9.04 | Fall 2013 | Undergraduate
Sensory Systems

Readings

[FundamentalNeuro] = Squire, Larry, et al, eds. Fundamental Neuroscience. 3rd ed. Academic Press, 2008. ISBN: 9780123740199. [Preview with Google Books]

[AuditoryNeuro] = Buy at MIT Press Schnupp, J., I. Nelken, and A. King. Auditory Neuroscience: Making Sense of Sound. MIT Press, 2010. ISBN: 9780262113182. [Preview with Google Books]

[Preparatory Reading] = Schiller Lab web site.

Vision Section

Students should complete the assigned preparatory reading in advance of each class and should take 15–30 minutes to complete. Additionally, the following readings are assigned, though no specific lecture is provided.

[FundamentalNeuro] – Chapter 28.

Waessle, H., and B. Boycott. “Functional Architecture of the Mammalian Retina.” Physiological Reviews 71, no. 2 (1991): 447–80.

Schiller, P. H. “Parallel Information Processing Channels Created in the Retina.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107, no. 40 (2010): 17087–94.

Schiller, P. H., and C. E. Carvey. “The Hermann Grid Illusion Revisited.” Perception 34, no. 11 (2005): 1375–97.

Fafrowicz, Magdalena, et al, eds. Section 5 in Neuroadaptive Systems: Theory and Applications. CRC Press, 2012, pp. 97–138. ISBN: 9781439857458.

Sekuler, R., and R. Blake. Chapters 5–8 in Perception. McGraw-Hill College, 2001. ISBN: 9780072488951.

Schiller, P. H., and E. J. Tehovnik. “Visual Prosthesis.” Perception 37, no. 10 (2008): 1529–59.

LEC # TOPICS READINGS
1 Introduction to course; Visual system  
2 Basic layout of the retina [Preparatory reading] Sections 1A–D: The neural control of vision.
3 The lateral geniculate nucleus and visual cortex [Preparatory reading] Sections 1E–F: The neural control of vision.
4 The ON and OFF channels [Preparatory reading] Section 1G: The neural control of vision.
5 The Midget and Parasol channels [Preparatory reading] Section 1H: The neural control of vision.
6 Adaptation and color [Preparatory reading] Sections 1I–J: The neural control of vision.
7 Depth perception [Preparatory reading] Section 1L: The neural control of vision.
8 Form perception [Preparatory reading] Sections 1M: The neural control of vision.
9 Illusions and visual prosthesis [Preparatory reading] Sections 1O and 3A–D: The neural control of vision.
10 The neural control of visually guided eye movements, part 1 [Preparatory reading] Sections 2A–B: The neural control of visually guided eye movements.
11 The neural control of visually guided eye movements, part 2 [Preparatory reading] Section 2C: The neural control of visually guided eye movements.
12 Motion perception and pursuit eye movements [Preparatory reading] Section 1K: The neural control of visually guided eye movements.
13 Overview of vision  
  Exam  
14 Sound: External, middle, and inner ears

[AuditoryNeuro] pp. 1–26, 43–64, 190–3, and 290–1.

Hofman, P. M., J. G. Van Riswick, et al. “Relearning Sound Localization with New Ears.” Nature Neuroscience 1, no. 5 (1998): 417–21.

15 Hair cells: Transduction, electrophysiology and “cochlear amplifier”

[AuditoryNeuro] pp. 64–75.

Liberman M. C., J. Gao, et al. “Prestin is Required for Electromotility of the Outer Hair Cell and for the Cochlear Amplifier.” Nature 419, (2002): 300–4.

16 Auditory nerve; psychophysics of frequency resolution

[AuditoryNeuro] pp. 75–86, and 94–110.

McKinney, M. F., and B. Delgutte. “A Possible Neurophysiological Basis of the Octave Enlargement Effect.” The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 106, no. 5 (1999): 2679–92.

17 Cochlear nucleus: Tonotopy, unit types and cell types [AuditoryNeuro] pp. 86–8.
18 Hearing loss and cochlear implants. Demonstration by implant user

[AuditoryNeuro] pp. 295–319.

Moore, D. R., and R. V. Shannon. “Beyond Cochlear Implants: Awakening the Deafened Brain.” Nature Neuroscience 12 (2009): 686–91.

19 Descending systems and reflexes: OC efferents and middle ear muscles

[AuditoryNeuro] p. 53.

Brown, M. “Efferent Systems to the Auditory Periphery.” In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. 4th ed. Edited by L. Squire, T. Albright, F. Bloom, F. Gage, and N. Spitzer. Academic Press, 2009. ISBN: 9780080446172.

Delano P., D. Elgueda, et al. “Selective Attention to Visual Stimuli Reduces Cochlear Sensitivity in Chinchillas.” The Journal of Neuroscience 27, no. 15 (2007): 4146–53.

20 Sound Localization, part 1: Psychophysics and neural circuits

[AuditoryNeuro] pp. 177–88.

Brand, A., O. Behrend, et al. “Precise Inhibition is Essential for Microsecond Interaural Time Difference Coding.” Nature 417 (2002): 543–7.

21 Sound localization, part 2: Superior olivary complex and inferior colliculus

[AuditoryNeuro] pp. 189–209.

Knudsen, E. I. “Capacity for Plasticity in the Adult Owl Auditory System Expanded by Juvenile Experience.” Science 279, no. 5356 (1998): 1531–3.

22 Auditory cortex, Part 1: General physiology and role in sound localization

[AuditoryNeuro] pp. 88–92, and 209–19.

Penagos, H., J. R. Melcher, et al. “A Neural Representation of Pitch Salience in Nonprimary Human Auditory Cortex Revealed with Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.” The Journal of Neuroscience 24, no. 3 (2004): 6810–5.

23 Auditory cortex, Part 2: Language; bats and echolocation

[AuditoryNeuro] pp. 34–9, 139–52, and 161–4.

Suga, N. “Biosonar and neural computation in bats (PDF – 1.5MB).” Scientific American 262 (1990): 60–8.

Caplan, D. T., and J. L. Gould. “Language and Communication—the part on human language.” In Fundamental Neuroscience. 3rd ed. Edited by L. R. Squire, D. Berg, F. E. Bloom, et al. Academic Press, 2008, pp. 1184–98. ISBN: 9780123740199. [Preview with Google Books]

24 Eaton-Peabody lab tour at Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary  
25 Review of visual system  
26 Review of auditory system  
  Exam

Supplemental Vision Readings

Rockland, K. S., J. H. Kaas, and A. Peters, eds. Chapter 2 in Cerebral Cortex: Volume 12: Extrastriate Cortex in Primates. Springer, 1998. ISBN: 9780306455308. [Preview with Google Books]

Schiller, P. H., and C. E. Carvey. “Demonstrations of Spatio-Temporal Integration and What They Tell us About the Visual System.” Perception 35, no. 11 (2006): 1521–55.

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