12.581 | Spring 2005 | Graduate

Phase Transitions in the Earth's Interior


Reading List

Fei, Y., and C. M. Bertka. “Phase transitions in the Earth’s mantle and mantle mineralogy.” Geochemical Society 6 (1999): 189-207.

Helffrich, G. R. “Topography of the transition zone seismic discontinuities.” Reviews in Geophysics 38 (2000): 141-158.

Irifune, T., and M. Isshiki. “Iron partitioning in a pyrolite mantle and the nature of the 410-km seismic discontinuity.” Nature 392 (1998): 702-705.

Wood, B. J. “The effect of H2O on the 410-kilometer seismic discontinuity.” Science 268 (1995): 74-76.

Smyth, J. R., and D. J. Frost. “The effect of water on the 410-km discontinuity: An experimental study.” Geophysical Research Letter 29, 10.1029/2001GL014418 (2002).

Gaherty, J. B., et al. “Testing plausible upper-mantle compositions using fine-scale models of the 410-km discontinuity.” Geophysical Research Letter 26 (1999): 1641-1644.

Duffy, T. S., et al. “Elasticity of forsterite to 16 GPa and the composition of the upper mantle.” Nature 378 (1996): 170-173.

Lebedev, S., et al. “Seismic evidence for olivine phase changes at the 410- and 660-kilometer discontinuities.” Science 296 (2002): 1300-1302.

Shim, S. -H., et al. “The post-spinel transformation in Mg2SiO4 and its relation to the 660-km seismic discontinuity.” Nature 411 (2001): 571-574.

Irifune, T., et al. “The postspinel phase boundary in Mg2SiO4 determined by in situ X-ray diffraction.” Science 279 (1998): 1698-1700.

Katsura, T., et al. “Post-spinel transition in Mg2SiO4 determined by high P-T in situ X-ray diffractometry.” Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interions 136 (2003): 11-24.

Higo, Y., et al. “Effect of water on the spinel-postspinel transformation in Mg2SiO4.” Geophysical Research Letter 28 (2001): 3505-3508.

Wood, B. J., and D. C. Ruby. “The effect of alumina on phase transformations at the 660-kilometer discontinuity from Fe-Mg partitioning experiments.” Science 273 (1996): 1522-1524.

Shearer, P. M., and M. P. Flanagan. “Seismic velocity and density jumps across the 410- and 660-kilometer discontinuities.” Science 285 (1999): 1545-1548.

Tackley, P. J., et al. “Effects of an endothermic phase transition at 670 km depth in a spherical model of convection in the Earth’s mantle.” Nature 361 (1993): 699-704.

Christensen, U., and D. Yuen. “The interaction of a subducting lithospheric slab with a chemical or phase boundary.” Journal of Geophysical Research 89 (1984): 4389-4402.

Deuss, and J. Woodhouse. “Seismic observations of splitting of the mid-transition zone discontinuity in Earth’s mantle.” Science 294 (2001): 354-357.

Shim, S. -H., et al. “Tetragonal structure of CaSiO3 perovskite above 20 GPa.” Geophysical Research Letter 29 (2002): 2166.

Weidner, D. J., and Y. Wang. “Phase transformations: Implications for mantle structure. In Earth’s deep interior: mineral physics and tomography from the atomic to the global scale.” Geophysical Monograph 117 (2000): 215.

Shieh, S. R., et al. “Strength and elasticity of SiO2 across the stishovite-CaCl2-type structural phase boundary.” Physical Review Letters 89 (2002): 255507.

Murakami, M., et al. “Post-perovskite phase transition and mineral chemistry in the pyrolitic lowermost mantle.” Geophysical Research Letter 32, no. 3, CiteID L03304 (2005).

Mao, W. L., et al. “Ferromagnesian postperovskite silicates in the D’ layer of the Earth.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 101 (2004): 15867-15869.

Sidorin, et al. “Evidence for a ubiquitous seismic discontinuity at the base of the mantle.” Science 286 (1999): 1326-1331.

Wysession, et al. “The D’ discontinuity and its implications.” In The Core-mantle Boundary Region. Edited by M. Gurnis, et al. Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union, 1998.

Stackhouse, S., et al. “The effect of temperature on the seismic anisotropy of the perovskite and post-perovskite polymorphs of MgSiO3.” Earth and Planetary Science Letters 230 (2005): 1-10.

Badro, J., et al. “Electronic transitions in perovskite: possible nonconvecting layers in the lower mantle.” Science 305 (2004): 383-386.

Course Info

As Taught In
Spring 2005
Learning Resource Types
Presentation Assignments with Examples