse Democracy.” In Making Americans: Immigration, Race, and the Origins of a Diverse Democracy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2000.

Rivera, Edward. Family Installments. New York: Morrow, 1982, chapters 1-2.

12 Working Session  
13 Presentation of Student Work  
14 Working Session: Presentation Revisions  
15 Field Trip to North End, Springfield: Client Presentations  
16 Working Session: Development of a Conceptual Plan  
17 Working Session: Development of a Conceptual Plan (cont.)  
18 Presentations of Conceptual Plans  

Implementation Techniques

Guest: Karl Seidman

Seidman, Karl. “Chapter 7: Real Estate Finance,” “Chapter 14: Federal Economic Development Programs,” and “Chapter 15: Municipal Finance Tools.” In  Economic Development Finance. Sage Publications. (Forthcoming)
20 Working Session  
21 Working Session  
22 Working Session  
23 Working Session: Synthesis of Ideas  
24 Working Session: Synthesis of Ideas (cont.)  
25 Synthesis - Final Plan Integration, Key Findings and Themes  
26 Presentation of Draft Plans  
27 Presentation of Draft Plans (cont.)  
28 Course Conclusion / Reflections  
29 Final Report / Plans Due  
30 Presentations to the Client  
31 Final Presentations  

Course Info

As Taught In
Spring 2004
Learning Resource Types
Image Gallery
Projects with Examples
Activity Assignments