Readings

Ribe, N., U. Christensen, and J. Theissing. “The dynamics of plume-ridge interaction, 1: Ridge-centered plumes.” Earth Planet Sci Lett 134 (1995): 155-168.

Ito, G., Y. Shen, G. Hirth, and C. Wolfe. “Mantle flow, melting and dehydration of the Iceland mantle plume.” Earth Planet Sci Lett 165 (1999): 81-96.

White, W. M., A. R. McBirney, and R. A. Duncan. “Petrology and Geochemistry of the Galapagos: Portrait of a Pathological Mantle Plume.” J Geophys Res 93 (1993): 19533-19563.

Richards, M. A., and R. W. Griffiths. “Thermal entrainment by deflected mantle plumes.” Nature 342 (1989): 900-902.

Schilling, J. G. “Upper mantle Heterogeneities and dynamics.” Nature 314 (1985): 62-67.

———. “Fluxes and excess temperatures of the mantle plumes inferred from their interaction with migrating mid-ocean ridges.” Nature 352 (1991): 397-403.

Wilson, D. S., and R. N. Hey. “History of rift propagation and magnetization intensity for the Cocos-Nazca spreading center.” J Geophys Res 100 (1995): 10,041-10,056.

Sinton, J. M., D. S. Wilson, D. M. Christie, R. N. Hey, and J. R. Delaney. “Petrologic consequences of rift propagation on oceanic spreading ridges.” Earth Planet Sci Lett 62 (1983): 193-207.

Hieronymus, C. F., and D. Bercovici. “Discrete alternating hotspot islands formed by the interaction of magma transport and lithospheric flexure.” Nature 397 (1999): 604-607.

———. “Non-hotspot formation of volcanic chains: control of tectonic and flexural stresses on magma transport.” Earth Planet Sci Lett 181 (2000): 539-554.

Albers, M., and U. R. Christensen. “Channeling of plume flow beneath mid-ocean ridges.” Earth Planet Sci Lett 187 (2001): 207-220.

Ito, G. “Reykjanes ‘V’-shaped ridges originating from a pulsing and dehydrating mantle plume.” Nature 411 (2001): 681-684.

Korenaga, J., and P. B. Kelemen. “Major element heterogeneity in the mantle source of the North Atlantic igneous province.” Earth Planet Sci Lett 184 (2000): 251-268.

Gudmundsson, O., B. Brandsdottir, W. Menke, and H. Olafsson. “The magma chamber of Katla volcano in the propagating volcanic zone of south Iceland revealed by seismic undershooting.” Geophys J Int 119 (1994): 227-296.

Fox, C. G. “In situ ground deformation measurements from the summit of Axial Volcano during the 1998 volcanic episode.” Geophys Res Lett 26 (1999): 3437-3440.

Embley, R. W., W. W. Chadwick Jr., M. R. Perfit, M. C. Smith, and J. R. Delaney. “Recent eruptions on the CoAxial segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge: Implications for mid-ocean ridge accretion processe.s” J Geophys Res 105 (2000): 16501-16525.

Steingerger, B., and R. J. O’Connell. “Effects of mantle flow on hotspot motion.” In The History and Dynamics of Global Plate Motions. Edited by M. A. Richards, R. G. Gordon, and R. D. van der Hilst. Washington, DC: Amer Geophysical Union , 2000, pp. 377-398. ISBN: 9780875909790.

Shen, Y., et al. “Seismic evidence for a lower mantle origin of the Iceland plume.” Nature 395 (1998): 62-65.

Rhodes, J. M., C. Morgan, and R. A. Liias. “Geochemistry of Axial Seamount lavas: Magmatic relationship between the Cobb hotspot and the Juan de Fuca Ridge.” J Geophys Res 95 (1990): 12,713-12,733.

Desonie, D. L., and R. A. Duncan. “The Cobb-Eickelberg seamount chain: Hotspot volcanism with mid-ocean ridge basalt affinity.” J Geophys Res 95 (1990): 12,697-12,711.

Geist, D., T. Naumann, and P. Larson. “Evolution of Galapagos Magmas: Mantle and Crustal Fractionation without Assimilation.” J. Petrology 39 (1998): 953-971.

Geist, D., and M. Richards. “Origin of the Columbia Plateau and Snake River Plain: Deflection of the Yellowstone plume.” Geology 21(1993): 789-792.

Naumann, T. R., and D. J. Geist. “Generation of alkalic basalt by crystal fractionation of tholeiitic magma.” Geology 27 (1999): 423-426.

McCollom, T. M. “Geochemical constraints on primary productivity in submarine hydrothermal vent plumes.” Deep-Sea Research 47 (2000): 85-101.

Tunnicliffe, V., and C. M. R. Fowler. “Influence of sea-floor spreading on the global hydrothermal vent fauna.” Nature 379 (1996): 531-533.

Morgan, Phipps, et al. “Observational hints for a plume-fed sub-oceanic asthneosphere and its role in mantle convection.” Journal of Geophys. Res. 100 (1995): 12753-12768.

Morgan, Phipps, J., and W. J. Morgan. “Two-stage melting and the geochemical evolution of the mantle: a recipe for mantle plum-pudding.” _Earth Planet Sci Lett_170 (1999): 215-239.

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