Readings

[B] = Boatwright, Mary, Daniel Gargola,‎ Noel Lenski, et al. The Romans, From Village to Empire: A History of Rome from Earliest Times to the End of the Western Empire. 2nd edition. Oxford University Press, 2011. ISBN: 9780199730575. 

[L] = Livy. The Rise of Rome: Books 1–5. Translated with an Introduction and Notes by T.J. Luce. Oxford University Press, 2009. ISBN: 9780199540044. 

[LE] = Lewis, Naphtali, and Meyer Reinhold, eds. Roman Civilization: Selected Readings, Vol. 1: The Republic and the Augustan Age. 3rd edition. Columbia University Press, 1990. ISBN: 9780231071314. [Preview with Google Books ]

[LEW] = Lewis, Naphtali, and Meyer Reinhold, eds. Roman Civilization: Selected Readings, Vol. 2: The Empire. 3rd edition. Columbia University Press, 1990. ISBN: 9780231071338. [Preview with Google Books ]

[P] = Plutarch. Roman Lives. Translated by Robin Waterfield, with Introductions and Notes by Philip A. Stadter. Oxford University Press, 2009. ISBN: 9780199537389. [Preview with Google Books ]

[PO] = Polybius. The Rise of the Roman Empire. Translated by ‎Ian Scott-Kilvert. Penguin Classics, 1980. ISBN: 9780140443622.

[S] = Suetonius. Lives of the Caesars. Translated with an Introduction and Notes by Catharine Edwards. Oxford University Press, 2009. ISBN: 0199537569. [Preview with Google Books ]

[T] = Tacitus. The Annals. Translated, with Introduction and Notes, by A.J. Woodman. Hackett Publishing Company, Inc., 2004. ISBN: 9780872205581. [Preview with Google Books ]

Note: In the table below, S = Class Session; R = Recitation

S/R# TOPICS READINGS
S1 Introduction No readings assigned
R1 Myth, Legend, History

[B] Chapter 1: Archaic Italy and the Origins of Rome, pp. 1–27.

[L] “Preface.”

[L] 1.1–16, pp. 5–22.

PART I: Early Rome
S2 Foundation Myths

[B] Chapter 1: Archaic Italy and the Origins of Rome, pp. 27–42.

[L] 1.46–2.21, pp. 54–92.

S3 Monarchy to Republic [L] 5.1–28, pp. 282-314.
R2 Livy’s Early Rome

[L] 5.29–55, pp. 314–41.

Review

[L] 1.1–60, pp. 5–70.

S4 Social Conflict in the Early Republic [B] Chapter 2: Republican Rome and the Conquest of Italy, pp. 43–53.
PART II: The Growth of Rome
S5 The Conquest of Italy [B] Chapter 2: Republican Rome and the Conquest of Italy, pp. 69–86.
R3 Cause(s) of the Punic Wars

[PO] Book 1: Chapters 1–15, and 62–64. 

[PO] Book 3: Chapters 6–15, and 20–33. 

Recommended

[B] Chapter 3: The Beginnings of a Mediterranean Empire, pp. 87–109.

S6 The Second Punic War: Hannibal in Italy

Livy. Book 22 excerpts. In The War with Hannibal: The History of Rome from Its Foundation, Books XXI-XXX. Translated by Aubrey De Selincourt. Penguin Classics, 1965, pp. 122–29, 136–40, and 144–52. ISBN: 9780140441451.

Plutarch. “Life of Fabius Maximus [c. 275–203 BC].” In The Rise of Rome: Twelve Lives by Plutarch. Translated by Ian Scott-Kilvert, Jeffrey Tatum, and Christopher Pelling.‎ Penguin Classics, 2013. ISBN: 9780140449754.

S7 The Second Punic War: Scipio Africanus

Livy. “Book 28: 40–45.” In Hannibal’s War: Books Twenty-One to Thirty. Translated by J.C. Yardley. Oxford University Press, 2009. ISBN: 9780199555970.

[PO] Book 10: Chapters 2–3, 6–16, and 34–40.

[PO] Book 15: Chapters 1–19.

PART III: The Late Republic
R4 The Roman Constitution I

[B] Chapter 2: Republican Rome and the Conquest of Italy, pp. 53–69.

[PO] Book 6: Chapters 1–18, and 43–58. 

S8 Consequences of Empire I: The Élites

[B] Chapter 3: The Beginnings of a Mediterranean Empire, pp. 109–23.

[B] Chapter 4: Italy and Empire, pp. 125–41.

S9 Consequences of Empire II: Arming and Farming [B] Chapter 4: Italy and Empire, pp. 141–53.
R5 Plutarch on the Gracchi [P] “Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus.” [Preview with Google Books ]
S10 Civil War: Marius and Sulla [B] Chapter 5: Italy Threatened, Enfranchised, Divided.
S11 Pompey and the Special Command [B] Chapter 6: The Domination of Sulla and Its Legacy.
R6 Plutarch’s Sulla [P] “Sulla.” [Preview with Google Books ]
S12 From ‘Triumvirate’ to the Rubicon [B] Chapter 7: End of the Republic: Caesar’s Dictatorship, pp. 217–38.
S13 Caesar Dictator

[B] Chapter 7: End of the Republic: Caesar’s Dictatorship, pp. 241–56.

[P] “Julius Caesar,” Chapters 28–56, pp. 325–47.

R7 DEBATE: The Assassination of Caesar

[P] “Julius Caesar,” Chapters 57–69, pp. 347–59.

Plutarch. “Brutus,” Chapters 1–20. In Plutrach’s Lives. Translated by Bernadotte Perrin, 1918. Loeb Classical Library.

PART IV: The Augustan Principate
S14 The Roman Constitution II: Augustus and the Principate [B] Chapter 8: Augustus and the Transformation of the Roman World, pp. 257–81. 
S15 Soft Power: Hearts & Minds of Augustan Rome [B] Chapter 8: Augustus and the Transformation of the Roman World, pp. 281–308.
R8 Augustus

[T] 1.1–1.11, pp. 1–9. [Preview with Google Books ]

Cooley, M.G.L., ed. “Res Gestae Divi Augusti (The Achievements of the Deified Augustus).” In The Age of Augustus. Translated by B.W.J.G. Wilson. London Association of Classical Teachers Occasional Research Series, 2003. ISBN: 9780903625302.

S16 The Emperor and the Élites

[B] Chapter 9: The Early Principate (AD 14–69): The Julio-Claudians, the Civil War of 68–69, and Life in the Early Empire, pp. 309–29. 

[T] 12.64–13.58, pp. 242–74. [Preview with Google Books ]

S17 The Emperor and the Plebs

[B] Chapter 10: Institutionalization of the Principate: Military Expansion and Its Limits, the Empire and the Provinces (69–138), pp. 374–88.

[T] 14.1–14.65, pp. 275–306. [Preview with Google Books ]

R9 Tacitus’ Rome

[T] 15.18–15.25, pp. 314–18. 

[T] 15.32–16.35, pp. 320–55. 

Review

[T] 1.1–1.11, pp. 1–9. [Preview with Google Books ]

[T] 12.64–13.58, pp. 242–74. [Preview with Google Books ]

[T] 14.1–14.65, pp. 275–306. [Preview with Google Books ]

S18 High Politics: The Julio-Claudians to the Flavians [S] The Deified Augustus. [Preview with Google Books ]
R10 Suetonius’ Imperial Portraits

[S] Nero 

Review

[S] The Deified Augustus. [Preview with Google Books ]

S19 Flavian Rome

[S] The Deified Vespasian. [Preview with Google Books ]

[S] The Deified Titus.  [Preview with Google Books ]

[S] Domitian. 

S20 Restoring Historical Artifacts

Anderson, Sam. “ David’s Ankles: How Imperfections Could Bring Down the World’s Most Perfect Statue ,” New York Times Magazine, August 17, 2016.

Burnett, D. Graham. “ Facing the Unknown .” Cabinet 40, Winter 2010–2011.

R11 Roman Religion & the Imperial Cult

[B] Chapter 9: The Early Principate (AD 14–69): The Julio-Claudians, the Civil War of 68–69, and Life in the Early Empire, pp. 339–45.

[B] Chapter 10: Institutionalization of the Principate: Military Expansion and Its Limits, the Empire and the Provinces (69–138), pp. 386–88.

Roman religion sources

Shelton, Jo-Ann, ed. “Religion and Philosophy.” Chapter 15 in As the Romans Did: A Sourcebook in Roman Social History. 2nd edition. Oxford University Press, 1998. ISBN: 9780195089745. 

S21 High Politics: From the Flavians to the Severans

[B] Chapter 10: Institutionalization of the Principate: Military Expansion and Its Limits, the Empire and the Provinces (69–138), pp. 347–74.

[B] Chapter 11: Italy and the Provinces: Civil and Military Affairs (138–235), pp. 389–411.

S22 The Roman Army

[B] Chapter 8: Augustus and the Transformation of the Roman World, pp. 291–94.

[B] Chapter 9: The Early Principate (AD 14–69): The Julio-Claudians, the Civil War of 68–69, and Life in the Early Empire, pp. 329–30.  

Pollard, Nigel. “The Roman Army.” Chapter 11 in A Companion to the Roman Empire. Edited by David S. Potter. Wiley-Blackwell, 2009. ISBN: 9781405199186. 

R12 Roman Slavery

Bradley, Keith. “The Slave Society of Rome.” Chapter 2 in Slavery and Society at Rome. Cambridge University Press, 1994. ISBN: 9780521378871. [Preview with Google Books ]

Slavery sources

[LE] Chapter 94: The Changing Economy.  [Preview with Google Books ]

[LE] Chapter 95: The Great Slave Uprisings. [Preview with Google Books ]

[LE] Chapter 166: Management of a Landed Estate. [Preview with Google Books ]

[LE] Chapter 205: Social Legislation: Restrictions on Manumission and Citizenship. 

[LEW] Chapter 24: Agriculture: The Large Estate; Rise of Tenancy. 

[LEW] Chapter 35: Slave Sales.

[LEW] Chapter 48: Freedmen. 

[LEW] Chapter 49: Manumission. 

[LEW] Chapter 50: The Condition of Slaves. 

S23 Domestic Life in Imperial Rome Storey, Glenn R. “Housing and Domestic Architecture.” Chapter 9 in The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Rome. Edited by Paul Erdkamp. Cambridge University Press, 2013. ISBN: 9780521720786. [Preview with Google Books ]
PART V: The Late Empire
S24 Crisis and Recovery: Diocletian & the Tetrarchy [B] Chapter 12: The Third-Century Crisis and the Tetrarchic Restabilization.
R13 Christians and Christianity: From Nero to Diocletian

[T] 15.38–15.44, pp. 322–26.

Persecution sources

[LEW] Chapter 167: Imperial Policy Toward the Christians. 

[LEW] Chapter 168: Propaganda Against Chirstianity. 

[LEW] Chapter 169: Defense of the Christian Way of Life. 

[LEW] Chapter 170: Atrocities Against Christians. 

[LEW] Chapter 171: Interrogation of Christians.

[LEW] Chapter 172: Organized Persecution of Christianity. 

[LEW] Chapter 173: The End of the Persecutions. 

[LEW] Chapter 174: The Triumph of Christianity. 

[LEW] Chapter 175: The Council of Nicaea, A.D. 325. 

[LEW] Chapter 176: The Foundations of Constantinople. 

S25 Ending Roman History: From Constantine to Byzantium

[B] Chapter 13: The Rise of Christianity and the Growth of the Barbarian Threat (324–395).

[B] Chapter 14: The Final Years of the Western Empire and Rome’s Revival in the East.

The conversion of Constantine sources

The ‘official’ version:

Eusebius Pamphilus of Cesarea. Book 1, Chapters 27 and 28 in The Life of the Blessed Emperor Constantine . Translated by S. Bagster. Revised by Ernest Cushing Richardson. Fordham University.

The opposition version:

Zozimus. Book 2, Chapters 29 and Chapter 30, Sections 1 and 2, in New History . Livius.

S26 Conclusion: Exam Preparation No readings assigned

Course Info

Learning Resource Types

assignment Written Assignments
notes Lecture Notes