3.987 | Spring 2006 | Undergraduate

Human Origins and Evolution


Required Readings


Campbell, B. G., J. D. Loy, and K. Cruz-Uribe. Humankind Emerging. 9th ed. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon, 2005. ISBN: 9780205423804.

Other Required Readings

Aiello, L. C., and M. Collard. “Our newest oldest ancestor?” Nature 410 (2001): 526-27.

Ambrose, S. H. “Paleolithic technology and human evolution.” Science 291 (2001): 1748-53.

Bingham, P. M. “Human evolution and human history: a complete theory.” Evolutionary Anthropology 9, no. 6 (2000): 248-257.

Begun, D. R. “Planet of the Apes.” Scientific American 289, no. 2 (August 2003): 74-83.

Bunn, H., J. W. K. Harris, G. Isaac, Z. Kaufulu, E. Kroll, K. Shick, N. Toth, and A. K. Behrensmeyer. “FxJj 50: an Early Pleistocene site in northern Kenya.” World Archaeology 12, no. 2 (1980): 109-36.

Diamond, J. “The worst mistake in the history of the human race.” Discover 8, no. 5 (May 1987): 64-66.

Fischman, J. “Hard evidence.” Discover 13, no. 2 (February 1992): 44-51.

Gabunia, L., S. C. Antón, D. Lordkipanidze, A. Vekua, A. Justus, and C. C. Swisher III. “Dmanisi and Dispersal.” Evolutionary Anthropology 10, no. 5 (2001): 158-170.

Isaac, G. L. “The food-sharing behavior of protohuman hominids.” Scientific American 238, no. 4 (April 1978): 90-109.

Jablonski, N. G., and G. Chaplin. “Skin Deep.” Scientific American 287, no. 4 (October 2002): 74-81.

Lahr, M. M., and R. Foley. “Human evolution writ small.” Nature 431 (2004): 1043-44.

Lovejoy, O. “Modeling human origins: are we sexy because we’re smart, or smart because we’re sexy?” In The Origin and Evolution of Humans and Humanness. Edited by D. T. Rasmussen. Boston, MA: Jones and Bartlett, 1993, pp. 1-28. ISBN: 9780867208573.

Mitani, J. C., D. P. Watts, and M. N. Muller. “Recent Developments in the Study of Wild Chimpanzee Behavior.” Evolutionary Anthropology 11, no. 1 (2002): 9-25.

Molleson, T. “The eloquent bones of Abu Hureyra.” Scientific American 271, no. 2 (1994): 70-75.

Molnar, S. Human Variation. 3rd ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1991, pp. 212-256, chapter 6. ISBN: 9780134461625.

Rightmire, G. P. “Human evolution in the Middle Pleistocene: the role of Homo heidelbergensis.” Evolutionary Anthropology 6, no. 6 (1998): 218-227.

Shipman, P., W. Bosler, and K. L. Davis. “Butchering of giant geladas at an Acheulian site.” Current Anthropology 22 (1981): 257-68.

Waal, F. de. “Bonobo sex and society.” Scientific American 272, no. 3 (March 1995): 82-88.

White, T. D., B. Asfaw, D. DeGusta, H. Gilbert, G. D. Richards, G. Suwa, and F. C. Howell. “Pleistocene Homo sapiens from Middle Awash, Ethiopia.” Nature 423 (2003): 742-747.

Wong, K. “Who were the Neandertals?” Scientific American 282, no. 4 (April 2000): 98-107.

Wood, B., and M. Collard. “The changing face of genus Homo.” Evolutionary Anthropology 8, no. 6 (1999): 195-207.

1-2 Introduction: The Search for Human Ancestors, Approaches to the Study of Human Evolution and an Introduction to Human Osteology Campbell, et al. Chapters 1 and 3.
3-4 Evolutionary Processes and Time Scales Campbell, et al. Chapters 2 and 5, pp. 132-37, appendix 2
5 Modern Primates and Their Relevance to Understanding Human Origins

Campbell, et al. Chapter 4.

Waal. 1995

Mitani et al. 2002.

6 Tertiary Higher Primates: Our Pre-Hominid Predecessors

Campbell, et al. Chapter 5.

Begun. 2003.

7-8 Earliest Hominids: The Australopithecines and Affines

Campbell, et al. Chapters 6, 7, and 8.

Aiello and Collard. 2001.

9 Early Hominids - Variations and Taxonomy - Presentations  
10 Hominid / Human Origins: Hypotheses and Speculation

Campbell, et al. Chapters 8 and 9. (esp. pp. 240-250.)

Isaac. 1978.

Lovejoy. 1993.

Bingham. 2000.

11 Early Homo: How Should Homo Be Defined?

Campbell, et al. Chapter 8.

Wood and Collard. 1999.

12-13 The Archaeology of the Early Hominids I: Olduvai Gorge and Koobi Fora

Campbell, et al. Chapter 9.

Bunn, et al. 1980.

14 The Archaeology of the Early Hominids II: Interpreting Early Hominid Behavior and Current Research Directions Campbell, et al. Chapter 9.
15 Midterm Exam  
16 Homo ergaster and erectus: Emerging Modern Morphology

Campbell, et al. Chapter 10.

Gabunia, et al. 2001.

17 Slowly Emerging Modern Behaviors: Early Stone Age / Lower Palaeolithic Age

Campbell, et al. Chapters 11, 12, and 13.

Ambrose. 2001.

Shipman, et al. 1981.

18 Homo heidelbergensis and neanderthalensis or Early “Archaic” H. sapiens?

Campbell, et al. Chapters 12 and 13.

Rightmire. 1998.

19-20 “Archaics”: Not Quite Us Physically, Not Quite Us Mentally

Campbell, et al. Chapter 14.

Fischman. 1992.

Wong. 2000.

21 Origin of Modern Homo sapiens: Morphology and Genetic Evidence

Campbell, et al. Chapter 15.

White, et al. 2003.

Lahr and Foley. 2004.

22-23 Modern Homo sapiens I: Cultural Diversity Becomes the Norm Campbell, et al. Chapter 16.
24 Modern Homo sapiens II: To the Threshold of Civilization

Campbell, et al. Chapter 17.

Diamond. 1987.

Molleson. 1994.

25-26 Modern Human Diversity: Distribution, Morphological Variation and “Races”

Campbell, et al. Chapter 17.

Molnar. Chapter 6.

Jablonski and Chaplin. 2002.

Course Info

As Taught In
Spring 2006
Learning Resource Types
Lecture Notes
Written Assignments