24.952 | Spring 2007 | Graduate

Advanced Syntax


Readings that are not marked Optional are required.

1-2 Covert movement and logical form

Fox, Danny. “On Logical Form.” In Minimalist Syntax. Edited by Randall Hendrick. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2003, pp. 82-123. ISBN: 9780631219415.

Johnson, Kyle, and Satoshi Tomioka. “Lowering and Mid-size Clauses.” Proceedings of the Tübingen Workshop on Reconstruction, Tübingen, Germany, 1997.


Buy at MIT Press Pesetsky, David. Phrasal Movement and Its Kin. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2000, chapters 1 and 2. ISBN: 9780262661669.

Reinhart, Tanya. “Wh-in-situ in the Framework of the Minimalist Program.” Natural Language Semantics 6, no. 1 (1998): 29-56.

Nissenbaum, Jon. “Investigations of Covert Phrase Movement.” Doctoral dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2001. Appendix of chapter 2.

3-4 Reconstruction and logical form

Buy at MIT Press Fox, Danny. Economy and Semantic Interpretation. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999, chapters 5 and 6. ISBN: 9780262561211.


Lechner, Winfried. “Two Kinds of Reconstruction.” Studia Linguistica 52, no. 3 (1998): 276-310.

Sportiche, Dominique. “Reconstruction, Binding and Scope.” Unpublished manuscript, University of California Los Angeles, 2003.

Aoun, Joseph, and Abbas Benmamoun. “Minimality, Reconstruction, and PF Movement.” Linguistic Inquiry 29, no. 4 (1998): 569-597.

5 Wh-movement: Islands, barriers and successive-cyclicity Chomsky, Noam. “On Wh-Movement.” In Formal Syntax. Edited by Peter W. Culicover, Thomas Wasow, and Adrian Akmajian. New York: Academic Press, 1977. ISBN: 9780121992408.

Buy at MIT Press Chomsky, N. Barriers. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1986, pp. 1-16. ISBN: 9780262031189.

McCloskey, James. “Resumption, Successive Cyclicicty, and the Locality of Operations.” In Derivation and Explanation in the Minimalist Program. Edited by Samuel Epstein and Daniel Seeley. Oxford, UK: Blackwell, 2002. ISBN: 9780631227335.

8-9 Superiority, probes and goals

Buy at MIT Press Richards, Norvin. “Featural Cyclicity and the Ordering of Multiple Specifiers.” In Working Minimalism. Edited by Samuel Epstein and Norbert Hornstein. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999, pp. 127-158. ISBN: 9780262550321.

Buy at MIT Press Bošković, Željko. “On Multiple Feature-checking: Multiple Wh-Fronting and Multiple Head-movement.” In Working Minimalism. Edited by Samuel Epstein and Norbert Hornstein. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999, pp. 159-187. ISBN: 9780262550321.

10-11 Remnant movement, derivations, probes and goals

Müller, Gereon. “A Constraint on Remnant Movement.” Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 14 (1996): 355-407.

Kitahara, Hisatsugu. “Restricting Ambiguous Rule-Application: A Unified Analysis of Movement.” In MIT Working Papers in Linguistics #24. Edited by Masatoshi Koizumi and Hiroyuki Ura. Cambridge, MA: MIT Working Papers in Linguistics, 1994.

12-13 Weak islands and relativized minimality

Buy at MIT Press Rizzi, Luigi. Relativized Minimality. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1990. ISBN: 9780262680615. (Short excerpt.)

Starke, Michal. “Move Dissolves into Merge: a Theory of Locality.” Doctoral dissertation, Université de Genève, 2001.

14 Phases, barriers, and spell-out

Buy at MIT Press Chomsky, Noam. “Categories and Transformations.” In The Minimalist Program. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1995, pp. 225-241. ISBN: 9780262531283.

Buy at MIT Press ———. “Minimalist Inquiries: The Framework.” In Step by Step: Essays on Minimalist Syntax in Honor of Howard Lasnik. Edited by Roger Martin, David Michaels, and Juan Uriagereka. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1998/2000, pp. 106-112. ISBN: 9780262133616.

Buy at MIT Press ———. “Derivation by Phase.” In Ken Hale: A Life in Language. Edited by Michael Kenstowicz. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1999/2001, pp. 1-52. ISBN: 9780262611602.


Fox, Danny, and David Pesetsky. “Cyclic Linearization of Syntactic Structure.” Theoretical Linguistics 31, nos. 1-2 (2005): 1-46.


Holmberg, Anders. “Remarks on Holmberg’s Generalization.” Studia Linguistica 53 (1999): 1-39.

Ko, Heejeong. “Asymmetries in Scrambling and Cyclic Linearization.” Linguistic Inquiry 28 (2007). (PDF)


Anagnostopoulou, Elena. The Syntax of Ditransitives: Evidence from Clitics. Berlin, Germany: M. de Gruyter, 2002. ISBN: 9783110170283.

18-19 Wh-movement: Pied-piping

Heck, Fabian. “A Theory of Pied-Piping.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Tuebingen, 2004.

Cable, Seth. “Q-Particles and the Nature of Wh -Fronting.” Manuscript, 2006, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

20 A vs. A-bar movement and scrambling Mahajan, Anoop K. Chapters 1-2 in “The A/A-bar Distinction and Theory.” Doctoral dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1990, pp. 7-106.
21-22 Miyagawa, Shigeru. “A-movement Scrambling and Options without Optionality.” In Word Order and Scrambling. Edited by Simin Karimi. Oxford, UK: Blackwell, 2003, pp. 177-200.
23-24 Gapping

Johnson, Kyle. “Gapping Isn’t (VP) Ellipsis.” Unpublished manuscript, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, 2006.

Lin, Vivian. “Determiner Sharing.” In Proceedings of the 19th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics. Edited by R. Billerey and B. D. Lillehaugen. 2000.

25-26 Parasitic gaps Nissenbaum, Jon. “Investigations of Covert Phrase Movement.” Doctoral dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2001.

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Spring 2007
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