1 Introduction—The rationale for the course: Why is it important to understand the difference between conventional theories and actual outcomes?

Hack, Gary. “Designing Cities and the Academy.” Journal of the American Planning Association 81, no. 3  (2015): 221–9. (ahead-of-print)

Friedmann, John. “A Life in Planning.” Chapter 7 in The Prospect of Cities. University of Minnesota Press, 2002. ISBN: 9780816638840. [Preview with Google Books]

Hirschman, Albert O. Chapter 5 in A Propensity to Self-subversion. Harvard University Press, 1995. ISBN: 9780674715585. [Preview with Google Books]
2 Overview of conventional theories of development, planning, and implementation

Rostow, W. W. “The Stages of Economic Growth.” The Economic History Review 12, no. 1 (1959): 1–16.

Lewis, W. Arthur. “Measures for the Economic Development of Under-developed Countries.” Journal of Farm Economics 33, no. 4 (1951): 585–7.

Meier, Gerald. “Introduction.” In Pioneers in Development (A World Bank Research Publication). Edited by Gerald M. Meier and Dudley Seers. Oxford University Press, 1985. ISBN: 9780195204797.

Rosenstein-Rodan, P. N. “Problems of Industrialisation of Eastern and South-eastern Europe.” The Economic Journal 53, no. 210/11 (1943): 202–11.

Weintraub, David. “International Approaches to Economic Development of Undeveloped Areas.” The Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly 26, no. 3 (1948): 260–8.

Sutcliffe, Robert B. “Balanced and Unbalanced Growth.” The Quarterly Journal of Economics 78, no. 4 (1964): 621–40.

3 One modernity or multiple modernities?

Mazlish, Bruce. “The Idea of Progress.” Daedalus 92, no. 3 (1963): 447–61.

Scott, James C. “Authoritarian High Modernism.” In Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. Yale University Press, 1998, pp. 87–102. ISBN: 9780300070163.

Ferguson, J. “Decomposing Modernity: History and Hierarchy After Development.” In Postcolonial Studies and Beyond. Duke University Press Books, 2005, pp. 166–81. ISBN: 9780822335238.

Eisenstadt, S. N. “Multiple Modernities.” Daedalus 129, no. 1 (2000): 1–29.

Geertz, Clifford. “Modernities.” In After the Fact: Two Countries, Four Decades, One Anthropologist. Harvard University Press, 1996. ISBN: 9780674008724. [Preview with Google Books]

Inkeles, Alex, and David H. Smith. Chapter 2 in Becoming Modern: Individual Change in Six Developing Countries. Harvard University Press, 1974. ISBN: 9780674063754.

4 Assessment of development and planning efforts: What has worked and what has not?

Hirschman, Albert O. “In Defense of Possibilism.” In Rival Views of Market Society and Other Recent Essays. Harvard University Press, 1992. ISBN: 9780674773035. [Preview with Google Books]

Tendler, Judith. “Introduction.” In Good Government in the Tropics. The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997. ISBN: 9780801854521.

Hall, Peter, and Mark Tewdwr-Jones. “Planning, Planners, and Plans.” In Urban and Regional Planning. Routledge, 2010. ISBN: 9780415566544. [Preview with Google Books]

Sen, Amartya. “Market, State, and Social Opportunity in Development.” In Development as Freedom. Oxford Paperbacks, 2001. [Preview with Google Books]

5 Bottom-up versus Top-down development

Tendler, Judith. “What Ever Happened to Poverty Alleviation?World development 17, no. 7 (1989): 1033–44.

Evans, Peter B., Dietrich Rueschemeyer, and Theda Skocpol. Chapter 2 in Bringing the State Back In. Cambridge University Press, 1985. ISBN: 9780521313131. [Preview with Google books]

Robertson, A. F. Chapter 2 in People and the State: An Anthropology of Planned Development. Cambridge University Press, 1984. ISBN: 9780521319485.

Peattie, Lisa. “Planning: Rethinking Ciudad Guayana.” In Planning: Rethinking Ciudad Guayana. University of Michigan Press, 1987. ISBN: 9780472080694.

6 Comprehensive versus incremental planning

Andrews, Matt, Lant Pritchett, et al. “Escaping Capability Traps Through Problem Driven Iterative Adaptation (PDIA).” World Development 51 (2013): 234–44. (Working Paper 299)

Altshuler, Alan. “The Goals of Comprehensive Planning.” Journal of the American Institute of Planners 31, no. 3 (1965): 186–95.

Buy at MIT Press Medina, Eden. Chapter 7 in Cybernetic Revolutionaries: Technology and Politics in Allende’s Chile. MIT Press, 2011. ISBN: 9780262016490.[Preview with Google Books]

Lindblom, Charles E. “The Science of “Muddling Through”.” Public Administration Review 19, no. 2 (1959): 79–88.

7 Under what conditions do public sector institutions perform well?

Grindle, Merilee S., and Mary E. Hilderbrand. “Building Sustainable Capacity in the Public Sector: What can be Done?Public Administration & Development 15, no. 5 (1995): 441–63.

Roll, Michael, ed. The Politics of Public Sector Performance: Pockets of Effectiveness in Developing Countries. Routledge, 2015. ISBN: 9781138956391.

Pires, Roberto R. C. “Beyond the Fear of Discretion: Flexibility, Performance, and Accountability in the Management of Regulatory Bureaucracies.” Regulation & Governance 5, no. 1 (2011): 43–69.

Evans, Peter. “Development Strategies across the Public Private Divide.” In State-Society Synergy: Government and Social Capital in Development. Edited by Peter Evans. University of California International, 1997. ISBN: 9780877251941. (Research Series.)

8 Is politics a hindrance to, or essential for planning?

Hoch, Charles. What Planners Do: Power, Politics, and Persuasion. American Planning Association, 1995. ISBN: 9780918286918.

Krumholz, Norman. Chapter 14 in Making Equity Planning Work: Leadership in the Public Sector. Temple University Press, 1990. ISBN: 9780877227007. [Preview with Google Books]

Natsios, Andrew. “The Clash of the Counter-bureaucracy and Development.” (PDF) Center for Global Development, 2010.

Brooks, Michael P. “The Political Savvy Planner.” In Planning Theory for Practitioners. APA Planners Press, 2002. ISBN: 9781884829598.

Sanyal, Bishwapriya. “Planning as Anticipation of Resistance.” Planning Theory 4, no. 3 (2005): 225–45.

Grindle, Merilee S., and John W. Thomas. “Finding Room for Maneuver.” In Public Choices and Policy Change: The Political Economy of Reform in Developing Countries. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991, pp. 182–94. ISBN: 9780801841569.

9 How do development professionals define what is ethical practice?

Sanyal, Bish. “Globalization, Ethical Compromise and Planning Theory.” Planning Theory 1, no. 2 (2002): 116–23.

Bazerman, Max H., and Ann E. Tenbrunsel. Chapter 2 in Blind Spots: Why We Fail to do What’s Right and What to do About it. Princeton University Press, 2011. [Preview with Google Books]

Giri, Anta Kumar, and Philip Quarles van Ufford, eds. Chapter 9 in A Moral Critique of Development: In Search of Global Responsibilities. Routledge, 2003. ISBN: 9780415276269. [Preview with Google Books]

Schwartz, Barry, and Kenneth Sharpe. Chapter 3 in Practical Wisdom: The Right Way to do the Right Thing. Riverhead Books, 2010. ISBN: 9781594487835. [Preview with Google Books]

Gutmann, Amy, and Dennis F. Thompson. The Spirit of Compromise: Why Governing Demands it and Campaigning Undermines it. Princeton University Press, 2014. ISBN: 9780691160856. [Preview with Google books]

10 Rigidity versus flexibility

Jain, Pankaj S. “Managing Credit for the Rural Poor: Lessons from the Grameen Bank.” World Development 24, no. 1 (1996): 79–89.

Tendler, Judith. Chapter 6 in Good Government in the Tropics. The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997. ISBN: 9780801854521.

Jain, Pankaj S. “Managing for Success: Lessons from Asian Development Programs.” World Development 22, no. 9 (1994): 1363–77.

Brinkerhoff, Derick W., and Marcus D. Ingle. “Integrating Blueprint and Process: A Structured Flexibility Approach to Development Management.” Public Administration and Development 9, no. 5 (1989): 487–503.

Graziano da Silva, Jose F., Mauro Eduardo Del Grossi, et al. “Fome Zero (Zero Hunger Program).” (PDF - 1.7MB) Ministry of Agrarian Development (2013).

Levy, Santiago. Progress Against Poverty: Sustaining Mexico’s Progresa-Oportunidades Program. Brookings Institution, 2007. ISBN: 9780815752219.

11 Modes of evaluation: What is useful knowledge for practitioners?

Sabel, Charles. “Learning by Monitoring: The Institutions of Economic Development.” (PDF - 4.8MB) 1993.

Smelser, Neil, and Richard Swedberg, eds. Handbook of Economic Sociology. Princeton University Press, 2005. ISBN: 9780691121260.

Hirschman, Albert O. Chapter 5 in Development Projects Observed. Brookings Institution Press, 2014. ISBN: 9780815726425.

Schwartz, Barry, and Kenneth Sharpe. Chapter 6 in Practical Wisdom: The Right Way to do the Right Thing. Riverhead Books, 2010. ISBN: 9781594487835. [Preview with Google Books]

Polanyi, Michael. The Tacit Dimension. University of Chicago Press, 2009. ISBN: 9780226672984. [Preview with Google Books]

Hoffman, Lily M. The Politics of Knowledge: Activist Movements in Medicine and Planning. State University of New York Press, 1989, pp. 191–204. ISBN: 9780887069482. [Preview with Google Books]

Friedmann, John. Planning in the Public Domain: From Knowledge to Action. Princeton University Press, 1987. ISBN: 9780691022680. [Preview with Google Books]

12 The social construction of learning institutions

Buy at MIT Press Sanyal, Bishwapriya, Lawrence J. Vale, and Christina Rosan. Chapter 12 in Planning Ideas That Matter: Livability, Territoriality, Governance, and Reflective Practice. MIT Press, 2012. ISBN: 9780262517683. [Preview with Google Books]

Argyris, Chris. Chapter 7 in Reasons and Rationalizations: The Limits to Organizational Knowledge. The New York Times, 2004. ISBN: 9780199286829.

Healey, Patsy. Chapter 9 in Collaborative Planning: Shaping Places in Fragmented Societies. Palgrave, 1997. ISBN: 9780333495742. [Preview with Google Books]

Stiglitz, Joseph E., and Bruce C. Greenwald. Chapter 16 in Creating A Learning Society: A New Approach to Growth, Development, and Social Progress. Columbia University Press, 2014. ISBN: 9780231152143.

13 Surety of purpose or humility of not knowing the answer?

Gardner, Howard. Chapter 9 in Changing Minds: The Art and Science of Changing our Own and Other People’s Minds. Harvard Business Review Press, 2006. ISBN: 9781422103296. [Preview with Google Books]

Lear, Jonathan. Chapter 3 in Open Minded: Working Out the Logic of the Soul. Harvard University Press, 1998. ISBN: 9780674455337. [Preview with Google Books]

Schon, Donald. The Reflexive Practitioner: How Professionals Think in Action. Maurice Temple Smith Limited, 1983, pp. 287–354. ISBN: 9780851172316.

Forester, John. “Policy Analysis as Critical Listening.” In The Oxford Handbook of Public Policy. Oxford University Press, 2006. ISBN: 9780199269280. [Preview with Google Books]

Course Info

Learning Resource Types

assignment_turned_in Written Assignments with Examples