24.961 | Fall 2014 | Graduate

Introduction to Phonology

Related Resources

Phonology Textbooks

Kenstowicz, Michael. Phonology in Generative Grammar. Blackwell Publishing, 1994. ISBN: 9781557864260.

Gussenhoven, Carlos, and Haike Jakobs. Understanding Phonology. Routledge, 1998. ISBN: 9780340692189.

Odden, David. Introducing Phonology. Cambridge University Press, 2005. ISBN: 9780521534048. [Preview with Google Books]

Hayes, Bruce. Introductory Phonology. Wiley-Blackwell, 2008. ISBN: 9781405184113. [Preview with Google Books]

Kenstowicz, Michael, and Charles Kisseberth. Generative Phonology: Description and Theory. Academic Press, 1979. ISBN: 9781483241661.


Goldsmith, John A., ed. The Handbook of Phonological Theory. Blackwell Publishers, 1996. ISBN: 9780631201267.

Goldsmith, John A., Jason Riggle, and Alan C. L. Yu, eds. The Handbook of Phonological Theory. 2nd ed. Wiley-Blackwell, 2014. ISBN: 9781118798010. [Preview with Google Books]

de Lacy, Paul, ed. The Cambridge Handbook of Phonology. Cambridge University Press, 2012. ISBN: 9781107404892.

van Ostendorp, Mark, Colin J. Ewen, et al, eds. The Blackwell Companion to Phonology. Wiley-Blackwell, 2011. ISBN: 9781405184236. [Preview with Google Books]

Kula, Nancy C., Bert Boma, and Kuniya Nasukawa, et al, eds. The Continuum Companion to Phonology. Bloomsbury Academic, 2011. ISBN: 9780826434234. [Preview with Google Books]



Natural Language & Linguistic Theory


Linguistic Inquiry

Journal of Phonetics

Journal of the IPA

Journals with a language focus

International Journal of American Linguistics

Studies in African Linguistics

Probus: International Journal of Latin and Romance Linguistics

Journal of East Asian Linguistics

Phonetics Texts, Reference Books and Journals

Ladefoged, Peter. A Course in Phonetics. 5th ed. Wadsworth Publishing, 2005.

Johnson, Keith. Acoustic and Auditory Phonetics. 2nd ed. Wiley-Blackwell, 2003. ISBN: 9781405101233.

Reetz, Henning, and Allard Jongman. Phonetics: Transcription, Production, Acoustics and Perception. Wiley-Blackwell, 2008. ISBN: 9780631232261. [Preview with Google Books]

Ladefoged, Peter, and Ian Maddieson. The Sounds of the World’s Languages. Wiley-Blackwell, 1996. ISBN: 9780631198154.

Buy at MIT Press Stevens, Kenneth N. Acoustic Phonetics. MIT Press, 2000. ISBN: 9780262692502. [Preview with Google Books]

Journal of the Acoustical Society of America


Useful Websites

Rutgers Optimality Archive, Rutgers University

UCLA Phonetics Lab, Department of Linguistics, UCLA

Peter Ladefoged’s personal page, Department of Linguistics, UCLA

International Phonetic Association

Handbook of the International Phonetic Association, Department of Linguistics, University of Victoria

Charis SIL Font (Supported), SIL Software Catalog


SIL Fonts for downloading, SIL

International Phonetic Alphabet (revised to 2005) (PDF)

Course Info

As Taught In
Fall 2014
Learning Resource Types
Lecture Notes
Written Assignments