4.647 | Fall 2014 | Graduate
Technopolitics, Culture, Intervention

Readings

[WJ] = Braham, William A., and Jonathan A. Hale, eds. Rethinking Technology: A Reader in Architectural Theory. Routledge, 2006. ISBN: 9780415346542. [Preview with Google Books]

TOPICS READINGS
Technology / Technique / Tectonics

Heidegger, Martin. “The Question Concerning Technology.” In The Question Concerning Technology and Other Essays. Translated by William Lovitt. Harper and Row, 1977, pp. 3–35.

Arendt, Hannah. “Work.” In The Human Condition. University of Chicago Press, 1998, pp. 136–74. ISBN: 9780226025995. [Preview with Google Books]

Frampton, Kenneth. “The Status of Man and the Status of his Objects: A Reading of the Human Condition.” In Hannah Arendt: The Recovery of the Public World. Edited by Melvyn A. Hill. St. Martin’s Press, 1979. ISBN: 9780312360726.

———. “Industrialization and the Crisis of Architecture.” In Oppositions 1: September 1973. Institute for Architecture, 1973.

Suggested

Otero–Pailos, Jorge. “Surplus Experience: Kenneth Frampton and the Subterfuges of Bourgeois Taste.” In Architecture’s Historical Turn: Phenomenology and the Rise of the Postmodern. University of Minnesota Press, 2010, pp. 183–249. ISBN: 9780816666034.

Watch: The Ister. Directed by David Barison and Daniel Ross. Color, 189 min . Icarus Films, 2004. Accessed April 29, 2015. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oRE5h7jGHgM

Territory

Lefebvre, Henri. “Social Space.” In The Production of Space. Translated by Donald Nicholson–Smith. Blackwell Publishers, 1991. ISBN: 9780631140481.

Buy at MIT Press Busbea, Larry. “Yona Friedman and the Groupe d’Études d’Architecture Mobile.” In Topologies: Urban Utopias in France, 1960–1970. MIT Press, 2007, pp. 36–55. ISBN: 9780262026116.

Brenner, Neil. “Theses on Urbanization.” In Implosions / Explosions: Towards a Study of Planetary Urbanization. Jovis, 2014. ISBN: 9783868593174.

Liberti, Stefano. “Geneva: The Financiers of Arable Land.” In Land Grabbing: Journeys in the New Colonialism. Translated by Enda Flannelly. Verso, 2013. ISBN: 9781781681176.

Picon, Antoine. “What has Happened to Territory.” In Territory: Architecture Beyond Environment. Edited by David Gissen. Academy Press, 2010. ISBN: 9780470721650.

Deleuze, Gilles, and Felix Guattari. “Treatise on Nomadology: The War Machine.” In A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. University of Minnesota Press, 1987. ISBN: 9780816614028.

Suggested

Buy at MIT Press Cache, Bernard. “Territorial Image.” In Earth Moves: The Furnishing of Territories. MIT Press, 1995. ISBN: 9780262531306. [Preview with Google Books]

Virilio, Paul. “World War II bunker architecture.” Bunker Archaeology. Histoire and Collections, 1998. ISBN: 9782907757492.

Tschumi, Bernard, and Rem Koolhaas / OMA . Parc De la Villette Competition Entry. November 16, 1983.

Governmentality

Foucault, Michel. “Governmentality,” “Space, Knowledge, and Power,” and “The Political Technology of Individuals.” In Power: Essential Works of Foucault, 1954–1984. Vol. 3. Edited by James D. Faubion. The New Press, 2000, pp. 201–22, 349–64, and 403–14. ISBN: 9781565842571.

Weizman, Eyal. Walking Through Walls: Soldiers As Architects in the Israeli–Palestinian Conflict. Radical Philosophy 136 (2005): 8 and 9–22.

Buy at MIT Press Deutsche, Rosalyn. “Uneven Development: Public Art in New York City.” In Evictions: Art and Spatial Politics. MIT Press, 1996, pp. 49–107. ISBN: 9780262041584.

Buy at MIT Press Deutsche, Rosalyn. “Krzystof Wodiczko’s Homeless Projection and the Site of Urban ‘Revitalization.” In Evictions: Art and Spatial Politics. MIT Press, 1996. ISBN: 9780262041584.

Watch: 2 or 3 Things I Know About Her. Directed by Jean–Luc Godard. Color, 87 min. 1967.

Biopolitics

Agamben, Giorgio. “What is an Apparatus?” In What is an Apparatus? and Other Essays. Translated by David Kishik and Stefan Pedatella. Stanford University Press, 2009. ISBN: 9780804762298.

Beck, Ulrich. Chapter 5 in Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. Sage Publications, 1992. ISBN: 9780803983465. [Preview with Google Books]

Corbin, Alain. “The Stench of the Poor” and “Domestic Atmospheres: 142–75.” Chapter 9 and 10 in The Foul and the Fragrant: Odor and the French Social Imagination. Harvard University Press, 1986. ISBN: 9780674311756.

Chua, Beng–Huat. “Public Housing and Political Legitimacy.” In Political Legitimacy and Housing: Singapore’s Stakeholder Society. Routledge, 1997. ISBN: 9780415166904.

Evans, Robin. “Rookeries and Model Dwellings: English Housing Reform and the Moralities of Private Space.” In Translations from Drawing to Building and Other Essays. MIT Press, 1997, pp. 92–117. ISBN: 9780262550277.

Ross, Andrew. Chapters 4, 9, and 10 in The Celebration Chronicles: Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Property Values in Disney’s New Town. Ballantine Books, 1999. ISBN: 9780345417510.

Watch: The Truman Show. Directed by Peter Weir. Color, 103 min. 1998.

Watch: Alien 3. Directed by David Fincher. Color, 114 min. 1992.

Body

Foucault, Michel. Chapters 7–9 in The Birth of the Clinic: An Archaeology of Medical Perception. Translated by A. M. Sheridan Smith. Vinatge Books, 1994. ISBN: 9780679753346.

Colomina, Beatriz. “The Medical Body in Architecture.” In AnyBody. Edited by Cynthia Davidson. MIT Press, 1997, pp. 228–38. ISBN: 9780262540889.

Mitchell, Timothy. “Can the Mosquito Speak?” Chapter 1 in Rule of Experts: Egypt, Techno–Politics, Modernity. University of California Press, 2002, pp. 19–53. ISBN: 9780520232617. [Preview with Google Books]

Lupton, Ellen, and J. Abbott Miller. The Bathroom, the Kitchen and the Aesthetics of Waste: A Process of Elimination. Princeton Architectural Press, 1992. ISBN: 9780938437420.

Buy at MIT Press Latour, Bruno. “Where Are the Missing Masses? The Sociology of a Few Mundane Artifacts.” In Shaping Technology / Building Society: Studies in Sociotechnical Change. Edited by Wiebe E. Bijker and John Law. MIT Press, 1992, pp. 151–80. ISBN: 9780262023382.

Watch: Aliens. Directed by James Cameron. Color, 137 min. 1986.

Watch: Alien Resurrection. Directed by Jean–Pierre Jeunet. Color, 109 min. 1997.

Systems

[WJ] Boyce, James. “What is the Systems Approach? (1969).” pp. 67–82.

Buy at MIT Press Gerovitch, Slava. “Cyberspeak: A Universal Language for Men and Machines.” In Newspeak to Cyber Speak: A History of Soviet Cybernetics. MIT Press, 2002, pp. 51–101. 9780262072328. [Preview with Google Books]

Maldonado, Tomas. “Environment, Nature, Alienation,” “Human Ecology and the Dialectic of the Concrete,” “The Idea of a System,” and “Revolution and Strategy of Innovation.” In Design, Nature and Revolution: Toward a Critical Ecology. Harper and Row, 1972, pp. 1–5, 6–12, 50–53, and 54–56. ISBN: 9780060127770.

Jones, Caroline. “Hans Haacke 1967.” In Hans Haacke 1967. MIT List Visual Art Center, 2012. ISBN: 9780938437772.

Betts, Paul. “Science, Semiotics, and Society: The Ulm Hochschule fur Gestaltung in Retrospect.” Design Issues 14, no. 2 (1998): 67–82.

Buy at MIT Press Medina, Eden. Chapters 3 and 4 in Cybernetic Revolutionaries: Technology and Politics in Allende’s Chile. MIT Press, 2011. ISBN: 9780262016490. [Preview with Google Books]

Suggested

Bertalanffy, Ludwig von. Chapters 2, 6, and 8 in General System Theory: Foundations, Development, Applications. Braziller, 1969.

Organicism

Merleau–Ponty, Maurice. “Second Course, The Concept of Nature: 1957–1958 – Animality, the Human Body, and the Passage to Culture.” In Nature, Course Notes from the Collège de France. Notes by Dominique Séglard. Translated by Robert Vallier. Northwestern University Press, 2003. ISBN: 9780810114456. [Preview with Google Books]

Ritterbush, Philip. “Organic Form: Aesthetics and Objectivity in the Study of Form in the Life Sciences.” In Organic Form: The Life of an Idea. Edited by G. S. Rousseau. Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1972. ISBN: 9780710072467.

[WJ] Wright, Frank Lloyd. “The Art and Craft of the Machine. (1901)”

[WJ] Haring, Hugo. “The House as an Organic Structure. (1932)”

[WJ] Mumford, Lewis. “Technical Syncretism and Toward an Organic Ideology. (1934)”

[WJ] Honzik, Karel. “Biotechnics: Functional Design and the Vegetable World. (1937)”

[WJ] Kiesler, Frederick J. “On Correalism and Biotechnique: A Definition and Test of a New Approach to Building Design. (1939)”

[WJ] Collins, Peter. “The Biological Analogy. (1959)”

[WJ] Katavolos, William. “Organics. (1960)”

[WJ] FernándezGaliano, Luis. “Organisms and Mechanisms Metaphors of Architecture Mechanical, Thermal, and Cybernatic Machines versus the Living and the Built. (1982)”

[WJ] Yeang, Ken. “A Theory of Ecological Design. (1999)”

Synthetics

Deleuze, Gilles, and Felix Guattari. “Introduction: Rhizome.” In A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. University of Minnesota Press, 1987. ISBN: 9780816614028.

Buy at MIT Press Simon, Herbert. Chapters 1, 2, 5, and 6 in The Sciences of the Artificial. MIT Press, 1981. ISBN: 9780262191937. [Preview with Google Books]

Bell, Michael, and Craig Buckley, eds. Permanent Change: Plastics in Architecture and Engineering. Princeton Architectural Press, 2014. ISBN: 9781616891664.

Lavin, Sylvia. “Neither: Plastic as Concept, Plastic as Material.” In Permanent Change: Plastics in Architecture and Engineering. Princeton Architectural Press, 2014. ISBN: 9781616891664.

Colomina, Beatriz. “Plastic Atmospheres, 1956 and 2008.” In Permanent Change: Plastics in Architecture and Engineering. Princeton Architectural Press, 2014. ISBN: 9781616891664.

Scott, Felicity D. “Plastic Man Strikes, Again (and Again).” In Permanent Change: Plastics in Architecture and Engineering. Princeton Architectural Press, 2014. ISBN: 9781616891664.

Wigley, Mark. “The Plastic Line.” In Permanent Change: Plastics in Architecture and Engineering. Princeton Architectural Press, 2014. ISBN: 9781616891664.

Lynn, Greg. “‘Good–Bye Tectonics, Hello Composites.” In Permanent Change: Plastics in Architecture and Engineering. Princeton Architectural Press, 2014. ISBN: 9781616891664.

de Landa, Manuel. Chapters 1 and 3 in Philosophy and Simulation: The Emergence of Synthetic Reason. Bloomsbury Academic, 2011. ISBN: 9781441170286. [Preview with Google Books]

R&Sie(n) with Benoit Durandin et al. “I’ve heard about (c); (a flat, fat, growing urban environment).” (PDF) Musée d’art moderne de la ville de Paris (2005): 6–8 and 93–106.

Schumacher, Patrick, and Zaha Hadid. “Arguing for Elegance.” Architectural Design 77, no. 1 (2007): 28–37.

Labor

Marx, Karl. “Wage Labor and Capital.” In Karl Marx, Selected Writings. Edited by David McLellan. Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN: 9780198782659.

Benjamin, Walter. “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility, and Other Writings on Media.” Grey Room, no. 39 (2010): 11–38. [Translated by Michael Jennings.]

Tombesi, Paolo. “On the Cultural Separation of Design Labor.” In Building (in) the Future: Recasting Labor in Architecture. Edited by Peggy Deamer and Phillip Bernstein. Princeton Architectural Press, 2010, pp. 117–36. ISBN: 9781568988061. [Preview with Google Books]

Jones, Caroline. “Frank Stella, Executive Artist.” In Machine in the Studio: Constructing the Postwar American Artist. University of Chicago Press, 1998, pp. 114–88. ISBN: 9780226406497. [Preview with Google Books]

Reid, Susan E. “The Khrushchev Kitchen: Domesticating the Scientific–Technological Revolution.” Journal of Contemporary History 40, no. 2 (2005): 289–316.

Lupton, Ellen. Mechanical Brides: Women and Machines from Home to Office. Cooper–Hewitt National Museum of Design, 1993. [Preview with Google Books]

Suggested

Rabinbach, Anson. “The Political Economy of Labour Power” and “The Laws of the Human Motor.” Chapter 3 and 5 in The Human Motor: Energy, Fatigue and the Origins of Modernity. Basic Books, 1990. ISBN: 9780465031306. [Preview with Google Books]

Hyde, Charles K. “Assembly–Line Architecture: Albert Kahn and the Evolution of the U.S. Auto Factory, 1905–1940.” The Journal of the Society for Industrial Archaeology 22, no. 2 (1996).

Watch: Alien. Directed by Ridley Scott. Color, 117 min. 1979.

Cyborg

Canguilheim, Georges. “Machine and Organism.” In Incorporations. Edited by Jonathan Crary and Sanford Kwinter. Zone Books, 1992, pp. 44–69. ISBN: 9780942299304.

Haraway, Donna. “A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist–Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century.” In Simians, Cyborgs and Women: The Reinvention of Nature. Routledge, 1990, pp. 149–81. ISBN: 9780415903875. [Preview with Google Books]

“Prosthesis.” In Ottagono 96. CO.P.INA, 1990. Articles by Adrian Forty, Jacques Guillerme, Georges Teyssot, Anthony Vidler, Mark Wigley.

Vidler, Anthony. “Homes for Cyborgs.” In Not at Home: The Suppression of Domesticity in Modern Art and Architecture. Edited by Christopher Reed. Thames and Hudson, 1996. ISBN: 9780500016923.

Koss, Juliet. “Bauhaus Theater of Human Dolls.” The Art Bulletin 85, no. 4 (2003): 724–45.

[WJ] Latour, Bruno. “Mixing Humans and Nonhumans Together: The Sociology of a Door–Closer. (1988)”

[WJ] Rykwert, Joseph. “Organic and Mechanical. (1992)”

[WJ] Guattari, Felix. “Machinic Heterogenesis. (1995)”

Art: Matthew Barney, Stelarc, Orlan (if interested)

Architecture:  Le Corbusier. Le Modulor and Modulor 2. Birkhäuser Architecture, 2000. ISBN: 9783764361884.

Neufert, Ernst. Neufert Architects’ Data. Wiley Blackwell, 2000. ISBN: 9780632037766.

Watch: Blade Runner. Directed by Ridley Scott. Color, 117 min. 1982.

Environment

Latour, Bruno. “Why has Critique Run out of Steam? From Matters of Fact to Matters of Concern.” Critical Inquiry 30, no. 2 (2004): 15–20.

Zizek, Slavoj. Censorship Today: Violence, or Ecology as a New Opium for the Masses.

Whatmore, Sarah, and Susan Boucher. “Bargaining with Nature: The Discourse and Practice of ‘Environmental Planning Gain’.” Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 18, no. 2 (1993).

Cooke, Timothy. The USGBC and LEED: A Report on the Green Building Industry, Unpublished paper.

Meadows, Donella H., et al. “Growth in the World System.” Chapter 3 in The Limits to Growth: A Report for the Club of Rome on the Predicament of Mankind. Universe Publisher, 1972. ISBN: 9780876632222. (A team of MIT scientists, with the aid of a giant computer).

Golub, Robert, and Joe Townsend. “Malthus, Multinationals and the Club of Rome.” Social Studies of Science 7, no. 2 (1977): 201–22.

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