21L.011 | Fall 2013 | Undergraduate
The Film Experience


Guidelines for writing papers (PDF)

Each essay should be 5–7 double-spaced pages long, with one-inch margins. Be sure to describe and analyze specific scenes or images to support your argument.

These topic questions aim to help you to generate a focused, coherent essay. If you would like to write on another topic, you must discuss it in advance with your TA.

Essay 1 Topics

  • How are new technologies portrayed in films we’ve seen this semester? You can look at specific scenes in Modern Times, The General, and “The Lonedale Operator.” On a narrative and technical level what does the new technology / innovation allow the director to do? What is the director’s attitude towards technological advances, and how does he express them? When, how, where, and why does the new technology appear? Are there particular characters associated with the technology, and is there significance to that association?
  • How do movies like “The Immigrant,” “Easy Street,” “A Beast at Bay,” and Modern Times depict social ills and what is the director’s attitude toward these problems? Keep in mind that many early moviegoers lived in urban areas and were immigrants.
  • How does the progression of gender roles in silent era films embody and / or contradict the Fred Ott principle? How do the silent directors incorporate or confront the social roles and limitations of the times? You can use any of D.W. Griffith shorts and Keaton’s films, and Chaplin’s Modern Times, acknowledging that this film produced in the sound era can be considered a culminating text of the silent cinema.
  • Analyze Tom Gunning’s theory of a “cinema of attractions” from his article “An Aesthetic of Astonishment” in relation to two or three early films. Does his claim work perfectly, or is there something you would add, modify, complicate, or disagree with?
  • Subjectivity in The Last Laugh. Choose two or three representative scenes from The Last Laugh and discuss Murnau’s strategies for dramatizing the inner lives of characters and the reality of their environments.
  • Choose one short film by Chaplin or Keaton and discuss how several of its elements have been absorbed and transformed in Modern Times or The General.
  • Compare Chaplin and Keaton as performers and directors. You may also want to incorporate ideas from James Agee’s essay on silent comedy.

Essay 2 Topics

  • Ideas of masculinity in It Happened One Night.
  • “The camera—not just Hitchcock’s, but his protagonist’s as well—is the true subject of Rear Window.” Discuss.
  • Women in Hitchcock.
  • The theme of performance in Singin’ in the Rain: Describe one or two performances and discuss the significance of these performances in the context of the film as a whole.
  • The theme of innocence in Cabaret.
  • Describe a production number from Cabaret and discuss its relation to the themes of the film as a whole.
  • Compare some key elements in Singin’ in the Rain with similar elements in Cabaret in an essay that discusses differences between these films and speculates about how to explain them.
  • Dialogue as an expression of character in His Girl Friday.
  • Ideas of marriage in It Happened One Night and / or His Girl Friday.

Essay 3 Topics

  • Visual style in Renoir, De Sica, or Truffaut: A close reading of one or two representative sequences that discusses the relationship between visual strategies and the themes of the film.
  • Many good films conclude ambiguously, without decisively resolving central themes. Discuss this subject by describing and analyzing the final sequences of one of the following films: McCabe and Mrs. Miller, Grand Illusion, Bicycle Thieves, The 400 Blows. Be sure to discuss how montage and mise en scene contribute to the ending.
  • Altman’s use of sound in McCabe & Mrs. Miller.
  • Ethan and Scar as doubles in The Searchers.
  • Setting in The Searchers or Rashomon.
  • Comic elements in Grand Illusion or The Searchers.
  • Parents and children in The 400 Blows.
  • Father and son in Bicycle Thieves or The 400 Blows.
  • The city in Truffaut and / or DeSica.
Course Info
As Taught In
Fall 2013
Learning Resource Types
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assignment Written Assignments
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