Lecture Notes

These lecture notes have been developed over many years and draw on material presented by Alan Code in his Introduction to Ancient Philosophy course given at UC-Berkeley in the 1980s when I served as his Teaching Assistant. Prof. Code has granted permission for use of the material which is, at this point, integrated throughout the notes.

LEC # TOPICS LECTURE NOTES
1 Introduction  
2 Socrates and the Sophists Characteristic Socratic Theses ( PDF )
3 Socrates and the Law Characteristic Socratic Theses (cont.) ( PDF )
4 Socratic Method Euthyphro and the Elenchus ( PDF )
5 Knowledge and Learning Meno on Knowledge and Inquiry ( PDF )
6 Prudential Paradox Meno on Knowledge and Inquiry (cont.) ( PDF )
7 Immortality and the Soul Immortality in the Phaedo ( PDF )
8 Introduction of the Forms Notes on Platonic Forms ( PDF )
9 Why Be Moral? Republic I-II ( PDF )
10 Justice in the City Social Justice and Psychic Justice in the Republic ( PDF )
11 Justice in the Soul Social Justice and Psychic Justice in the Republic (cont.) ( PDF )
12 Theory of Forms Plato’s Sun, Line, and Cave ( PDF )
13 Happiness, Liberty, and Social Engineering Plato on Happiness ( PDF )
14 Aristotle on Plato Third Man Argument ( PDF )

Aristotle’s Categories and Early Thoughts on Substance ( PDF )

15 Matter and Form Aristotle’s Categories II ( PDF )
16 Essence, God Aristotle’s Four Causes ( PDF )
17 On the Soul Aristotle on Science ( PDF )
18 Perception, Understanding Aristotle on Primary Substance ( PDF )
19 Happiness Aristotle on the Human Good ( PDF )
20 Virtue The Greek Conception of Virtue ( PDF )
21 Weakness of Will Socrates on Weakness of Will (Akrasia) ( PDF )
22 Friendship Aristotle: Voluntary/Involuntary ( PDF )
23 Contemplation Epicurean Empiricism ( PDF )
24 Epicurean Atomism Lucretius on Death ( PDF )
25 Epicurean Morality Lucretius on Death (cont.) ( PDF )
26 Death Lucretius on Death (cont.) ( PDF )

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